Connect with us

#Current Affairs

On the Pakistan-India Dangerous Escalation

Abu Reem


Make Peace Not War

War should never be an option. Sane people in South Asia must wake up to the fact that war only results in greater misery than almost every single alternative

As a Pakistani American who has many Indian friends and who has hired Indians in a professional capacity, it took me years to wean off negativity towards India— not uncommon on both sides of the border.

You can say what you want. But the fact remains that the two people have much more in common than either has with any other nation. Culture, language, history— so much togetherness.

Support MuslimMatters for Just $2 a Month

MuslimMatters has been a free service to the community since 2007. All it takes is a small gift from a reader like you to keep us going, for just $2 / month.

The Prophet (SAW) has taught us the best of deeds are those that done consistently, even if they are small. Click here to support MuslimMatters with a monthly donation of $2 per month. Set it and collect blessings from Allah (swt) for the khayr you're supporting without thinking about it.

Yet, the British left Kashmir for the two nations to bicker over and avoid real progress. Let’s be honest. Kashmir was the only Muslim majority state not to merge into Pakistan, while all Hindu majority states merged into India. The whole separation exercise was sloppy— leading to countless lives lost during the partition, and countless more in Kashmir since.

Now that’s history. The UN-mandated a plebiscite for Kashmiris to determine their own path; a plebiscite with many preconditions that legally allows India to not carry it out. But then again, which country would allow the breakaway of (what India considers) its own territory? Let’s face it, it’s simply not in India’s strategic interest.

More creative solutions include the possibility of an independent Kashmir (original Kashmir composed of territory from all neighbors as it was prior to partition) may be more possible, but again require massive political capital on both sides.

And thus, this leaves Kashmir as a tinderbox that will continue to create sparks between the neighbors.

As usual, the people suffer; Kashmiris continue to live through decades of violence. The Indian army has a huge presence in the valley— estimated at 700,000 strong. Human rights violations are routine according to independent sources. This is not surprising; mixing a large military presence among civilians usually leads to abuse.

  • Indian violence in Kashmir since 1989:
  • Killed by Indian army: 94,479
  • Custodial killings by Indian army: 7,048
  • Disappearances of Kashmiris at the hands of Indians: 10,125
  • Gang rapes by Indians in Kashmir: 10,283
  • Kashmiri blinded by Indian firing: 188
  • Kashmiri Kids orphaned: 20,085
  • Kashmiri Women widowed: 20,005
  • Kashmiri Buildings destroyed: 106,071

Thus the most recent escalation in Pulwama didn’t happen in a vacuum. Kashmiris, much like Palestinians or not long ago, the Irish, have a lot of resentment, and they can easily be coaxed into violence. Let’s remember the Pulwama attacker was a young Kashmiri man— born and raised on the Indian side of Kashmir.

Unfortunately in an environment of emotional zeal and distrust, blaming the other for any attack has become the norm. The media, esp. the Indian media has gone berserk. Each news outlet trying to prove more nationalistic than the other. And every famous personality seems to be under the burden to say or tweet something patriotic.

As Pakistanis, we have to put ourselves in our neighbors’ shoes— difficult but necessary! So as an Indian, if I were hearing, reading and watching all the emotional nationalistic banter— I too would have been riled up again Pakistan: “How dare Pakistan attack and kill our soldiers?” (Pakistan didn’t, but this fact gets drowned out in the noise).

Recent history has shown us how the media can rile up the vile! We saw how Egyptian media riled up people to the point that they considered the massacre of thousands in Rabaa of their OWN people as justified; not “others”. So how easy can it be to rile up people against a “known enemy” Pakistan?

This is why sane Indians need to rise above fake nationalism, propped up by the Indian media frenzy. How is it nationalism to wish something wherein more of your soldiers will die— because war will kill, on both sides. And not just soldiers, innocent civilians too.

While Pakistani media has been generally more restrained, there are fools on this side too, thinking that war is a video game where you lose lives only on the screen!

Pakistan has responsibilities.

JeM (Jaishe Mohammed), a Pakistani based outfit, claimed responsibility for the Pulwama attack. The fact is that JeM is itself a banned outfit in Pakistan. Even so, since when did a claim become proof of culpability? Many groups make opportunistic claims to beef up their own standing. And there are legal requirements for a claim to be verified as true.

However, a claim is a claim and needs to be investigated. Imagine if there was an attack in say Balochistan, and some Indian group claimed responsibility, then just like it would make sense for Pakistan to demand answers. Thus Indian demands are reasonable too. Even if it turns out to be bogus. So an urgent and honest search and hunt must go on for whoever made the claims. Investigate and bring the culprits to justice because international law doesn’t allow this. And if no proof is found, share the results with India!

It’s politics, stupid!

Everyone is fully aware that India has elections coming. And that India has a leader who has a very checkered background (to put it mildly) with regards to treatment of minorities under his watch. But that’s India’s problem. Pakistan can’t solve it for India.

Fortunately, in Pakistan, we have Imran Khan, whose entire track record is that of being pro-peace and anti-war. Not a new stance, but a proven one.

So if anything Imran presented an opportunity for peace between the two nations. Perhaps in a non-election year, even Modi may have reciprocated. But the reality is that anti-Pakistan rhetoric is a vote-winner in India, so India won’t be sending any positive signals anytime soon.

But Pakistan is doing more than signals. They are sending a soldier back.

In the last 24 hours, Pakistan shot down two jets in its territory. The Indian Air Force pilot who was captured by Pakistani troops was treated with respect and is being returned to his family.

Peace brings about prosperity. While war brings about chaos.

It’s not the media jokers and politicians who will be fighting on the front lines— it will sons and daughters of both countries— more of whom will never return home if war breaks out.

Soldiers also die
And their families also cry

I say it again: Make Peace Not War

Watch a clip on Indian media madness: see,

Support Our Dawah for Just $2 a Month

MuslimMatters has been a free service to the community since 2007. All it takes is a small gift from a reader like you to keep us going, for just $2 / month.

The Prophet (SAW) has taught us the best of deeds are those that done consistently, even if they are small. Click here to support MuslimMatters with a monthly donation of $2 per month. Set it and collect blessings from Allah (swt) for the khayr you're supporting without thinking about it.

Abu Reem is one of the founders of MuslimMatters, Inc. His identity is shaped by his religion (Islam), place of birth (Pakistan), and nationality (American). By education, he is a ChemE, topped off with an MBA from Wharton. He has been involved with Texas Dawah, Clear Lake Islamic Center and MSA. His interests include politics, cricket, and media interactions. Career-wise, Abu Reem is in management in the oil & gas industry (but one who still appreciates the "green revolution").



  1. Avatar


    March 1, 2019 at 10:28 PM

    Thank you for writing this post. It’s also important to remember that both nations are nuclear power, and happen to be very emotional. If things don’t cool down we might be on a brink of a nuclear war.

  2. Aly Balagamwala

    Aly Balagamwala

    March 2, 2019 at 4:50 AM

    Sadly the very peaceful overtures of Pakistan govt are not being responded to by the Modi government and they in their desperation to win the next election are just increasing the LOC violations. There is so much a side can take before it is forced to retaliate.

    *Comment above is posted in a personal capacity and may not reflect the official views of MuslimMatters or its staff*

  3. Avatar


    March 10, 2019 at 7:27 PM

    Superficial and conventional analysis (if that).

    1. Pakistan is controlled by its military with Imran only being a puppet and figurehead. They consume over half of the GDP of the country and claim legitimacy to do this as being a “professional” organization, yet despite the humiliation in Bangladesh/East Pakistan, what do they have to show for this?

    2. The military has always maintained an arms length reach of groups both with borders of India as well as Afghanistan. Why has this been done and why can’t the policy be publicly questioned?

    3. Along the same line, the US violated Pakistani airspace in killing Bin Laden, with India repeating the VERY SAME violation in bombing Pakistan (only 100 miles from Islamabad) yet no one has been held responsible in the Pakistani military for these violations of its own sovereignty. Why?

    Questions that are taboo to ask as well as to the nature of the identity of a secular state claimed to be created in the name of Islam (yet groveling for peace to people who kill fellow Muslims) seem to difficult to research and ask apparently.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


MuslimMatters NewsLetter in Your Inbox

Sign up below to get started