Connect with us

#Current Affairs

In My Own Words: The Way Forward On Interfaith Collaboration


Throughout my career as a Muslim civil rights attorney, I have worked on areas of common concern with my Jewish neighbors. Together, we have advocated for human rights here and abroad. We have stood up against police brutality, racist immigration policies, and illegal discrimination. We have called out racism and bigotry, including the interrelated threats of Islamophobia and anti-Semitism. I will always raise my voice on these important issues, God willing.

In this vein, I have also vocally spoken out against other forms of hatred, including the anti-Palestinian racism institutionalized by the Israeli government and enabled by my own tax dollars. That’s what I did at American Muslims for Palestine’s national conference in Chicago last year.

During the event, I spoke on a panel about how and whether American Muslims who support Palestinian human rights should engage in interfaith collaboration with organizations and individuals that explicitly support Zionism as practiced by the Israeli government.

Keep supporting MuslimMatters for the sake of Allah

Alhamdulillah, we're at over 850 supporters. Help us get to 900 supporters this month. All it takes is a small gift from a reader like you to keep us going, for just $2 / month.

The Prophet (SAW) has taught us the best of deeds are those that done consistently, even if they are small. Click here to support MuslimMatters with a monthly donation of $2 per month. Set it and collect blessings from Allah (swt) for the khayr you're supporting without thinking about it.

This question has been a source of intense and increasing discussion within the American Muslim community in recent years. Why? Several reasons.

Over the past several decades, the Israeli government’s human rights abuses against Palestinians have continuously escalated. Bombing civilians in Gaza with precision-strike missiles and shooting protesters at the border using sniper rifles. Raiding Al-Aqsa Masjid and attacking worshippers, even during Ramadan. Expanding illegal settlements and enabling settler violence. Rejecting a Palestinian state and taking steps to make a two-state solution impossible.

All the while, our own government has refused to hold the Israeli government accountable for its actions. Our nation continues to either completely ignore or openly justify the Israeli government’s human rights abuses while giving it billions of dollars in American taxpayer dollars every year to commit those violations.

To make matters worse, many organizations here in the United States work to preserve the status quo of U.S. support for Israel by, among many other things, smearing critics of the Israeli government as anti-Semites (while embracing real anti-Semites like Donald Trump, Pastor Robert Jeffress and Reverend John Hagee, because those bigots support the Israeli government).

These hypocritical anti-Semitism smears have been launched against everyone from former president Jimmy Carter to the late Archbishop Desmond Tutu to Professor Angela Davis to actress Emma Watson to Human Rights Watch, to most recently, Amnesty International.

But Muslims who support Palestinian human rights—especially Muslim women—face particularly virulent attacks. Just ask yourself why Rep. Ilhan Omar and Rep. Rashida Tlaib attracted so much hostility from the moment they started their political careers while supporting essentially the same policies that Rep. Andre Carson and Rep. Betty McCollum support.

All of this begs the question I was addressing in Chicago: should American Muslims who support Palestinian human rights continue attempting to collaborate with the very same organizations that are enabling human rights abuses against Palestinians?

Many Muslim activists tried to do so for years. They worked to build interfaith ties with their neighbors even if they supported the Israeli government’s misconduct. In fact, some Muslims formed partnerships and coalitions with notoriously anti-Palestinian, Islamophobic organizations in the name of interfaith dialogue. It didn’t work.

Interfaith dialogue didn’t change the minds of anti-Palestinian organizations, nor did it protect the Muslim community from their Islamophobic attacks. Things have only gotten worse. Just last month, we learned that an anti-Muslim hate group that has received significant funding from major pro-Israel foundations had spent years using paid spies to target Rep. Keith Ellison and nearly every major American Muslim organization for the benefit of the Israeli government.

So again, the question is: should American Muslims continue to work with anyone who is enabling bigotry against our Muslim brothers and sisters here at home and racist violence against our Palestinian brothers and sisters overseas?

In Chicago, I shared my own answer to the question. In my opinion, no. American Muslims should no longer engage in collaboration with individuals, organizations or houses of worship that continue to overtly support the Israeli government’s racist system of oppression.

Muslim student activists should not work with Hillel, which has repeatedly smeared Muslims and Palestinians on college campuses, sought to censor activist voices, and even hosted Israeli soldiers at school events despite the war crimes committed by the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF).

Muslim civil rights activists should not work with the ADL, especially after dozens of progressive organizations founded and joined the #DroptheADL campaign due to the organization’s long history of harming Black, Brown and Muslim people: supporting South Africa’s partnership with Israel by spying on Black anti-apartheid activists, joining anti-Muslim hate groups in opposing Park51, smearing mainstream Muslim leaders and groups, supporting illegal state laws that punish Americans who boycott Israel, embracing the Trump Administration’s anti-Palestinian policies, and standing by a man who referred to Arabs as “filthy.”

Although local mosques should absolutely continue partnering with local synagogues, they should not partner with any houses of worship that explicitly and actively support the Israeli government’s human rights abuses.

And while I oppose engaging with organizations that defend and enable Israel’s occupation and apartheid against Palestinians, in my speech, I also praised the many principled voices within the Jewish community who continue to advocate for human rights and equality, such as those with Jewish Voice for Peace and If Not Now.

The Jewish and Muslim communities share a long history of collaboration dating back to the life of Prophet Muhammad ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him). In fact, it was the Muslim caliph Omar raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) who lifted the Byzantine ban that kept Jews from the city when he took control of Jerusalem, ensuring that Jews would be able to return, live, and worship in the holy city for the better part of 1,400 years. While Jews in Europe faced pogroms, blood libels and forced conversions, Jewish communities in Muslim lands were more often than not welcome and protected in keeping with Islamic teachings about the importance of protecting of religious minorities.

In modern America, our communities have also faced the shared challenge of dealing with bigotry and racism. We have repeatedly stood together in mutual solidarity against numerous acts of violence, including the anti-Semitic attacks on the Tree of Life Synagogue and the recent hostage-taking terrorist incident at the Congregation Beth Israel synagogue in Texas.

Bottom line: American Muslims should continue working with any organizations, houses of worship, and activists on issues of shared concern so long as everyone involved supports justice for all people.

As for the fundamental debate around Zionism, I personally agree with the growing number of Jewish activists, scholars, and faith leaders who believe that no ethnic group has the right, by virtue of their race, heritage or ethnicity, to forcibly dislodge a different group of people from their homes, oppress those who remain behind, and enshrine racist policies in law.

Right now, a Jewish-American who is an atheist can freely travel to Israel, seek citizenship, acquire the right to vote, live on an illegal settlement in the West Bank, and abuse nearby Palestinians with impunity. But an elderly Palestinian-American who actually believes in the God of Abraham, and who was violently expelled from the West Bank as a child, cannot freely return home, much less attain citizenship, vote, or return to his family’s land.

The Israeli government’s understanding of Zionism teaches that this race-based system is perfectly acceptable, but I, my community, and many Jewish thinkers and groups, believe that it is fundamentally wrong. That’s my opinion and I am working to share it with you because my faith teaches me to speak against oppression, even at the risk of personal harm.

For years, right-wing extremists, anti-Palestinian racists, and Israel advocacy organizations who are terrified by the sight of an American Muslim woman calling out the Israeli government’s human rights abuses have smeared and lied about me. I have faced a barrage of bigoted messages, death threats and dishonest attacks, especially in the past few months.

I appreciate everyone who has defended me from these smears, especially my friends and partners in the Jewish community. I see you and I appreciate you. You didn’t have to step in to protect me or counter the lies. I appreciate you for doing so.

Despite the lies that have been told about me, I remain just as committed to standing up against the Israeli government’s racist apartheid system and all forms of bigotry, including both Islamophobia and anti-Semitism.

The harm I have suffered through the bigotry of anti-Muslim and anti-Palestine activists is a fraction of what Palestinians experience daily. My discomfort is the least I can undertake to mitigate the harms my tax dollars cause.

Related: Zahra Billoo Responds to the Women’s March Inc. Voting Her Off the New Board

Keep supporting MuslimMatters for the sake of Allah

Alhamdulillah, we're at over 850 supporters. Help us get to 900 supporters this month. All it takes is a small gift from a reader like you to keep us going, for just $2 / month.

The Prophet (SAW) has taught us the best of deeds are those that done consistently, even if they are small. Click here to support MuslimMatters with a monthly donation of $2 per month. Set it and collect blessings from Allah (swt) for the khayr you're supporting without thinking about it.

Zahra Billoo is a civil rights attorney and the executive director of the San Francisco Bay Area chapter of the Council on American Islamic Relations (CAIR). In this capacity, she leads the oldest CAIR chapter in the country, serving the Bay Area’s 250,000 Muslims. Zahra is frequently seen at mosques and universities facilitating trainings and workshops as a part of CAIR’s grassroots efforts to empower the American Muslim community and build bridges with allies on civil rights issues. Zahra also provides direct legal services for victims of law enforcement targeting and Islamophobia. Her work has been highlighted in local and national media outlets including the Christian Science Monitor, KTVU, MSNBC, NPR, and the San Jose Mercury News. Zahra is a 2014 recipient of the National Lawyers Guild San Francisco Bay Area Chapter’s Unsung Hero Award and a 2013 recipient of the South Asian Bar Association of Northern California’s Trailblazer Award.



  1. Amir Mertaban

    March 10, 2022 at 2:05 AM

    I 100% agree! We can’t play this game anymore. It confuses our community and their community. We need to be principled in our actions no matter what the consequences are. Well said Sr. Zahra!!

  2. Souleiman

    March 10, 2022 at 1:13 PM

    Dangerous and unhelpful to Islam in the west and especially for us as American Muslims. Yes, this argument has merit, and it is one opinion based on a political and religious view that may or may not be in the best interests of Islam. American Muslims should be engaged with all Jewish organizations, synagogues, and individuals who support the Israeli occupation and defend Israel. CAIR is a prominent civil rights Muslim organization. It has the right to advocate these policies, and we as Muslims have the right to disagree with them on these purely political views. Islam in the United States and the west should not be held to serve anyone’s political agenda or support any political views that may or may not be essential to Islam relationships with other faith communities. Muslims should always stand on the side of justice and be vocal and assertive in speaking up about their commitment to social and political issues. Palestine is one of those issues, but do I believe it should be the litmus test of our relationships with others? No. We as Muslims have tremendous problems here at home, in our Mosques, and, in understanding our faith and its applications in our western society, let’s focus on that.

  3. NOS

    March 13, 2022 at 1:30 PM

    As far as I’m concerned, it’s more important to ally with the obviously oppressed Palestinians than it is to have any interfaith dialogue with someone who supports such oppression. While we may have big problems here, it’s nothing our friends over at interfaith are somehow capable or interested in solving for us. Our relationship with other faith communities is nothing to our relationship with our maker and master.

  4. Timur Mamedov

    March 14, 2022 at 3:31 PM

    Well said, Zahra. To the Muslims who make light of the efforts of people speaking up for the plight of our Palestinian brothers and sisters, please listen to this khutbah as a reminder (
    One except that stood out:
    I tell my students that Jerusalem is not the third holy site of Islam. Rather, it is the first holy site of Islam. Jerusalem affirms Islam as the universal religion of Abraham, Moses, and Jesus. It symbolizes the primordial message of Islam that long pre-dates the prophecy of Muhammad. It represents that Islam is a gift to humanity, and not simply an Arabian peculiarity. Why do so many Muslims repeat the ridiculous Israeli propaganda that Jerusalem never mattered until one hundred and thirty years after the death of the Prophet? The companions of the Prophet made Jerusalem part of the Islamic legacy. They understood that Islam is the sole representative of pure monotheism. Christianity is not a monotheistic religion no matter how much it claims otherwise. Judaism has been usurped into a racial identity and a tribal history. This is precisely why the companions knew that Jerusalem belonged in Muslim hands, for Jerusalem has always represented true monotheism. Yet, we find remarkably ignorant Muslims who say the Qur’an refers to “al-Aqsa mosque” (Q17:1) and that there was no mosque at that time in Jerusalem, so how could the Qur’an refer to this site? One only says this if one relies upon Israeli propaganda. The historical record is clear and cumulative that the area in which the al-Aqsa Mosque was built refers to a place of worship that was neither Israelite nor Christian but that represented the monotheism of Abraham. This is the site that Umar Ibn al-Khattab reclaimed and rebuilt. The companions of the Prophet agreed, acting on the instructions of the Prophet, that this is the location of the al-Aqsa Mosque.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *