Connect with us

Quran and Sunnah

Using Arabic Grammar to Understand the Qur’an

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

The Qur’an is a treasure trove of gems and jewels. For the one who diligently seeks them, it can provide any or all of the following priceless blessings required for spiritual growth and rejuvenation: knowledge, insight, understanding of reality vs. illusion, the ability to identify causes of day-to-day situations and human reactions to them, a variety of psychological behavioral traits displayed by people in any era of time, and a deep grasp of the concepts of life, death and the afterlife.

Not just this, but the Qur’an also details numerous past, real-life, historic events accompanied by dialogues that actually took place centuries ago between people, necessitating the student of knowledge to dig deeper into the context behind the revelation of its verses, and to consult other reliable sources for details of the events in the lives of previous prophets and bygone nations, with the most authentic of these sources primarily being  hadith collections.

Support MuslimMatters for Just $2 a Month

MuslimMatters has been a free service to the community since 2007. All it takes is a small gift from a reader like you to keep us going, for just $2 / month.

The Prophet (SAW) has taught us the best of deeds are those that done consistently, even if they are small. Click here to support MuslimMatters with a monthly donation of $2 per month. Set it and collect blessings from Allah (swt) for the khayr you're supporting without thinking about it.

Last but not least, one of the greatest gems that can be extracted from this Glorious Book is the immense enjoyment of communicating directly with Allah through un-rushed, beautified and deliberate recitation of His كلام – His own spoken word. Such recitation results in the subsequent descent of, and the feeling of being enveloped by, His Divine mercy or رحمة.

All of the above are blessings and treasures that can be derived from this ‘treasure chest’ – the Glorious Quran – to name but a few.

Yes, the Quran is indeed a treasure trove of gems, but only for the one who seeks them from this trove with the correct intention, and via correct branches and sources of knowledge, which include the rules of tajweed and other supplementary subjects.

One of the most popular – and also often the most feared – subjects that a student of knowledge pursues to understand the Quran better is Arabic Grammar. Comprising mostly of a set of lexical rules derived to help understand Arabic as a language, Grammar is sometimes a difficult nut to crack. Nay, it is many a students’ most ardent nemeses!

I admit that I have heard some extremely polarized views about this subject from different people, be they experienced teachers or frazzled students at their wits end; students ready to pull their hair out over sincere but futile efforts to memorize the complex, multidimensional tables of Arabic pronouns, nouns and verbs!

Some are of the opinion that Arabic Grammar makes it difficult and confusing for a student of knowledge to get a grasp of the language. They opine that memorization of tables does not help if, at the end of the day, the student cannot apply its basic concepts to comprehend the actual Quranic text.

Others stand by the claim that memorization of the complex noun and verb tables of Arabic Grammar is one of the secrets to unlocking the deeper meanings of the comprehensive yet compact (جامع) words in the Quran.

As a work-in-progress student of knowledge, I admit that I hold the latter opinion. I have benefited tremendously by studying basic Arabic grammar. However, my primary concern was never memorizing the tables just to get good marks in tests, but rather, to apply the knowledge of grammar to the Quran’s Arabic text in order to scoop out meanings from it that simple language translations did not adequately convey.

Below, I will attempt to express the importance of studying Arabic Grammar by explaining 3 examples of words found in different places in the Quran.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ آمِنُواْ بِاللّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ

O you who believe! Believe in Allah and His Messenger..” [Quran – 4:136]

The above portion of this verse carries 2 Arabic words that sound incredibly similar to each other, and they occur consecutively. In fact, the only difference between the two words آمَنُواْ and آمِنُواْ, is changing the fathah (فتحة) on the “م” into a kusrah (كسرة):

آمَنُواْ           آمِنُواْ

The change of that single fathah into a kusrah changes the entire meaning of the same set of letters. Whereas the word “آمَنُواْ” means “those people who have believed” and is a verb or action-word, the word “آمِنُواْ” means, “Believe, you all!” and it is not a verb per se but rather, “a command verb” i.e. an action word that is meant as a command to someone. In grammatical lingo, it known more formally as the “imperative verb”, but I prefer referring to it as the “command verb”, because it is known in arabic as فعل امر.

You can understand it with this analogy: we say, “Eat!” to someone when commanding them to eat, but we also say the word “eat” as a verb in other contexts, e.g. “We will eat in an hour”.

The beauty of the Arabic language is that it uses separate combinations of the same set of root letters (in this case, these letters are: م , ا , and ن), with different sounds for those letters, denoted by vowels, to openly display these differences in meaning very beautifully.

(Please click here for a more detailed, word-for-word, grammatical analysis of the above verse.)

For the next example, here is a verse from Surah Aali `Imran:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ اصْبِرُواْ وَصَابِرُواْ وَرَابِطُواْ وَاتَّقُواْ اللّهَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ

O you who believe! Persevere in patience and constancy; vie in such perseverance; strengthen each other; and fear Allah. That you may prosper.” [Quran – 3:200]

In the above verse, again, two very similar words come right one after another. They are:

اصْبِرُواْ         صَابِرُواْ

In this case, both these words are command verbs ordering a group to a certain action. However, their form is different by a single Arabic letter or consonant, the alif (ا). In the first word, “اصْبِرُواْ”, the alif comes before the ص. In the second word, “صَابِرُواْ”, the alif comes after the ص.

This single, apparently very slight, difference in writing the same set of consonants, results in two command-verbs that convey completely different meanings.

The command verb “اصْبِرُواْ” means, “be patient (you all)”, whereas the command verb “صَابِرُواْ” means, “exhort each other towards patience (you all)”.

Isn’t it obvious how powerful the language of the Quran is? How beautifully it conveys different meanings by adding or moving around just one consonant/letter in a word, or the vowel on it?

Now let’s look at the third example. This one will present how knowledge of Arabic grammar helps in pondering more deeply on the verses of the Quran, to get a more detailed picture of what is being said:

خُذُوهُ فَغُلُّوهُ

Lay hold of him, and shackle him” [Quran – 69:30]

This verse of the Quran contains two command-verbs which have the pronoun “هُ” appended at their end. Both the words, “خُذُوا” and “غُلُّوا” are command-verbs directed at several masculine recipients, or a group of men. This is apparent because of the “وا ُ ” appearing at their end.

This presents an interesting insight into this verse. The English translation says, “Lay hold of him“, but analysis of the Arabic command verb “خُذُوهُ” reveals that, actually, several beings are being addressed to “lay hold of him”, not one person.

This unveils knowledge of a bone-chilling scene that shows us a picture of what will happen to wrong-doers in the Akhirah: numerous angels will be commanded by Allah to hold and shackle one sinning human being, and then thrust him into the Hell-Fire!

The next verse, shown below, completes the terrifying picture:

ثُمَّ الْجَحِيمَ صَلُّوهُ

And then let him enter hell;” [Quran – 69:31]

Another command-verb “صَلُّوا” occurs in this verse, having the pronoun “هُ” appended at its end. The meaning is the same: an order from Allah to several angels to throw the person referred to by the pronoun “هُ”, into the Hell Fire.

ثُمَّ فِي سِلْسِلَةٍ ذَرْعُهَا سَبْعُونَ ذِرَاعًا فَاسْلُكُوهُ

And then thrust him into a chain [of other sinners like him – a chain], the length whereof is seventy cubits.” [Quran – 69:32]

Finally, using the command-verb “اسْلُكُوهُ”, Allah commands the numerous angels to pass the sinner onto a chain of others like him.

Tafsir Ibn Kathir explains the above verses thus:

Allah’s words, “Seize him and fetter him; then throw him in the blazing Fire” mean that He [Allah] will command the guardians of Hell to forcibly remove him from the gathering place, fetter him – meaning put iron collars on his neck – then carry him off to Hell and cast him into it, meaning they will submerge him in it.

Then fasten him on a chain whereof the length is seventy cubits!” – Ka`b Al-Ahbar said, “Every ring of it will be equal to the entire amount of iron found in this world.”

Al-`Awfi reported that Ibn `Abbas and Ibn Jurayj both said, “Each cubit will be the forearm’s length of an angel.”

Ibn Jurayj reported that Ibn `Abbas said, فَاْسْلُكُوهُ (“then fasten him“) “It will be entered into his buttocks and pulled out of his mouth. Then they will be arranged on this (chain) just like locusts are arranged on a stick that is being roasted.”

Al-`Awfi reported from Ibn `Abbas that he said, “It will be ran into his behind until it is brought out of his two nostrils so he will not be able to stand on his two feet.”

End quote Tafsir Ibn Kathir.

Arabic Grammar thus enables us to understand certain things whilst reciting or reading the Arabic text of the Quran directly, without needing an accompanying translation or consulting a tafsir.

As shown above, the tasfir makes it clear that several angels – in the role of the guardians of Hell – will be taking hold of, fettering and thrusting each Hell-dweller into either (i) a chain of other sinners headed for Hell, or (ii) an extremely huge iron chain that will be passed through his body like a skewer. This terrifying picture of several harsh, stern angels working together in a group on one sinner at a time sends chills down the spine.

We seek refuge with Allah from the torments of the Akhirah. Ameen.

I hope I have been able to effectively convey and present the ease that is provided to a student, by studying Arabic Grammar, in understanding lexical technicalities in the Quran’s Arabic text, which does away with the need to always consult a translation.

I know that studying Arabic grammar can be a challenge at times. Here a few tips that can help:

  1. Constantly renew your intention of studying this branch of Islamic knowledge to make it solely for the pleasure of Allah, as it will aid you to understand His Glorious Book better, because of which you will acquire His closeness and more taqwa, insha’Allah.
  2. Do not worry if the conjugation tables and difficult descriptive terms overwhelm you at first. Keep trying to apply the knowledge of the rules to verses of the Quran.
  3. Do not focus just on memorizing grammatical concepts, terms and their definitions to pass exams. Rather, it is alright, for example, if you forget the complex definition of فعل امر but can identify it when you read or recite the Quran’s arabic text and see how it is tying in with the meaning of the text.
  4. Consider your pursuit of knowledge a blessed action worthy of great reward.

When you proceed like this, keeping a positive approach and a never-give-up attitude that transcends official courses and classroom lessons taken under teachers, Allah’s help will come in the form of ease and barakah, insha’Allah, granting you insights into the language of the Quran, which you never anticipated that you could experience!

Support Our Dawah for Just $2 a Month

MuslimMatters has been a free service to the community since 2007. All it takes is a small gift from a reader like you to keep us going, for just $2 / month.

The Prophet (SAW) has taught us the best of deeds are those that done consistently, even if they are small. Click here to support MuslimMatters with a monthly donation of $2 per month. Set it and collect blessings from Allah (swt) for the khayr you're supporting without thinking about it.

Sadaf Farooqi is a postgraduate in Computer Science who has done the Taleem Al-Quran Course from Al-Huda International, Institute of Islamic Education for Women, in Karachi, Pakistan.11 years on, she is now a homeschooling parent of three children, a blogger, published author and freelance writer. She has written articles regularly for Hiba Magazine, SISTERS Magazine and Saudi Gazette.Sadaf shares her life experiences and insights on her award-winning blog, Sadaf's Space, and intermittently teaches subjects such as Fiqh of Zakah, Aqeedah, Arabic Grammar, and Science of Hadith part-time at a local branch of Al-Huda. She has recently become a published author of a book titled 'Traversing the Highs and Lows of Muslim Marriage'.For most part, her Jihad bil Qalam involves juggling work around persistent power breakdowns and preventing six chubby little hands from her computer! Even though it may not seem so, most of her time is spent not in doing all this, but in what she loves most - reading.

26 Comments

26 Comments

  1. Avatar

    sharmeen

    April 8, 2011 at 1:10 AM

    it gives me courage to learn arabic language with more enthuthiasm.

  2. Avatar

    Hibah

    April 8, 2011 at 1:20 AM

    AlhamduliLlahi, there are several readily-available resources online to help in learning nahw (grammar), sarf (morphology), etc. Personally, Shariah Program (shariahprogram.ca) is my favorite – Mufti Yusuf Mullan’s program is second to none. I’m in my first semester and I’ve learned more in these first weeks than I have in all my years as a Muslimah (13+ years) studying off and on, plus the university-level Arabic studies before Islam. Trust me, the frustration CAN be over with access to a great program.

    Another great resource: Qibla Academy (aka Sunnipath.com). And, of course, there are so many others…Bayyinah and so on.

    Thank you so much for posting this. There may be many translations of the Qur’an, but the part that cannot be translated is the miracle of the Qur’an which is encoded in the special usage of the language itself. And the way to access that miracle is through deeper study of the language. Jazaakum Allahu khairan.

    • Avatar

      Umm Ibraheem

      April 8, 2011 at 12:57 PM

      Totally agree, Shariah Program is one of the best online courses out there.

      • Avatar

        iqra

        April 8, 2011 at 11:40 PM

        There’s also Fawakih Institute’s summer program and the new Zaytuna College which offers a degree in Arabic and general Islamic sciences. Along with Bayinnah and Shari’a Program, there’s no need to go overseas, at least for now!

  3. Avatar

    Quran

    April 8, 2011 at 3:41 AM

    The Quran is not a book like any other; it is a timeless guide for life, death and the The Arabic Grammar thus enables us to understand certain things whilst reciting or reading the Arabic text of the Quran directly, without needing an accompanying translation or consulting a tafsir.so through arabic grammer you can understand quran easily.nice post thanks for sharing it.

  4. Avatar

    Dreamlife

    April 8, 2011 at 4:33 AM

    JazakAllah for the encouragement. I often wonder – if the Quran was revealed in English, what it would read like to us ENglish speakers nowadays. How sublime the language would be. If we could hear – just for a few moments- in our own language, how amazing the words are, would it give us more encouragement to learn Arabic?

    But we’ll never know – unless we learn Arabic and truly understand the Quran in its original language.

  5. Avatar

    sifat

    April 8, 2011 at 6:20 AM

    Thanks a lot for this invaluable information!
    I have at least got some idea of the difference between straightforward translation and an insightful translation.
    May Allah help me to understand Quran better and hence Islam!

  6. Pingback: Using Arabic Grammar to Understand the Qur’an | QuranNews

  7. Avatar

    Naveed

    April 8, 2011 at 9:00 AM

    I second to Hibah about the resources available online for learning Arabic Grammer. I would also like to share the site where you can download the excellent lectures on Arabic learning especially for the beginners.

    Please go on http://www.lqtoronto.com/

    This lectures based on Dr. Abul Rahim Medina Books 1,2 and 3. (Medina University Saudi Arabia)

  8. Avatar

    Amatullah

    April 8, 2011 at 10:07 AM

    Jazaki Allahu khayran for this fantastic article Sadaf!

  9. Avatar

    mariam

    April 8, 2011 at 11:59 AM

    asalamOalekum warehmatullah

    MashAllah very informative . The reference links are excellent too. I am once again feeling like giving grammer a try with new courage and enthusiasm :) after all its never too late .
    Jazakillah khair. Love n envy ur brain and ur knowledge MashAllah !!
    Keep me in ur prayers .

    love hugs n duaz
    regards.

  10. Avatar

    Mezba

    April 8, 2011 at 1:33 PM

    When I started to learn the Quran, the thing that impressed me most about the Arabic language was that how much of an exception exceptions were! For example in the English language goose is singular, moose is plural, but this doesn’t apply to moose! i before e and all that. Arabic was so much simple.

    Another fact I feel is that people rely on tafsirs that are done keeping a certain time and place in mind, but Quran applies to all time and all place. For example Surah Quraish may be talking about the Quraish, but it’s a lesson to ALL powerful nations that are secure, have treaties, are provided food and shelter by Allah but is denying Him.

  11. Avatar

    Sister

    April 8, 2011 at 2:07 PM

    Assalamualykum sr.Sadaf,

    Jazakillahu khairaan kaseera for encouraging us .Still a long way for me to master this.May Allah make the path of ilm easy for all of us.

  12. Pingback: Using Arabic Grammar to Understand the Qur'an | MuslimMatters.org | Find Best Information about Islam on Internet

  13. Pingback: Using Arabic Grammar to Understand the Qur'an | MuslimMatters.org | al-mukhtar.com

  14. Avatar

    abu abdAllah Tariq Ahmed

    April 8, 2011 at 9:33 PM

    Great article, mashaAllah!

  15. Avatar

    anon

    April 10, 2011 at 12:22 AM

    mashAllah great article, I have another example which i found myself when studying arabic, alhamdulilah even though im only a beginner ,I really appreciate how much grammar helps me with understanding quran

    1. When prophet yusuf alaihisalaam narrates the dream رأيت is used (ماضي, but when the prisoners and the king narrate the dream they use مضارع (different tense) أرى and أراني

    it gets translated as “I saw “for all three in the english translations of the quran..

    the reason for that is the ulamaa of the arabic language mention that the present tense denotes continuity…thus would mean the King saw the dream over and over again- thus it became a point of worry and concern…

    The past tense does not allude to continuity and thus would imply Yusuf AS seeing the dream once…

    Allah knows best.

  16. Avatar

    Cartoon M

    April 10, 2011 at 11:27 AM

    I finished the free arabic grammar lessons on Bayyinah, but then school started and I forgot it all =[.

    By the way, can the arabic font be made larger?

  17. Avatar

    Farhan

    April 10, 2011 at 2:12 PM

    I can’t wait til Fawakih or Bayyinah come back in town!

  18. Avatar

    Gamal

    April 11, 2011 at 7:29 PM

    Jazaakallaahu Khairan, this was a nice article. It has given me great encouragement to keep studying.

    lqtoronto is an excellent resource if you are doing the madeena books

    also abu taubah at http://myfiks.org/ offers the ultimate arabic course

    you can check out some of his videos on youtube

  19. Avatar

    Abdul-Qadir

    April 11, 2011 at 8:52 PM

    Assalamualaikum,

    MashaAllah, this is turning into a great Arabic learning resource.

    In my opinion, the best FREE Arabic source for beginners is http://www.understandquran.com. In less than 30 days, you will understand half the words on a page of Quran, as well as basic gammar as well. I went through it and I have seen great improvements in my understanding. Tarawih is so much more enjoyable.

  20. Avatar

    Mulla Jiwan

    April 11, 2011 at 9:10 PM

    This is an excellent article. But the author disappoints in one crucial place when she says: “When you proceed like this, keeping a positive approach and a never-give-up attitude that transcends official courses and classroom lessons taken under teachers.”

    I appreciate the author’s ability to self-study and their zeal to set an example that self-study is acceptable. But does self-study really have to be presented as “transcending” courses and teachers? This is a very typical al-huda / old school salafi (not MM!) mentality where there seems to constantly be a need to jab at formal instruction and take a better-than-thou stance to all others.

    Again, note the author’s implication in her words: “However, my primary concern was never memorizing the tables just to get good marks in tests, but rather, to apply the knowledge of grammar to the Quran’s Arabic text in order to scoop out meanings from it that simple language translations did not adequately convey.”

    Here again, she seems to feel the need to suggest and insinuate that formal students of courses under teachers learn grammar “just to get good marks in tests.” This is the worst form of su-e-zann and one-upmanship. Sister, you shouldn’t feel the need to put others down in order to feel good about yourself. You should have husn-e-zann that EVERYONE who studies arabic grammar, including those who follow the classical method of formal instruction, their “primary concern” is indeed to “to apply the knowledge of grammar to the Quran’s Arabic text in order to scoop out meanings…”

    Without these unfortunate slants, the article would have been even more beautiful and untinged by arrogance. There is no need to present one as unique and above the mainstream. Indeed, in addition to the grammar of the Qur’an, one needs to adopt the humility of the Qur’an.

    All my love and support for those studying at Bayyinah, Shariah Program, Sunni Path, and others as well as those sincerely trying to do the best on their own, while having the humility and honesty to acknowledge that self-study can never be a replacement to formal instruction, let alone glorified above it.

    I hope the moderators and commentators will not come to a spirited and uncritical defense of the author but rather will allow for some peer-to-peer tarbiyyah and islah!

  21. Avatar

    Brent

    April 16, 2011 at 2:49 PM

    الله يحفظكم

  22. Avatar

    Afrin gilani

    June 25, 2011 at 8:43 PM

    I really very much liked the article.This was very informative article.This article was very helpful in studying by merely sitting on net.This article inspired me to study & understand more about QURAN.Its a better option to study and understand principles of QURAN, rather than being guided by a teacher.Its better than attending afternoon islamic classes.THANKYOU.

  23. Pingback: Using Arabic Grammar to Understand the Quran - IslamiCity | IslamiCity

  24. Avatar

    Farzana

    May 6, 2016 at 6:57 AM

    Brilliantly explained. I will definitely join.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

#Islam

30 Khawaatir in 30 Days- A Parent’s Guide | Day 14: Making Our Intentions Big

Now that we have learnt about the Prophet Adam 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) and the Shaytan, let’s now talk about Prophet Adam 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) and the Shaytan.

Question: Have any of you heard the phrase:  إنما الأعمال بالنية  (innamal ’amaalu bi-niyyaat)? Does anyone know what it means? 

It means that actions are judged by their intentions. 

Question: What does it mean to intend something? Do you need to say your intention out loud?

An intention is something that you feel internally – it is the ‘why’ behind your actions. 

Question: Do you think we always make intentions behind the things we do?

Support MuslimMatters for Just $2 a Month

MuslimMatters has been a free service to the community since 2007. All it takes is a small gift from a reader like you to keep us going, for just $2 / month.

The Prophet (SAW) has taught us the best of deeds are those that done consistently, even if they are small. Click here to support MuslimMatters with a monthly donation of $2 per month. Set it and collect blessings from Allah (swt) for the khayr you're supporting without thinking about it.

If we really tried to make an intention behind every small thing, it would probably cause us some frustration. Most of our actions are done out of habit anyway; like making our beds, brushing our teeth, and making our meals. But, what if we started to be more intentional with the way we operated? What good do you think could come out of it?

Maybe we wouldn’t be so quick to lose our temper. Maybe we could get even more hasanat (reward) for transforming our ordinary chores into extraordinary acts of worship!

One day, Imam ash-Shafi’, a great scholar of Islam -may Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) be pleased with him-, had some students over at his house when they heard someone knock on the door. One of his students went to answer the door, and Imam ash-Shafi’ stopped him and asked him what he was doing.

“I’m going to answer the door,” the student replied.

Imam ash-Shafi’ said, “Before you answer the door, make the intention that if it is a poor person seeking help, you will give them charity. And if it is a guest, that you will host them.” 

Something as simple as answering the door became a way to get lots of rewards! How? Well, whenever we make a good intention, we get the reward for it even if we are unable to do it. That’s how generous Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) is, and Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) can reward a good intention up to 700 times!

I want each of you to pick something ordinary that you always do and make your intention behind it very big! 

[A parent can give the example of washing the dishes: Intend to have a clean home, intend to make dhikr while washing the dishes, intend to have clean plates and utensils for us to be nourished and well fed, all so that we can be healthy and remember Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) and His blessings etc.]

Now, who wants to share?

Support Our Dawah for Just $2 a Month

MuslimMatters has been a free service to the community since 2007. All it takes is a small gift from a reader like you to keep us going, for just $2 / month.

The Prophet (SAW) has taught us the best of deeds are those that done consistently, even if they are small. Click here to support MuslimMatters with a monthly donation of $2 per month. Set it and collect blessings from Allah (swt) for the khayr you're supporting without thinking about it.

Continue Reading

#Islam

30 Khawaatir in 30 Days- A Parent’s Guide | Day 13: Prophet Adam and the Shaytan

Now that we have learnt about Prophet Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) and overcoming fear, let’s now talk about Prophet Adam 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) and the Shaytan.

Adam 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) and Shaytan both made mistakes, but one is going to be rewarded and the other punished. 

Question: Can anyone tell me the one mistake that Adam 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) and Hawa made? 

Yes! They ate from a tree that Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) told them not to eat from. What did they do after they made a mistake?

Support MuslimMatters for Just $2 a Month

MuslimMatters has been a free service to the community since 2007. All it takes is a small gift from a reader like you to keep us going, for just $2 / month.

The Prophet (SAW) has taught us the best of deeds are those that done consistently, even if they are small. Click here to support MuslimMatters with a monthly donation of $2 per month. Set it and collect blessings from Allah (swt) for the khayr you're supporting without thinking about it.

They asked Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) to forgive them. They said:

رَبَّنَا ظَلَمْنَا أَنفُسَنَا وَإِن لَّمْ تَغْفِرْ لَنَا وَتَرْحَمْنَا لَنَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ 

“Our Lord, we have wronged ourselves, and if You do not forgive us and have mercy upon us, we will surely be among the losers.” [Surah Al-A’raf; 23]

Alhamdulillah, Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) accepted their tawba (repentance), and forgave them.

Question: What sin did the Shaytan commit?

Yes, he refused to bow down to Adam 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) even though Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) commanded him to do so. When Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) asked him why he refused to bow down, Shaytan responded by saying:

أَنَا خَيْرٌ مِّنْهُ خَلَقْتَنِي مِن نَّارٍ وَخَلَقْتَهُ مِن طِينٍ 

“I am better than him. You created me from fire and you created him from clay.” [Surat Al-A’raf; 12]

Question: Did Shaytan ask Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) to forgive him?

No, instead he promises that he will try his very best to lead those that believe in Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) on the wrong path. 

Question: What trait is that called, when you know you did something wrong but you refuse to ask for forgiveness?

Shaytan is arrogant in front of Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He), while Prophet Adam 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) knows that every blessing he has is due to Allah’s subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) generosity.

Do you see the difference between the two? As long as we continue coming back to Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He), we need to have firm faith that Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) will forgive us. 

Let’s read this beautiful Hadith Qudsi together:

قَالَ اللهُ تَعَالَى : يَا ابْنَ ادَمَ ، إِنَّكَ مَا دَعَوْتََنِي وَرَجَوْتَنِي ، غَفَرْتُ لَكَ عَلَى مَا كَانَ مِنْكَ وَلَا أُبالِي . يا ابْنَ ادَمَ :لَوْ بَلَغَتْ ذُنُوبُكَ عَنانَ السَّماءِ ثُم اسْتَغْفَرْتَني ، غَفَرْتُ لَكَ . يَا ابْنَ ادَمَ : إِنَّكَ لَوْ أَتَيْتَنِي بِقُرَابِ الأَرْضِ خَطَايا ثُمَّ لَقِيتَني لَا تُشْرِكُ بِي شَيْأً ، لَأَتيْتُكَ بِقُرَابِها مَغْفِرَةً

I heard the Prophet Muhammad ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) say: Allah the Almighty has said: “O son of Adam, so long as you call upon Me and ask of Me, I shall forgive you for what you have done, and I shall not mind. O son of Adam, were your sins to reach the clouds of the sky and were you then to ask forgiveness of Me, I would forgive you. O son of Adam, were you to come to Me with sins nearly as great as the earth and were you then to face Me, ascribing no partner to Me, I would bring you forgiveness nearly as great as it.” [Tirmidhi]

So let’s never lose hope in the mercy of Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) and always remember to turn back to Him whenever we sin or make mistakes! 

Support Our Dawah for Just $2 a Month

MuslimMatters has been a free service to the community since 2007. All it takes is a small gift from a reader like you to keep us going, for just $2 / month.

The Prophet (SAW) has taught us the best of deeds are those that done consistently, even if they are small. Click here to support MuslimMatters with a monthly donation of $2 per month. Set it and collect blessings from Allah (swt) for the khayr you're supporting without thinking about it.

Continue Reading

#Islam

30 Khawaatir in 30 Days- A Parent’s Guide | Day 12: Prophet Musa and Overcoming Fear

Now that we have learnt about gratitude, let’s talk about Prophet Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) and overcoming fear.

I want you to close your eyes and think of a moment when you were afraid. 

Question: How did you feel? Did you feel like running away? Does anyone want to share that moment with us now?

Did you know that the Prophets also felt scared sometimes? 

Question: Can anyone tell me a time when a Prophet was scared?

Support MuslimMatters for Just $2 a Month

MuslimMatters has been a free service to the community since 2007. All it takes is a small gift from a reader like you to keep us going, for just $2 / month.

The Prophet (SAW) has taught us the best of deeds are those that done consistently, even if they are small. Click here to support MuslimMatters with a monthly donation of $2 per month. Set it and collect blessings from Allah (swt) for the khayr you're supporting without thinking about it.

There was a time when Prophet Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) saw a fire in the distance, and he went to see if there was anyone there because he was lost with his family. There, he spoke to Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He)! Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) asked him about his staff and told him to throw it down. 

Question: Does anyone know what happened when Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) threw down the staff?

Yes! It became a snake! How did Prophet Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) react when it became a slithering snake? He ran away! He was so scared! 

Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) told him not to be scared, and that Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) would return it to its original form- a staff.

A little while later, Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) told Prophet Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) to go and speak to Pharoah. Now, we know that Pharoah was one of the worst humans to ever live. He did very evil things and treated the people of Israel very poorly. Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) was scared to speak to Pharoah, but Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) calmed his fears and told him that He subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) is with him, and that He will allow Prophet Musa’s 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) brother -Prophet Harun 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him)– to accompany him for support. This helps Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) feel calm for his meeting with Pharaoh. 

After he meets Pharoah and the magicians become Muslim, Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) takes the Bani Israel (the Children of Israel) with him, and they escape from the clutches of Pharoah and his soldiers until they see the Red Sea. Now, Bani Israel start to lose hope. They say,  “إِنَّا لَمُدْرَكُونَ” (We will surely be overtaken!)

Question: How do you think Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) responds?

Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) sees Pharoah and his soldiers galloping at a great speed about to attack him and his people, and instead of being afraid and running away he says: 

كَلَّا ۖ إِنَّ مَعِيَ رَبِّي سَيَهْدِينِ 

“No! Indeed, I have my Lord, He will guide me!”  [Surah Ash-Shu’ara;62]

And that’s when Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) strikes his staff, and Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) parts the Red Sea and saves  the Children of Israel from the clutches of Pharaoh and his men!

Question: What was the journey that Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) took with his fear? 

First his fear was a physical response, and he runs away from the snake. Then he feels fear inside his heart, because he is so worried about confronting Pharaoh. But he realizes that without fail,  Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) is always there to guide him and help. So, when the Children of Israel feel afraid, Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him)  knows to feel assured and confident that Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) is on his side.

So, every time you feel afraid, remember that Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) is always with you. He subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) hears and sees everything.

Support Our Dawah for Just $2 a Month

MuslimMatters has been a free service to the community since 2007. All it takes is a small gift from a reader like you to keep us going, for just $2 / month.

The Prophet (SAW) has taught us the best of deeds are those that done consistently, even if they are small. Click here to support MuslimMatters with a monthly donation of $2 per month. Set it and collect blessings from Allah (swt) for the khayr you're supporting without thinking about it.

Continue Reading
.
.
.
.

MuslimMatters NewsLetter in Your Inbox

Sign up below to get started

.
Ads by Muslim Ad Network
.
.
.

Trending

you're currently offline