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A Seeker’s Guide To Arabic Studies In Egypt – Part II

Guests

By Hamza Vohra

[…continued from Part I]

 

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What is the difference between Group Study and Private Study?

Private:

a) The biggest advantage of private study is that your instructor can put all of his/her focus on you. You may ask your teacher endless questions throughout the lesson, have extra practice or more enhanced homework on areas you are weaker in, and have all aspects of the lesson tailored towards your individual needs. Although I mentioned that there is the presence of a system at an institute, that does not go to say that you may not have a structured syllabus with a private instructor. Many students who study privately are also given exams throughout their period of study. However, this depends on the instructor and therefore these details must be clarified beforehand.

*Not having classmates may perhaps impede your conversational ability. However, as long as there is plenty of conversation between the student and the instructor throughout the class, your conversational progression will be above par.

*I recommend four hours of private study a day. Anything more may indicate that you are going through the material too fast. It is pivotal that a student does not fly through the material without properly absorbing it. Too often, eager students rush through the textbooks and are not cautioned enough by their private instructors. As a result, all is forgotten in a short time frame.

b) A disadvantage of private study is the aspect of uncertainty and unreliability. Private tuition truly depends on who your teacher is and if he cares about your progression in the language. All teachers at institutes are pre-approved and evaluated by the administration, and therefore you do not have this issue. With private study however, you do not know how things will play out. You rely on word of mouth from other students, and in many cases, things can work out well. Some instructors are incredible teachers and having them tutor you one-on-one is a tremendous blessing. A good teacher will provide you with ample homework, incorporate a syllabus, have you constantly implement your reading, listening, writing, speaking capabilities, and test you from time to time. The reliability aspect of the instructor is paramount. In many scenarios of private study, teachers are late to the appointed class time, cancel classes, or in much rarer cases, suddenly discontinue instruction all together.

*Private study fees as of late is about 60 Junays per hour.

 

CURRICULUM

What curriculum is used to teach?

This may differ from institute to institute, or from private instructor to private instructor. However, generally speaking, most institutes and private tutors utilize a book known as Arabiyatu Bayna Yadaik (all parts) as their main text book.

Grammar is initially taught using Ajaroomiyya and then supplemented by an array of options including: Mutammimatul Ajaroomiyya, Nahw Al Kafi, or Nahw Al Wadih, etc.

*The entire syllabus takes about 12-16 months. Of course, this varies depending on a student’s background knowledge of Arabic. In that case, the student is tested and placed on a level suitable for him/her. I highly recommend coming to Egypt with the intent to complete the entire syllabus, or at least to stay for about a year’s duration if he/she is starting from scratch. That way a student can really prosper from his/her immersion into the language.

*Arabic studies in Egypt is catered towards both males and females. Most institutes have group classes for females also, and female instructors for private study can also be found.

*I cannot stress enough the importance of speaking ONLY Arabic  during your period of stay in Egypt -with roommates, classmates, schoolmates, or the locals. You will hardly find students who will abide by this, but the students who do progress so much faster, and their grasp of the language is far greater than those who don’t. Although locals will speak in the Egyptian dialect, they will understand your “fussha” or classical Arabic.

 

SAFETY

Is Egypt safe?

I believe safety is the biggest concern for parents and for ourselves before travelling abroad. I have never had an issue in my one year of stay in Egypt, alhamdulillah. There are certain instances where police officers have asked students for their passports to verify if they have a valid visa. They have further investigated their phones also. This occasionally happens if the person is noticeably a foreigner and is wearing a “thobe”. Other than that, I have not been made aware of any other issues. Unfortunately however, instability in the region is always a concern.

 

*I avoided wearing a “thobe” in Egypt (athough all my friends did so) so as not to warrant unnecessary attention from authorities.

*Avoid calling/texting while walking on the streets. Plenty of students have had their phones snatched right out of their hands by street thieves.

*Visas are renewed by authorizing your rent contract at a building in Hayy Saabi’ of Nasr City, Cairo called Shahrul Aqaari and presenting your stamped contract and your passport to the Nasr City police station. This is for residents of Nasr City. Rules are subject to change. You are unable to have your contract authorized with an expired visa.

 

The pursuit of guidance and beneficial knowledge will always be a path of sacrifice. Studying abroad in a country and culture that is unknown to you can be arduous. Despite that, there is an unexplainable pleasure a student finds in knowing that he is seeking Allah’s subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) pleasure above all else. lt is precisely for this reason the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) said:

مَنْ سَلَكَ طَرِيقًا يَلْتَمِسُ فِيهِ عِلْمًا سَهَّلَ اللَّهُ لَهُ بِهِ طَرِيقًا إِلَى الْجَنَّةِ

“Whoever travels a path in search of knowledge, Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) will make easy for him a path to Paradise.”

 

I ask Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) to bless you towards that which pleases Him, and to increase you in piety and consciousness.

 

 

Hamza Vohra is a graduate from UConn with a B.Sc. in Biology and a minor in Psychology. He is currently a student at the Islamic University of Madinah, furthering his knowledge of the Islamic sciences.

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#Islam

30 Khawaatir in 30 Days- A Parent’s Guide | Day 10: The Dua’ of Umm Salama

Now that we have learnt about a good word, let’s talk about the dua’ of Umm Salama.

Today I’m going to share with you a story of a very important woman in Islamic history named Umm Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her). She was a female companion, which means she was a sahaabiya (female companion)

Umm Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) was one of the first people to embrace Islam and she was one of the few Muslims who actually performed the hijrah twice. 

Question: Who can tell me what a hijrah is?

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A hijrah is when someone leaves a place they are in for the sake of Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He). The first hijrah was to Ethiopia, where a just Christian ruler named Najashi took in a group of Muslims and took good care of them. 

So Umm Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) and Abu Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) went to Ethiopia. After some time living there, they really wanted to go back to Mecca so that they could be next to the Prophet Muhammad ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) and learn everything about Islam. As they waited patiently, news traveled all the way to Africa saying that the Muslims were no longer getting persecuted because Umar ibn al-Khattab raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) and Hamza raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him), the uncle of the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him), had embraced Islam. 

Umm Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) and Abu Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) decided to return back to Mecca, and when they did, they realized that it was only a rumor and that the Muslims were still being tortured by Quraysh. So, when the Prophet Muhammad ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) instructed all of the Muslims of Mecca to leave to Madina for the second hijrah, they wasted no time getting ready. 

Question: Do you see how they were so active and didn’t take their Islam for granted?

As Umm Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) was about to mount her camel, her tribe, the Banu Makhzum, came and told Abu Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) that they would not allow him to take Umm Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) to Madina. Then Abu Salama’s tribe, the Banu Asad, takes Salama, his child, away.  Abu Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) could not defend himself against all of these men, so he sets off to Madina.

In just one day Umm Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) lost her husband and her child, and she suffers so much because of it. She is in a lot of pain. After some time her cousin starts to feel sorry for her and speaks to the tribes on her behalf. He is then able to reunite her with her son. Then after a year of waiting, Umm Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) is finally able to meet her husband in Madina. 

Abu Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) was known to be a very caring husband and courageous man. He fought in the Battle of Badr as well as in the Battle of Uhud. In Uhud, he received a wound that he wasn’t able to recover from. 

Umm Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) was so sad the day Abu Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) died, but the Prophet Muhammad ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) taught her to recite a beautiful dua’:

إِنَّا لله وإنا إليه راجعون اللهم أجرني في مصيبتي وأخلف لي خيرا منها 

“We belong to Allah and to Allah is our return. Oh Allah, reward me for my calamity, and replace my loss with something better.”

Umm Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) recited this dua’, but in her mind she thought, “Who can be better than Abu Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him)?” 

After a few months passed, Umar ibn al-Khattab raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) proposed to Umm Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her), but she said no. 

Then, Abu Bakr raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) proposed to Umm Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her), but again she said no. 

Then, the Prophet Muhammad ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) proposed to Umm Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) and she accepted. So now, she was not only the mother of Salama, but the mother of all of the believers until the end of time! 

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This Eid And Beyond Boycott Goods Made With Enslaved Labor Of Uyghurs Even If It Is Your Favorite Brand

Bidding farewell to Ramadan, celebrating Eid?

Well, the Muslims of East Turkestan under Chinese occupation had neither Ramadan nor will they have Eid…

Not only that, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) run government has transferred Uyghurs and other ethnic minority citizens from East Turkestan to factories across the country. Under conditions that strongly suggest forced labour, Uyghurs are working in factories that are in the supply chains of at least 83 well-known global brands in the technology, clothing and automotive sectors, including Nike, Gap, Adidas, Ralph Lauren, Carters and others. Read Uyghurs for Sale for more information

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MuslimMatters has been a free service to the community since 2007. All it takes is a small gift from a reader like you to keep us going, for just $2 / month.

The Prophet (SAW) has taught us the best of deeds are those that done consistently, even if they are small. Click here to support MuslimMatters with a monthly donation of $2 per month. Set it and collect blessings from Allah (swt) for the khayr you're supporting without thinking about it.

CCP is also pressuring governments across the world to extradite Uyghurs back to occupied East Turkestan.

Here is what you can do to help them:

Action Items

  1. Keep making dua for the oppressed of East Turkistan and the world.
  2. Boycott Chinese products! Do not be complicit in slave labour. Start with focusing on the companies in the graphic. Share it with #SewnWithtTears, #StopChina, #BoycottChina. Write to them and demand that they do better.
  3. Raise awareness on the plight of Uyghurs and the East Turkistani cause. Learn more at SaveUighur.org
  4. Work towards reducing your country’s economic dependence on China.
  5. Build alliances with all people of conscience to demand a cessation of China’s oppression of all faith groups, be it Muslim Uyghur, Hui; Chinese Christian; or Tibetan Buddhist.
  6. Encourage and promote fairer trade and commerce with Muslims and others rather than China.
  7. Inquire about Uyghur diaspora members in your area. Organize to help out orphans, widows, and students.
  8. Pressure governments to provide legal protection to Uyghur refugees-exiles by granting either citizenship or refugee/asylee status. Stop the “extradition/repatriation” of Uyghurs to China!
  9. Get your universities/endowments to divest from China. Raise awareness about Chinese espionage and hired guns in academia. Demand academic and financial support for Uyghur scholars and students. Request more academic attention and funds for Central Asian, Uyghur, Turkistani studies. 

Read a greater discussion of action items in A Response to Habib Ali Al-Jifri’s Comments on the Uyghurs, which also contains a greater discussion on East Turkistan’s history and its current situation. A condensed Arabic version of the article can be found here

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#Islam

30 Khawaatir in 30 Days- A Parent’s Guide | Day 9: A Good Word

Now that we have learnt about the life of this world, let’s talk about a good word.

I want you all to close your eyes and think of a beautiful tree. 

Question: Who can tell me what their tree looks like? Is the tree big and strong? Does it have lots of branches and leaves? Does it have fruit?

Now, I want you to think of a time when someone said something really nice to you.

Question:  What are some of the nice statements you remember people telling you?

Question: How did those statements make you feel?

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Yes, they fill us up with a warm feeling. We may have felt proud of ourselves and we may have felt loved. Do you know that Allah [wt] describes a good word to a good tree? 

In Surah Ibrahim, Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) says:

أَلَمْ تَرَ كَيْفَ ضَرَبَ اللَّهُ مَثَلًا كَلِمَةً طَيِّبَةً كَشَجَرَةٍ طَيِّبَةٍ أَصْلُهَا ثَابِتٌ وَفَرْعُهَا فِي السَّمَاءِ 

تُؤْتِي أُكُلَهَا كُلَّ حِينٍ بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهَا ۗ وَيَضْرِبُ اللَّهُ الْأَمْثَالَ لِلنَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَذَكَّرُونَ 

Have you not considered how Allah presents an example, [making] a good word like a good tree, whose root is firmly fixed and its branches [high] in the sky? [Surah Ibrahim; 24]

It produces its fruit all the time, by permission of its Lord. And Allah presents examples for the people that perhaps they will be reminded. [Surah Ibrahim; 25]

Question: Now, I want you to think of a time when someone said something mean to you. How did that make you feel?

It’s not fun to remember the mean stuff right? Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) continues in Surah Ibrahim and says:

وَمَثَلُ كَلِمَةٍ خَبِيثَةٍ كَشَجَرَةٍ خَبِيثَةٍ اجْتُثَّتْ مِن فَوْقِ الْأَرْضِ مَا لَهَا مِن قَرَارٍ

And the example of a bad word is like a bad tree, uprooted from the surface of the earth, not having any stability. [Surah Ibrahim; 26] 

Question: What do you think are good words we can use to build strong, firmly rooted trees?

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