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The Supplication Series

Ramadan Duaa Series: Best of Both Worlds

Gateway to all Ramadan related posts on MM

Bismillah

Alhamdulillah, based on the positive feedback from last week, we’ve decided to post two duaas today and one more on Thursday inshaAllah.

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These next two duaas encompass the best of both worlds–Allah’s Love, guidance, taqwa, chastity and contentment.

Allah’s Love

We all say we love Allah azza wa jal, but does He Love us? This week’s first duaa is one that asks for the Love of Allah ta’ala in all of its forms.

The Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam narrated this duaa in a Hasan (good) hadeeth in Tirmidhi and Ahmad:

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ حُبَّكَ وَحُبَّ مَنْ يُحِبُّكَ وَحُبَّ عَمَلٍ يُقَرِّبُنِي إِلَى حُبِّكَ

Allāhumma Innī As’aluka Ḥubbaka Wa Ḥubba Man Yuḥibbuka Wa Ḥubba cAmalin Yuqarribunī Ilā Ḥubbika

O Allah, I ask You for Your Love, and the love of whoever loves You, and the love of deeds that will bring me closer to Your Love.

Word for Word Translation and Analysis

Allāhumma: O Allah. Last week we covered why Allahumma is special.

Innī: Indeed I

As’aluka: I ask You

Ḥubbaka: (for) Your Love. Hubb is a love that you have for someone or something that you keep inside of you. It is an inner feeling of admiration and fondness.

Wa: and

Ḥubba: love

Man: whoever

Yuḥibbuka: he loves You

Wa: and

Ḥubba: love

cAmalin: deeds/actions

Yuqarribunī: it will bring me closer

Ilā: to/towards

Ḥubbika: Your Love

Memorize this duaa: [audio:http://muslimmatters.org/audio/dua/2.mp3]

Download it here.

Points of Benefit

  • Although this duaa is a great way for us to gain the Love of Allah, we have to couple this duaa with actions. It is foolish to think that Allah will love us if we continue to sin without repenting or act in a way that contradicts our Deen. The Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam narrated how we can gain Allah’s Love in a hadeeth qudsi. Allah azza wa jal said: “The most beloved things with which My slave comes nearer to Me, is what I have enjoined upon him (i.e., the obligatory); and My slave keeps on coming closer to Me through performing Nawafil (praying or doing extra deeds besides what is obligatory) till I love him, so I become his sense of hearing with which he hears, and his sense of sight with which he sees, and his hand with which he grips, and his leg with which he walks; and if he asks Me, I will give him, and if he asks My protection (Refuge), I will protect him; (i.e. give him My Refuge) and I do not hesitate to do anything as I hesitate to take the soul of the believer, for he hates death, and I hate to disappoint him.” ” [Bukhari]
  • From this above hadeeth we also learn that Allah’s Love guarantees His Protection and Guidance. Allah ta’ala says in this hadeeth that He, The Lord of the Heavens and Earth and all that is between them, hates to disappoint His slave! We can all be that slave if we strive to gain the Love of Allah.
  • Loving Allah means you have emaan. Allah ta’ala says in surah Baqarah,

وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَشَدُّ حُبًّا لِّلَّهِ

But those who believe, are stronger in love for Allah. (2:165)

  • Loving Allah means that you follow the Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam. Allah azza wa jal commands the Prophet alayhi salaatu wa salaam to say, “If you (really) love Allah then follow me, Allah will love you and forgive you of your sins. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”’ (3:31)
  • Allah’s Love means everyone else will love you. The Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam said, “When Allah loves a slave, He calls out Jibril and says: ‘I love so-and-so; so love him’. Then Jibril loves him. After that he (Jibril) announces to the inhabitants of heavens that Allah loves so-and-so; so love him; and the inhabitants of the heavens (the angels) also love him and then make people on earth love him”.[Bukhari and Muslim]
  • Why do we ask for the love of those who love Allah? It is because by loving them and having their love, we can also attain the love of Allah. Abu Hurayrah radi Allahu anhu reported: The Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam said, “A man set out to visit a brother (in Faith) in another town and Allah sent an angel on his way. When the man met the angel, the latter asked him, “Where do you intend to go?” He said, “I intend to visit my brother in this town”. The angel said, “Have you done any favor to him?” He said, “No, I have no desire except to visit him because I love him for the sake of Allah, the Exalted, and Glorious.” Thereupon the angel said, “I am a messenger to you from Allah (to inform you) that Allah loves you as you love him (for His sake).”[Muslim]
  • Another reason for asking for the love of those who love Allah is because we will be with the ones we love on the Day of Judgment. When a companion was worried that he wouldn’t make it to Jannah with the Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam, the Prophet replied, “a man will be with those whom he loves.” [Bukhari]. Anas radi Allahu anhu said nothing made the people of Madinah more happier than those words.
  • Loving the righteous is a characteristic of the believers. Ibn as-Sammak said on his deathbed,  “O Allah! You Know that, even if I had disobeyed You, I loved those who obeyed You! So, make this for me a means of nearness to You!” [Al-Ihya] Abdullah ibn Umar radi Allahu anhuma said, “By Allah, if I fasted all day without eating, prayed all night without sleeping, spent all of my wealth in the Path of Allah, but, had no love in my heart for those who obey Allah, and no hatred in my heart for those who disobey Allah, none of this would benefit me in the least.” [Al-Ihya]
  • Loving one another is a means of gaining emaan. The Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam said, “You shall not believe until you love another.” [Bukhari]
  • Loving Allah is one of the ways to taste the sweetness of Emaan. The Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam said, “There are three qualities whoever has them, will taste the sweetness of Emaan: To love Allah and His Messenger more than anyone else; to love a slave (of Allah) only for (the sake of) Allah; and to abhor returning to disbelief after Allah has saved him from it as he would abhor to be thrown into the fire (of Hell)”. [Bukhari and Muslim].
  • The benefits of Allah’s Love are too numerous too list, so here is some further reading: Causes that Bring about Love for the Lord of the Worlds, Love, Fear and Hope, Love of Allah, The Heaven of This World.

We ask Allah ta’ala to make us among those who He Loves, among those that love one another for His Sake and guide us to what He Loves, Ameen.

Guidance, Taqwa, Chastity and Contentment

In Saheeh Muslim it is related that Abdullah ibn Mas’ood radi Allahu anhu narrated that the Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam used to supplicate,

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ الهُدَى وَ التُّقَى وَ العَفَافَ وَ الغِنَى

Allāhumma Innī As’aluka al-Hudā Wat-Tuqā Wal-cAfāfa Wal-Ghinā

“O Allah, I ask You for guidance, piety, abstinence (from the unlawful) and modesty, and contentment and sufficiency.”

Word for Word Translation and Analysis

Allāhumma: O Allah

Innī: Indeed I

As’aluka: I ask You

al-Hudā: The guidance. Huda comes from hidayah which means to guide someone with care and affection. Hidayah includes three components: 1- to show one the path, 2- to help them ‘walk’ along the path, 3- to guide them until they reach their destination. Allah ta’ala not only shows us the straight path, but He assists us in staying firm upon it and by His Will and Mercy, reaching our destination of Jannah in the hereafter.

Wat-Tuqā: And the consciousness of You. Tuqa is the ‘masdar’ (verbal noun, i.e., the idea) of the word we are more familiar with, taqwa. Taqwa literally means to take shield from something and to be on one’s guard. The purpose of a shield is to protect, so taqwa is the consciousness that saves a person from the punishment of Allah. Out of the fear of Allah one avoids sins and seeks to perform good to save themselves from His Punishment. Allah ta’ala calls taqwa the best provision in the Qur’an, read about some of its virtues here.

Wal-cAfāfa: And the abstinence from the unlawful, chastity. ‘Afaaf comes from the root which means to restrain or be abstinent from what is not permissible. From this meaning, modesty and virtue is also derived. Here in this duaa, we are asking Allah for chastity and to protect us from falling into what is haraam.

Wal-Ghinā: And the contentment and sufficiency. Ghina comes from ghani which means to be self-sufficient, rich and to flourish. Allah ta’ala is Al-Ghaniyy which means He is Rich and Free from all needs. When a human is ‘ghani’ it means they do not need the help of other people, meaning they suffice themselves, and they have wealth. Many times this word is used in the negative context in the Qur’an (referring to people like Abu Jahl), but in this duaa it means sufficiency and being content with what Allah has given you.

Memorize this duaa: [audio:http://muslimmatters.org/audio/dua/7.mp3]

Download it here.

Points of Benefit

Imam Nawawi rahimahullah states in the commentary of this hadeeth in Riyadh as-Saaliheen:

This Hadeeth contains four words, the meanings and implications of which constitute its essence. These words are guidance, piety (taqwa, fear of Allah), chastity and sufficiency. Guidance here means guidance at every turn of life and steadfastness on the path of truth. Fear of Allah is the greatest means of piety and strongest defense against sins. Chastity is the state of being free from what is unlawful. Self-sufficiency is the antonym of poverty and here it means the self-contentment. What it implies is that one should not care for what people possess. In view of all these qualities, the prayer of the Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam mentioned in this Hadeeth is very comprehensive and valuable.

Imam Sa’di rahimahullah said regarding this duaa in his book, Bahjatul Quloobul-Abraar:

“This duaa  is from the most comprehensive and beneficial duaas, since it includes asking Allah for well-being with regards to both the Religion and the world.

Thus, al-hudaa (the guidance) is beneficial knowledge, and at-tuqaa (i.e. taqwa or piety) is righteous actions and leaving-off what Allah and His Messenger have forbidden; and this is (asking) for correctness and well-being of a person’s Religion.

For indeed, the Religion comprises of beneficial knowledge and recognizing the truth – which is guidance – and standing firm upon obedience to Allah and His Messenger sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam – and this is piety.

And al-‘afaafa (abstinence from unlawful) and al-ghinaa (contentment and sufficiency) comprises of being safe from (the harms of) the creation and that the heart is not attached to them.

And it also comprises of being content with Allah and what He provides, and seeking whatever will cause the heart to be satisfied with Him. So with this, happiness in this worldly life is completed, and the heart tastes true sweetness and delight – and this is a goodly life.

So whosoever is granted the provision of guidance, piety, well-being and contentment has indeed achieved true happiness, and has acquired all that could be possibly sought after, as well as being saved from all that is dreadful and frightening.” Excerpt from the introduction to ‘al-Khushoo fis-Salat’ of Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali)

  • Honor lies in Taqwa. Allah ta’ala says in surah Hujurat, “the most honorable among you are those who have taqwa.” (49:13)
  • Being content is very difficult without emaan. The Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam said “If a son of Adam were to own a valley full of gold, he would desire to have two. Nothing can fill his mouth except the dust (of the grave). Allah turns with mercy to him who turns to Him in repentance”. [Bukhari and Muslim] The Prophet sal Allahu alayhi sallam connected greediness and repentance in this hadeeth.
  • When you focus on the hereafter, Allah will make you content.  The Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam said, “For the ones whose concern is this world Allah will scatter his affair, and place poverty between his two eyes. And he will not get from the world except what is written for him. And for the one whose intention is the hereafter Allah will gather for him his affair and place contentment in his heart, and the world will come to him willingly.‌” [ibn Maajah, Saheeh al-Jaami’]
  • Allah ta’ala does not love those who are extravagant, He says, “and eat and drink but waste not by extravagance, certainly He (Allah) likes not those who waste by extravagance.” (7:31)
  • How many of us possess the world? The Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam said, “Whosoever begins the day feeling family security and good health; and possessing provision for his day is as though he possessed the whole world.” [Saheeh ibn Maajah]
  • Be simple! Abu Umamah bin Tha’labah radi Allahu anhu reported: The Companions of Messenger of Allah sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam mentioned the life of the world before him. He sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam said, “Do you not hear? Do you not hear? Simplicity (in life) is part of Faith, simplicity is part of Faith.”[Abu Dawood,  Saheeh Abi Dawood]

May Allah azza wa jal forgive us and grant us guidance, chastity, piety and sufficieny. Ameen.

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Amatullah is a student of the Qur'an and its language. She completed the 2007 Ta'leem program at Al-Huda Institute in Canada and studied Qur'an, Tajwid (science of recitation) and Arabic in Cairo. Through her writings, she hopes to share the practical guidance taught to us by Allah and His Messenger and how to make spirituality an active part of our lives. She has a Bachelors in Social Work and will be completing the Masters program in 2014 inshaAllah. Her experience includes working with immigrant seniors, refugee settlement and accessibility for people with disabilities.

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5 Duas For Ramadan Therapy | Sh Yahya Ibrahim

Use these precious days and night to ask Allah in the best of ways

Dua 01 – #RamadanTherapy – The Magnificence of Ayat ul Kursi and its Power with Yahya Ibrahim

 

Allahu laaa ilaaha illaa huwal haiyul qai-yoom; laa taakhuzuhoo sinatunw wa laa nawm; lahoo maa fissamaawaati wa maa fil ard; man zallazee yashfa’u indahooo illaa be iznih; ya’lamu maa baina aideehim wa maa khalfahum; wa laa yuheetoona beshai ‘immin ‘ilmihee illa be maa shaaaa; wasi’a kursiyyuhus samaa waati wal arda wa la ya’ooduho hifzuhumaa; wa huwal aliyyul ‘azeem

“Allah! There is no god but He – the Living, The Self-subsisting, Eternal. No slumber can seize Him Nor Sleep. His are all things In the heavens and on earth. Who is there can intercede In His presence except As he permitted? He knoweth What (appeareth to His creatures As) Before or After or Behind them. Nor shall they compass Aught of his knowledge Except as He willeth. His throne doth extend Over the heavens And on earth, and He feeleth No fatigue in guarding And preserving them, For He is the Most High. The Supreme (in glory).”

Dua 02 A Treasure from Jannah – Last two verses of Al-Baqarah

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The Messenger has believed in what was revealed to him from his Lord, and [so have] the believers. All of them have believed in Allah and His angels and His books and His messengers, [saying], “We make no distinction between any of His messengers.” And they say, “We hear and we obey. [We seek] Your forgiveness, our Lord, and to You is the [final] destination.”

Allah burdens not a person beyond his scope. He gets reward for that (good) which he has earned, and he is punished for that (evil) which he has earned. “Our Lord! Punish us not if we forget or fall into error, our Lord! Lay not on us a burden like that which You did lay on those before us (Jews and Christians); our Lord! Put not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Pardon us and grant us Forgiveness. Have mercy on us. You are our Maulâ (Patron, Supporter, and Protector) and give us victory over the disbelieving people.” (Al-Baqarah 2:286)

Dua 03 Salawat & Durood upon our Nabi ﷺ help us in all hardships & circumstances

Allahumma salli `ala Muhammadin, wa `ala aali Muhammadin, kama sallaita `ala aali Ibrahima, innaka Hamidum Majid. Allahumma barik `ala Muhammadin, wa `ala aali Muhammadin, kama barakta `ala aali Ibrahima, innaka Hamidum Majid
[O Allah, exalt the mention of Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as you exalted the family of Ibrahim. You are Praised and Glorious. O Allah, bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as You blessed the family of Ibrahim. You are Praised and Glorious.]”’ [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

“Believers! Send your Blessings on him” | Resource for Salawat on the Prophet

Dua 04 The Greatest #Dua of Seeking Forgiveness

اللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ رَبِّي لا إِلَهَ إِلا أَنْتَ خَلَقْتَنِي وَأَنَا عَبْدُكَ وَأَنَا عَلَى عَهْدِكَ وَوَعْدِكَمَا اسْتَطَعْتُ أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ شَرِّ مَا صَنَعْتُ أَبُوءُ لَكَ بِنِعْمَتِكَ عَلَيَّ وَأَبُوءُ لَكَ بِذَنْبِي فَاغْفِرْ لِي فَإِنَّهُ لا يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ إِلا أَنْتَ 

“The Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) used this particular expression – Sayyid al-Istighfar – literally, ‘the master of supplications’ to indicate that this is the best of supplications for those in need, and which will fulfil the need—sincere seeking of forgiveness”>Allahumma anta Rabbi la ilaha illa anta, Anta Khalaqtani wa ana abduka, wa ana ‘ala ahdika wa wa’dika mastata’tu, A’udhu bika min Sharri ma sana’tu, abu’u Laka bini’matika ‘alaiya, wa Abu Laka bidhanbi faghfirli innahu la yaghfiru adhdhunuba illa anta

O Allah! You are my Lord! None has the right to be worshipped but You. You created me and I am Your slave, and I am faithful to my covenant and my promise as much as I can. I seek refuge with You from all the evil I have done. I acknowledge before You all the blessings You have bestowed upon me, and I confess to You all my sins. So I entreat You to forgive my sins, for nobody can forgive sins except You.)

Shaddad ibn Aws raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) relates that the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) said that he (Sayyid al-Istighfar) most superior way of asking for forgiveness from Allah is to say (the above du’a). That “If somebody recites it during the day with firm faith in it, and dies on the same day before the evening, he will be from the people of Paradise; and if somebody recites it at night with firm faith in it, and dies before the morning, he will be from the people of Paradise.”
[Sahih al-Bukhari; 8,75,318, at-Tirmidhi; 3393, an-Nasa’i; 5522, Ahmad; 16662]

Dua 05 When the Prophet’s ﷺ daughter felt weak he taught her this Zikr

حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنِ الْحَكَمِ، عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي لَيْلَى، عَنْ عَلِيٍّ، أَنَّ فَاطِمَةَ ـ عَلَيْهِمَا السَّلاَمُ ـ شَكَتْ مَا تَلْقَى فِي يَدِهَا مِنَ الرَّحَى، فَأَتَتِ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم تَسْأَلُهُ خَادِمًا، فَلَمْ تَجِدْهُ، فَذَكَرَتْ ذَلِكَ لِعَائِشَةَ، فَلَمَّا جَاءَ أَخْبَرَتْهُ‏.‏ قَالَ فَجَاءَنَا وَقَدْ أَخَذْنَا مَضَاجِعَنَا، فَذَهَبْتُ أَقُومُ فَقَالَ ‏”‏ مَكَانَكِ ‏”‏‏.‏ فَجَلَسَ بَيْنَنَا حَتَّى وَجَدْتُ بَرْدَ قَدَمَيْهِ عَلَى صَدْرِي فَقَالَ ‏”‏ أَلاَ أَدُلُّكُمَا عَلَى مَا هُوَ خَيْرٌ لَكُمَا مِنْ خَادِمٍ، إِذَا أَوَيْتُمَا إِلَى فِرَاشِكُمَا، أَوْ أَخَذْتُمَا مَضَاجِعَكُمَا، فَكَبِّرَا ثَلاَثًا وَثَلاَثِينَ، وَسَبِّحَا ثَلاَثًا وَثَلاَثِينَ، وَاحْمَدَا ثَلاَثًا وَثَلاَثِينَ، فَهَذَا خَيْرٌ لَكُمَا مِنْ خَادِمٍ ‏”‏‏.‏ وَعَنْ شُعْبَةَ عَنْ خَالِدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سِيرِينَ

Narrated `Ali:

Fatima complained about the blisters on her hand because of using a mill-stone. She went to ask the Prophet for servant, but she did not find him (at home) and had to inform `Aisha of her need. When he came, `Aisha informed him about it. `Ali added: The Prophet (ﷺ) came to us when we had gone to our beds. When I was going to get up, he said, “‘Stay in your places,” and sat between us, till I felt the coolness of the feet on my chest. The Prophet (ﷺ) then said, “Shall I not tell you of a thing which is better for you than a servant? When you (both) go to your beds, say ‘Allahu Akbar’ thirty-four times, and ‘Subhan Allah’ thirty-three times, ‘Al hamdu ‘illah’ thirty-three times, for that is better for you than a servant.” Ibn Seereen said, “Subhan Allah’ (is to be said for) thirty-four times.”

http://sunnah.com/bukhari/80/15

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The Prophet (SAW) has taught us the best of deeds are those that done consistently, even if they are small. Click here to support MuslimMatters with a monthly donation of $2 per month. Set it and collect blessings from Allah (swt) for the khayr you're supporting without thinking about it.

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Baby It’s Cold Outside: A Dua To Help You Make The Most of The Severely Cold Weather

لا ِاله ِالا الله ُمَا أشَدَّ بَرْدَ هذا الْيَوْمْ ، اَللّهُمَّ أجِرْنِيْ مِنْ زَمْهَريْرِجَهَنَّمْ – رواه ابن السني

Laa ilaaha illallahu ma ashadda barda hazhal yawm , allahumma ajirni min zamhareeri jahannam.

Translation: “There is no deity but Allah, How severe is the cold of today!

O Allah! Protect me from the severe cold of Jahannam”

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Rasulullah ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) is reported to have said: ” When a person recites this supplication, Allah ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) says to Jahannam: “Verily a servant of mine has sought refuge in me from you, bear testimony that I have granted him salvation from you”

(Ibn Sunni)

Here is a hadith that makes this clear.

Sayyiduna Abu Hurarah Radiyallahu Anhu reported that Rasulullah ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) said: “ Jahannam complained to its Lord saying ;”Oh My Lord! Parts within me have devoured each other” So Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) allowed it two breaths; one in summer and the other in winter. Therefore the extreme heat that you experience (on earth) is caused by the heat of Jahannam and the severe cold too is due to the Az-zamhareer (the extreme cold section of Jahannam)

 (Sahih Bukhari, Hadith 537, Sahih Muslim).

This article on Ilmgate explains the cold section of hell in detail.

Winter Reflection

Embracing the Winter Blues

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The Prophet (SAW) has taught us the best of deeds are those that done consistently, even if they are small. Click here to support MuslimMatters with a monthly donation of $2 per month. Set it and collect blessings from Allah (swt) for the khayr you're supporting without thinking about it.

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A Powerful Dua for Happiness

dua for happiness

‘Abdullāh ibn Masʿūd (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet ﷺ said, “No person (“no believer” in another report) suffers any anxiety or grief, and then says: 

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي عَبْدُكَ ، وَابْنُ عَبْدِكَ ، وَابْنُ أَمَتِكَ ، نَاصِيَتِي بِيَدِكَ ، مَاضٍ فِيَّ حُكْمُكَ ، عَدْلٌ فِيَّ قَضَاؤُكَ ، أَسْأَلُكَ بِكُلِّ اسْمٍ هُوَ لَكَ ، سَمَّيْتَ بِهِ نَفْسَكَ ، أَوْ أَنْزَلْتَهُ فِي كِتَابِكَ ، أَوْ عَلَّمْتَهُ أَحَدًا مِنْ خَلْقِكَ ، أَوْ اسْتَأْثَرْتَ بِهِ فِي عِلْمِ الْغَيْبِ عِنْدَكَ ، أَنْ تَجْعَلَ الْقُرْآنَ رَبِيعَ قَلْبِي ، وَنُورَ صَدْرِي ، وَجَلَاءَ حُزْنِي ، وَذَهَابَ هَمِّي 

(O Allah, I am your slave, the son of your slave and the son of your maid-slave. Your command over me is forever executed and Your decree over me is just. I ask you by every Name belonging to You, which You have Named Yourself with, or revealed in Your Book, or You taught to any of Your creation, or You have preserved in the knowledge of the unseen with You, that You make the Qur’ān the life of my heart and the light of my chest, and a departure for my sorrow and a release for my anxiety) except that Allah will remove his sorrow and replace it with happiness.”

They asked, “O Messenger of Allah, should we memorize these phrases (of the supplication)?” He responded, “Yes, whoever hears these words should memorize them.”[1]

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Transliteration:
Allaahumma innee ʿabduk, wabnu ʿabdik, wabnu amatik, naasiyati beyadik, maadhin fiyya hukmuk, ʿadlun fiyya qadhaa’uk, as’aluka bi kullismin huwa lak, sammayta bihi nafsak, aw anzaltahu fee kitaabik, aw ʿalamtahu ahadan min khalqik, awista-tharta bihi fee ʿilmil ghaybi ʿindak, an taj-ʿal al-Qur’aan al-ʿađ̣eema rabeeʿa qalbi, wa noora sadri, wa jalā’a huzni, wa dhahāba hammi.

Duʿā breakdown and reflections:

“O Allah, I am your slave, the son of your slave and the son of your maid-slave”

Ibn al-Qayyim stated in his book, Zād al-Ma’ād,[2] that these words are full of recognition of who Allah is, and in it, the worshipper is calling upon the Lord, acknowledging the Creator, and presenting oneself as the slave of Allah, and the son/daughter of His slaves.

The supplicating believer also places things where they belong by recognizing (the following):

  1. that his fate is in Allah’s control
  2. that his destiny takes place according to the Divine Plan
  3. that Allah does whatever He Pleases with it
  4. that the servant can neither bring benefit nor harm to himself
  5. that he cannot bring about his own birth, death, or resurrection
  6. that he has no power to alter his decree except as Allah Wills
  7. that he is completely dependent on his Creator, Cherisher, Sustainer, and Lord
  8. that his own existence is subject to whatever Allah Decrees, and
  9. that Allah is Just, and what He Wills shall Be.

Your Command over me is forever executed and Your Decree over me is just.

 This part of the supplication highlights two important points related to the Oneness of Allah:

  1. The first is the recognition and confirmation of fate, and that Allah’s Decree regarding His slaves shall unfailingly come into being, and that His slaves cannot escape it or repel it.
  2. The second point is that Allah is Just; He does not oppress His servants, and His decree takes place by virtue of His Knowledge and Divine Justice. This is because injustice represents the need, ignorance, incompetence, weakness, and inferiority of an unjust individual, and therefore, such attributes are not Divine, and they cannot come from one who is Omniscient, All-Knowing, Wise, and has no needs.

Allah is the All-Wise (Al-Hakeem), and thus His Wisdom is in effect wherever His Will is executed and ordained. Every atom and every cell in the universe and the entirety of His creation is in need of Him, but He is Rich beyond any need, and His Will affects all of His creation at all times and places. Belief in His Wisdom, therefore, must be combined with full acknowledgement and humble recognition that the slave is unaware of the full scope of matters, even when they are perceived to be difficult, for the All-Wise does not oppress His slaves. He tests them to elevate them, to purify them, to strengthen them, and to increase them in gratitude, guidance, resilience, and purpose. He plans for His slaves better than they plan for themselves, and He wants mercy and salvation for His slaves more than they want it for themselves.

We are in need of exemplifying gratitude towards Him, and as a result, He increases us in blessings for our action of praise.

وَإِذْ تَأَذَّنَ رَبُّكُمْ لَئِن شَكَرْتُمْ لَأَزِيدَنَّكُمْ ۖ وَلَئِن كَفَرْتُمْ إِنَّ عَذَابِي لَشَدِيدٌ

“And [remember] when your Lord proclaimed, ‘If you are grateful, I will surely increase you [in blessings]; but if you deny, indeed, My punishment is severe.’ “[3]

  

I ask you by every Name belonging to You, which You have Named Yourself with, or revealed in Your Book, or You taught to any of Your creation, or You have preserved in the knowledge of the unseen with You…

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ is calling upon Allah by His beautiful Names and Attributes that He named Himself with, revealed in His Book, taught to any of His creation, or preserved in the knowledge of the unseen – to the extent that even the angels amongst His creation do not know of them – in a manner that is powerful, for such a prayer surpasses other prayers and is beloved to Allah and most certainly worthy of a response, because it highlights the slave’s humility, knowledge, and recognition of the Lord of the Worlds.

…that You make the Qur’ān the life of my heart and the light of my chest, and a departure for my sorrow and a release for my anxiety

The Qur’an, by Allah, is a cure for every type of illness in this world: mental, emotional, physical, and spiritual, if only we took it as a cure for everything, knowing that it is a means to rebalance the heart and retune the heart to its original natural disposition.

The Qur’an, by Allah, is a light for every type of darkness in this world, if only we embraced that light consistently, knowing that it removes the dark corrosions of sinfulness and heedlessness that accumulate in one’s heart.

The Qur’an, by Allah, is a relief for every type of sorrow and anxiety in this world, if only we resorted to it constantly through ease and through difficulty, knowing that it is a means of wiping away one’s stress, pain, anxiety, and sorrows.

The Qur’an as a cure, however, works only in proportion to how patient and sincere the believer is in embracing it, trusting in its effectiveness, and knowing that Allah’s Will, with His Speech as a prescription, will lead to an excellent and complete recovery, for Allah’s Promise is always fulfilled. 

No person suffers any anxiety or grief, and then says … except that Allah will remove his sorrow and replace it with happiness.”

This is a guarantee from the Messenger of Allah ﷺ who does not speak about religious matters from himself but rather from revelation.[4] This is a guarantee that the one who prays with this prayer, sincerely, humbly, gratefully, persistently, and patiently, will see that their sorrows are replaced with happiness. The one doing so, however, should not give up quickly on their supplication and should ideally implement as many of the etiquettes of duʿā as possible, such as repenting for one’s sins, being in a state of purification, facing the Qiblah, raising one’s hands, and so forth. 

They asked, “O Messenger of Allah, should we memorize these phrases (of the supplication)?” He responded, “Yes, whoever hears these words should memorize them.”

This final part of the narration reminds us of at least two significant points:

  1. It is important to benefit from what we hear as believers, particularly when there is an advice to do so. With this particular narration in mind, remember that every human being will face some type of sorrow or anxiety at one point or another in their lives, and thus it is wise for the believer to know these words and to pray with them often.
  2. It is imperative as believers to also share this duʿā with others for the sake of helping them gain nearness to Allah and relief from their hardships, by His will, while being rewarded for our sharing of knowledge that is of vast benefit. The one who encourages others to do good is rewarded equally – every time they perform that deed – without the performer of the deed losing anything of their reward, as was authentically reported.[5]

Conclusion

This duʿā is one of many reminders to bring us closer to Allah through sincerity, humility, gratitude, submission, and acknowledgement of His Majesty and the status of His Speech. Memorize this invocation and its meanings, pray with it frequently, and teach it to your loved ones, and may Allah the Exalted rectify your affairs, relieve you of your hardships, and reward you immensely for your patience and good deeds in this life and the next.

 

References:

[1] Recorded by Aḥmad (4167), al-Ḥākim (1809), and Ibn Ḥibbān (984).

[2] See: Ibn al-Qayyim, Provisions for the Hereafter.

[3] Qur’ān 14:7.

[4] See: Qur’ān 53:4.

[5] Reported by at-Tirmidhi (2613).

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MuslimMatters has been a free service to the community since 2007. All it takes is a small gift from a reader like you to keep us going, for just $2 / month.

The Prophet (SAW) has taught us the best of deeds are those that done consistently, even if they are small. Click here to support MuslimMatters with a monthly donation of $2 per month. Set it and collect blessings from Allah (swt) for the khayr you're supporting without thinking about it.

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