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Riyad as-Saliheen Series | Hadith 57 – Truthfulness

57.  Abu Thabit from Sahl bin Hunaif raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) said: The Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) said: “He who truthfully asks Allāh for martyrdom (Shahadah), Allāh will raise him to the high status of the martyrs, even if he dies on his bed.” [Muslim]

Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen [ra] says in his explanation of Allāh this hadith:

This hadith was mentioned by the author, may Allāh have mercy on him, in the chapter about Truthfulness, and the relevant (part) of it is his ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) statement: “He who truthfully asks Allāh for Shahadah.”  And Shahadah is a high status (which comes) after Siddeeqiyyah (being a siddeeq or speaker of truth), as Allāh subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) had said:

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And whoso obeys Allāh and the Messenger (Muhammad ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him)), then they will be in the company of those on whom Allāh has bestowed His Grace, of the Prophets, the Siddiqun, the martyrs, and the righteous. And how excellent these companions are! [Surah An-Nisa’, 69]

And Shahadah is of many types:

From them: Shahadah (bearing witness) on the laws of Allāh subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) over the slaves of Allāh, and this is the Shahadah of the scholars which Allāh has said about it:

Allāh bears witness that La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), and the angels, and those having knowledge (also give this witness); (He is always) maintaining His creation in Justice. La ilah illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the All-Mighty, the All-Wise. [Surah , Aal-‘Imran, 18]

And many of the scholars have explained His statement: (And the martyrs) that they are the scholars, and no doubt that the scholars are witnesses (Shuhadaa’), they bear witness that Allāh subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) has sent His Messenger Muhammad ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) with the guidance and true religion.  And they (the scholars) bear witness over the Ummah that it delivered the Shari’ah of Allāh, and they bear witness regarding the laws of Allāh: This is Halal, and this is Haram, and this is obligatory, and this is recommended, and this is disliked.  And no one knows this except the people of knowledge, and that is why they were witnesses.

And also from among the Shuhadaa’ are:  The one who dies of plague, the one who dies of a stomach disease, the one who dies of a fire, the one who drowns, and their likes.

And from the Shuhadaa’: Those who die in the path of Allāh.

And from the Shuhadaa’: Those who are killed defending their wealth and selves, as the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) said when a man asked him: “O Prophet of Allāh, what about if a man came to me asking for my money (meaning to take it by force).”  The Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) said: “Don’t give him your money.”  So the man said: “What if he fights me?”  The Prophet said: “Fight him (back).”  The man asked: “What if he kills me?”  The Prophet peace be upon him said: “Then you are a martyr.”  The man asked: “What if I kill him?”  The Prophet said: “(Then) he is in the hell-fire.” (Because he is a transgressing oppressor).  [Narrated by Muslim]

And the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) said: “Whoever is killed defending himself is a shaheed (martyr), whoever is killed defending his family is a shaheed, whoever is killed defending his property is a shaheed, [and whoever is killed defending his religion is a shaheed].” [Narrated by Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, and Nisa’i. Classed as Sahih by Sheikh Al-Albani rahimahullah]

And also from among the Shuhadaa’ is:  The one who is killed unjustly, such as if a person transgresses upon him and kills him unjustly, then he is a shaheed.

But the highest Shuhadaa’ are the ones who are killed in the path of Allāh, as Allāh subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) said:

Think not of those who are killed in the Way of Allāh as dead. Nay, they are alive, with their Lord, and they have provision. They rejoice in what Allāh has bestowed upon them of His Bounty, rejoicing for the sake of those who have not yet joined them, but are left behind (not yet martyred) that on them no fear shall come, nor shall they grieve. They rejoice in a Grace and a Bounty from Allāh, and that Allāh will not waste the reward of the believers. [Surah , Aal-‘Imran, , 169-171]

Those Shuhadaa’ (who are) mentioned in this verse are: Those who fought so that the word of Allāh is the highest, and they did not fight for personal gains, and they did not fight for their personal wealth, but rather they fought so that the word of Allāh is the highest, as the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) said when he was asked about the man who fights to be courageous and the one who fights out of zeal and the one who fights so that his status is seen (by others), which one of those is in the path of Allāh?  The Prophet peace be upon him said: “Whoever fights so that the word of Allāh is the highest, then he is (fighting) in the path of Allāh.” [Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim]

This scale is a scale of justice, a scale which the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) has placed (for the) person to weigh his deeds in is not vulnerable to corruption.

So whoever fights for this word then he is in the path of Allāh, if you are killed then you are a martyr, and if you gain (something) then you are happy, as Allāh subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) said:

Say: “Do you wait for us (anything) except one of the two best things (martyrdom or victory); while we await for you either that Allāh will afflict you with a punishment from Himself or at our hands. So wait, we too are waiting with you.”  Surah At-Taubah, 52]

Meaning either Allāh will punish you and protect us from your evil, as Allāh subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) did with the parties which gathered upon Medina wanting to fight the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him), so Allāh sent upon them wind and soldiers and he casted fear in their hearts, (Or by our hands) as what happened in (the battle of) Badr, where Allāh punished the polytheists at the hands of the Messenger ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) and (the hands of) his companions raḍyAllāhu 'anhum (may Allāh be pleased with them), then that is the one who fights so that the word of Allāh is the highest, he is a Shaheed.

So if the person asks his Lord and says: O Allāh, I ask you for martyrdom in your path- and martyrdom is not (achieved) except by fighting so that the word of Allāh is the highest- then if Allāh subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) knows from that person sincerity in (his) statement and intention, He will grant him the status of martyrs, even if he dies on his own bed.

One thing that is left upon us (to discuss) is the one who fights defending his country: Is he in the path of Allāh or not?

We say: If you were fighting on behalf of your country because it is an Islamic country so you want to protect it because it is an Islamic country then that is in the path of Allāh, because you have fought so that the word of Allāh is the highest.

As for if you fought only because it is your home country then that is not in the path of Allāh, because the criteria which the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) has set does not apply to it- whoever fights so that the word of Allāh is the highest then he is in the path of Allāh, and everything besides that then it is not in the path of Allāh- and that is why we should correct for the person his intention in fighting to defend his country, whereby he intends by it that he fights in defense of this country because it is an Islamic country so he wants to protect the Islam which is in it, and by that he will be- if he is killed- a martyr who gets the reward of martyrs, and if he gains (something) then he will become happy and wins, either he will win the dunyah (world) or he will win the akhirah (hereafter), and this issue has already been discussed earlier.  And Allāh (is the One who) gives Tawfeeq (Guidance).

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4 Comments

4 Comments

  1. Avatar

    Asad

    November 8, 2012 at 8:59 AM

    MashaAllah.. amazing Hadith and very knowledgable and enlightening…. May Allah(SWT) give us life of good deeds and death as martyres… Jazakallah

  2. Avatar

    Qurantutor

    November 14, 2012 at 6:59 AM

    Assalum u alikum;
    It really impressing article. The concept of martyrdom (shahada) in Islam can only be understood in the light of the Islamic concept. When recited by an expert, the Qur’an is hauntingly beautiful. Indeed, the authenticity of the Qur’an has traditionally been demonstrated by challenging any poet to produce more beautiful Arabic verse. Not one has ever succeeded.

  3. Avatar

    Zia-e-Taiba

    October 31, 2016 at 7:49 AM

  4. Avatar

    Amatullah

    November 1, 2016 at 4:23 AM

    But what if the country u live in gets attacked? U are allowed to defend yourself to defend ur country! Like In kudistan for example the IS wants to come in but our strong peschmerga dont allow it alhamdhulilah they defend and protect us.

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#Islam

30 Khawaatir in 30 Days- A Parent’s Guide | Day 14: Making Our Intentions Big

Now that we have learnt about the Prophet Adam 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) and the Shaytan, let’s now talk about Prophet Adam 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) and the Shaytan.

Question: Have any of you heard the phrase:  إنما الأعمال بالنية  (innamal ’amaalu bi-niyyaat)? Does anyone know what it means? 

It means that actions are judged by their intentions. 

Question: What does it mean to intend something? Do you need to say your intention out loud?

An intention is something that you feel internally – it is the ‘why’ behind your actions. 

Question: Do you think we always make intentions behind the things we do?

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If we really tried to make an intention behind every small thing, it would probably cause us some frustration. Most of our actions are done out of habit anyway; like making our beds, brushing our teeth, and making our meals. But, what if we started to be more intentional with the way we operated? What good do you think could come out of it?

Maybe we wouldn’t be so quick to lose our temper. Maybe we could get even more hasanat (reward) for transforming our ordinary chores into extraordinary acts of worship!

One day, Imam ash-Shafi’, a great scholar of Islam -may Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) be pleased with him-, had some students over at his house when they heard someone knock on the door. One of his students went to answer the door, and Imam ash-Shafi’ stopped him and asked him what he was doing.

“I’m going to answer the door,” the student replied.

Imam ash-Shafi’ said, “Before you answer the door, make the intention that if it is a poor person seeking help, you will give them charity. And if it is a guest, that you will host them.” 

Something as simple as answering the door became a way to get lots of rewards! How? Well, whenever we make a good intention, we get the reward for it even if we are unable to do it. That’s how generous Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) is, and Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) can reward a good intention up to 700 times!

I want each of you to pick something ordinary that you always do and make your intention behind it very big! 

[A parent can give the example of washing the dishes: Intend to have a clean home, intend to make dhikr while washing the dishes, intend to have clean plates and utensils for us to be nourished and well fed, all so that we can be healthy and remember Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) and His blessings etc.]

Now, who wants to share?

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30 Khawaatir in 30 Days- A Parent’s Guide | Day 13: Prophet Adam and the Shaytan

Now that we have learnt about Prophet Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) and overcoming fear, let’s now talk about Prophet Adam 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) and the Shaytan.

Adam 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) and Shaytan both made mistakes, but one is going to be rewarded and the other punished. 

Question: Can anyone tell me the one mistake that Adam 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) and Hawa made? 

Yes! They ate from a tree that Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) told them not to eat from. What did they do after they made a mistake?

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They asked Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) to forgive them. They said:

رَبَّنَا ظَلَمْنَا أَنفُسَنَا وَإِن لَّمْ تَغْفِرْ لَنَا وَتَرْحَمْنَا لَنَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ 

“Our Lord, we have wronged ourselves, and if You do not forgive us and have mercy upon us, we will surely be among the losers.” [Surah Al-A’raf; 23]

Alhamdulillah, Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) accepted their tawba (repentance), and forgave them.

Question: What sin did the Shaytan commit?

Yes, he refused to bow down to Adam 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) even though Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) commanded him to do so. When Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) asked him why he refused to bow down, Shaytan responded by saying:

أَنَا خَيْرٌ مِّنْهُ خَلَقْتَنِي مِن نَّارٍ وَخَلَقْتَهُ مِن طِينٍ 

“I am better than him. You created me from fire and you created him from clay.” [Surat Al-A’raf; 12]

Question: Did Shaytan ask Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) to forgive him?

No, instead he promises that he will try his very best to lead those that believe in Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) on the wrong path. 

Question: What trait is that called, when you know you did something wrong but you refuse to ask for forgiveness?

Shaytan is arrogant in front of Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He), while Prophet Adam 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) knows that every blessing he has is due to Allah’s subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) generosity.

Do you see the difference between the two? As long as we continue coming back to Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He), we need to have firm faith that Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) will forgive us. 

Let’s read this beautiful Hadith Qudsi together:

قَالَ اللهُ تَعَالَى : يَا ابْنَ ادَمَ ، إِنَّكَ مَا دَعَوْتََنِي وَرَجَوْتَنِي ، غَفَرْتُ لَكَ عَلَى مَا كَانَ مِنْكَ وَلَا أُبالِي . يا ابْنَ ادَمَ :لَوْ بَلَغَتْ ذُنُوبُكَ عَنانَ السَّماءِ ثُم اسْتَغْفَرْتَني ، غَفَرْتُ لَكَ . يَا ابْنَ ادَمَ : إِنَّكَ لَوْ أَتَيْتَنِي بِقُرَابِ الأَرْضِ خَطَايا ثُمَّ لَقِيتَني لَا تُشْرِكُ بِي شَيْأً ، لَأَتيْتُكَ بِقُرَابِها مَغْفِرَةً

I heard the Prophet Muhammad ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) say: Allah the Almighty has said: “O son of Adam, so long as you call upon Me and ask of Me, I shall forgive you for what you have done, and I shall not mind. O son of Adam, were your sins to reach the clouds of the sky and were you then to ask forgiveness of Me, I would forgive you. O son of Adam, were you to come to Me with sins nearly as great as the earth and were you then to face Me, ascribing no partner to Me, I would bring you forgiveness nearly as great as it.” [Tirmidhi]

So let’s never lose hope in the mercy of Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) and always remember to turn back to Him whenever we sin or make mistakes! 

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30 Khawaatir in 30 Days- A Parent’s Guide | Day 12: Prophet Musa and Overcoming Fear

Now that we have learnt about gratitude, let’s talk about Prophet Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) and overcoming fear.

I want you to close your eyes and think of a moment when you were afraid. 

Question: How did you feel? Did you feel like running away? Does anyone want to share that moment with us now?

Did you know that the Prophets also felt scared sometimes? 

Question: Can anyone tell me a time when a Prophet was scared?

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There was a time when Prophet Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) saw a fire in the distance, and he went to see if there was anyone there because he was lost with his family. There, he spoke to Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He)! Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) asked him about his staff and told him to throw it down. 

Question: Does anyone know what happened when Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) threw down the staff?

Yes! It became a snake! How did Prophet Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) react when it became a slithering snake? He ran away! He was so scared! 

Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) told him not to be scared, and that Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) would return it to its original form- a staff.

A little while later, Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) told Prophet Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) to go and speak to Pharoah. Now, we know that Pharoah was one of the worst humans to ever live. He did very evil things and treated the people of Israel very poorly. Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) was scared to speak to Pharoah, but Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) calmed his fears and told him that He subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) is with him, and that He will allow Prophet Musa’s 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) brother -Prophet Harun 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him)– to accompany him for support. This helps Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) feel calm for his meeting with Pharaoh. 

After he meets Pharoah and the magicians become Muslim, Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) takes the Bani Israel (the Children of Israel) with him, and they escape from the clutches of Pharoah and his soldiers until they see the Red Sea. Now, Bani Israel start to lose hope. They say,  “إِنَّا لَمُدْرَكُونَ” (We will surely be overtaken!)

Question: How do you think Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) responds?

Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) sees Pharoah and his soldiers galloping at a great speed about to attack him and his people, and instead of being afraid and running away he says: 

كَلَّا ۖ إِنَّ مَعِيَ رَبِّي سَيَهْدِينِ 

“No! Indeed, I have my Lord, He will guide me!”  [Surah Ash-Shu’ara;62]

And that’s when Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) strikes his staff, and Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) parts the Red Sea and saves  the Children of Israel from the clutches of Pharaoh and his men!

Question: What was the journey that Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) took with his fear? 

First his fear was a physical response, and he runs away from the snake. Then he feels fear inside his heart, because he is so worried about confronting Pharaoh. But he realizes that without fail,  Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) is always there to guide him and help. So, when the Children of Israel feel afraid, Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him)  knows to feel assured and confident that Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) is on his side.

So, every time you feel afraid, remember that Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) is always with you. He subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) hears and sees everything.

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