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8 Things You Didn’t Know About Masjid Al-Aqsa

Dr Muhammad Wajid Akhter

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There can be only one choice for the world’s most contested area of land, and that is Masjid Al-Aqsa in Jerusalem. It is no exaggeration to say that for thousands of years, people have been dying for control over it.

For Muslims, it holds a very important place in our heart. It is the 3rd most holy site in Islam. It is the location that the Prophetṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) was transported to during the journey of Israa and Miraaj. It was the scene for the most extraordinary gathering in the history of mankind – when every Prophet that ever lived were gathered together for a congregational prayer behind Prophet Muhammadṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him).

And yet, here are some things you may not already know about Masjid Al Aqsa:

8. It isn’t just one mosque

Al-Aqsa-Compound

Yes – there are multiple mosques on the site that we know as Masjid Al Aqsa. We think of Masjid Al-Aqsa as the building at the southernmost corner of the Mosque. In actual fact, that is the Qibly mosque – so called because it is the closest to the Qibla. The whole mount is Masjid Al Aqsa and is sometimes referred to the Haram Al-Sharif to prevent confusion. But there are other mosques present on the site which are usually connected to historical incidents e.g. the Buraq masjid, the Marwani masjid and more.

7. It is a burial ground

There is no record of how many Prophets and Sahaabas of the Prophetṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) are buried there. but there are certainly many. For instance, Prophet Sulaiman'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) is possibly buried there since we know that a Prophet is always buried where he died, and he'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) died whilst supervising the construction of the previous building in some traditions.

6. It was a garbage dump

In the period of time when no Jews were allowed to live in the city, the mainly Roman inhabitants used the area of the masjid as a garbage dump. When UmarraḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) liberated the city, he cleared the trash with his bare hands. He also ended the centuries-old exile of the Jews and invited 70 families of a nearby refugee village back into Jerusalem giving them the right to return after centuries in exile – a favour that our cousins seem to have forgotten.

5. Al Ghazali lived and wrote his magnum opus there

mutiara-ihya-ulumuddin

One of the most famous books in Islamic literature is Ihyaa Ulum Al-Din by the great scholar of Islam Abu Hamid Al-Ghazali. He is a man that is revered by all schools of thought for his ability plunge into the depths of the human soul whilst remaining anchored to Quranic and Prophetic teachings. What most people don’t know is that Al-Ghazali, for a time, lived in Masjid Al-Aqsa and wrote the book whilst there. A building in the masjid marks the site of his old room.

4. It was used as a stable, palace, and execution chamber

images-11

When the first Crusaders took Jerusalem, they found the majority of the Muslim population locked up in Masjid Al Aqsa. They slaughtered roughly 70,000 of them and then converted the Qibly Masjid into a palace, the Dome of the Rock into a chapel, and the underground chambers into a stable. Muslims who survived the initial massacre were later crucified on a large cross placed near the centre of the Masjid. This was the only cross that was broken by the Salahuddin. The base of the cross can still be seen there today (picture above.)

3. It had a legendary mimbar

417px-Saladin_Minbar-Aqsa

Nooruddin Zengi, one of the greatest heroes in the history of Islam, had a special mimbar (pulpit) built to be installed in Masjid Al Aqsa when it would be eventually retaken from the Crusaders (you have to admire his supreme confidence). This mimbar was not only beautiful, but it was made without using a single nail or lick of glue. Sadly Nooruddin did not live to see victory, but his protege Salahuddin fulfilled the wish of his teacher, and after liberating Jerusalem for the 2nd time in the history of Islam, installed the mimbar. It is still a work of legend amongst artisans and craftsmen. Unfortunately, this mimbar did not survive the events described in point 1.

2. The Dome of the Rock used to look very different 

85571411_p

The dome of the Rock – what is likely to be the first dome ever built in the history of Islam – was built by the Umayyad Caliph AbdulMalik ibn Marwan. It started life wooden with either a brass, lead or ceramic cover, but almost a thousand years later during the reign of the Ottoman Caliph Suleiman the Magnificent, the distinctive gold layer was added to the dome along with the Ottoman tiles to the facade of the building.

1. It has been burnt down

Ever wonder what would happen if Masjid Al Aqsa was violated, a conquering army flag flown from the dome of the rock and the masjid itself burnt down? Surely the Muslim world wouldn’t let that happen?

Think again.

PAR135131

In 1967, Jerusalem left Muslim hands for the 3rd time and came under the control of Israel. The conquering Israeli soldiers flew their flag from the dome. The Israeli leadership realised that overt control of Masjid Al-Aqsa would serve as a constant provocation to the Muslim world. They used the fig leaf of a Waqf in order to placate the Muslims into complacency.

It worked.

[youtube 2kU5m4vjsqE]

In 1969, an Australian Zionist set fire to the mimbar of Nuruddin and the Qibly mosque itself. The resulting inferno enveloped the entire Qibly mosque. The Muslim world awoke to scenes from the worst of nightmares. Desperate palestinians tried to put out the flames in anyway they could. An entire Ummah hung their head in shame.

Since then, the mosque has been rebuilt and refurbished, but the assaults against the 3rd holiest site in Islam continue to this day. Excavations undermining the foundations of the entire Mosque, unauthorised visits, and daily threats to rebuild the old temple are all currently under way. Masjid Al-Aqsa still waits.

If you liked this, you may also be interested in the other articles in this series:

10 things you didn’t know about the Kaaba

9 things you didn’t know about the Prophet’s Mosque

WAJiD Dr. Muhammad Wajid Akhter - Doctor, Medical Tutor (Social Media, History & Medicine) - Islamic Historian - Founder of, and current board member to Charity Week for Orphans and needy children. www.charityweek.com - Council member, British Islamic Medical Association

70 Comments

70 Comments

  1. Avatar

    Dreamlife

    February 14, 2014 at 3:49 AM

    JazakAllah for that.

    Do you have any info about the downstairs section of the Qibly masjid? Some say that a section there was the chamber of Maryam a.s. – but that seems unlikely since the building probably wasn’t around in those times.

    A lot of fascinating stories may exist about the sites there, but our tour guide was adamant that there isn’t proof for many of the stories.

    • Avatar

      WAJiD

      February 14, 2014 at 4:48 PM

      Walaikum asalaam,

      I do, but I left it out for precisely the reason that your tour guides mentioned. The theories are fascinating though…

      • Avatar

        Saba Rahim

        February 15, 2014 at 9:03 PM

        I am sorry about my careless and callous remark about Indian Muslims; I withdraw my comment. You are doing a noble service, the best kind of Jehad- ” The ink of a scholar is more sacred …” Thank you for the other information. I think I have developed coping skills to deal with those kind of challenges.

      • Avatar

        Steve

        July 24, 2016 at 10:46 AM

        If its the 3rd holiest site why do you not let Jews pray there? Its the number one holy site for Jews.

    • Avatar

      mohammed

      June 25, 2014 at 9:01 PM

      Salam can anyone inform, me of a good tour guide to visit this beautiful mosque. I truly want to go. Also great piece of work fascinating read. Thanks Wajid

    • Avatar

      rehan

      September 12, 2014 at 10:20 AM

      Allhamdulillah, this is very valuable information about Masjid Al Aqsa. I was totally unaware of facts and figures of it.
      History repeat its self inn shaa allah the day will come again Muslims will perform salah inside of the Masjid e Al Aqsa.

    • Avatar

      Md. Hasanuzzaman Siddique

      August 9, 2015 at 6:03 AM

      Subhanallah Alhamdulillah Lailaha Illallahu Allahu Akbar- I would like to say, please do avoid that sort of things because it may create confusion. We the human being rarely have the ability to recall so exactly and we mostly drives by emotional touches what can modify the things and facts. I do think in that way- I seek mercy and forgiveness from the Almighty Allah Subhanallahu Tayala only.

      • Avatar

        reshaad abrahim adem

        December 28, 2016 at 8:06 AM

        subhaanallaah wallahamdulillaah allaahu akbaar

    • Avatar

      saima

      March 10, 2016 at 2:53 AM

      Hazrat Suleman As was built Masjid Aqsa .he was order to jin and jin built masjid-e-aqsa

    • Avatar

      reshaad abrahim adem

      December 28, 2016 at 8:03 AM

      masha allaah may allah bless you!!!!!!!!!!

  2. Avatar

    Adnan Farooq Chatha

    February 14, 2014 at 1:23 PM

    JazakAllah…. very informative article…

  3. Avatar

    Alsanussi

    February 14, 2014 at 1:50 PM

    I thought that Imam Al Ghazali wrote Ihyaa Ulum Al-Din in Masjid Alammawi, Damascus.

    • Avatar

      O H

      February 14, 2014 at 6:59 PM

      “What most people don’t know is that Al-Ghazali, for a time, lived in masjid Al-Aqsa and wrote the book whilst there”

      What I understand from this part of the article is part of the book was written whilst he was in Jerusalem, not the entire book

  4. Avatar

    shoheb ahmed

    February 14, 2014 at 3:29 PM

    Is it appropriate to refer to a masjid as mosque?

    • Avatar

      Zainab

      February 14, 2014 at 4:42 PM

      Stop trying to find faults in everything. Masjid or mosque whatever u call it. Call it with respect in ur heart. That is all that matters

    • Avatar

      WAJiD

      February 14, 2014 at 4:46 PM

      Salaam Shoheb & Zainab,

      Just to put Shoheb comment in perspective, there was a theory at one time that the word “mosque” was derogatory and developed by Islamophobes. However, there’s been no evidence to back that up so I personally think it’s ok to use the word “mosque” when referring to a masjid in English. But if you don’t – that’s cool too.

      WAJiD

  5. Avatar

    Muhammed Aslam Khan

    February 14, 2014 at 6:26 PM

    Does anyone know where i can purchase the complete ihya ul uloom in english? As shown above jazakAllah

  6. Avatar

    O H

    February 14, 2014 at 6:53 PM

    One of the most important articles on MM of late. Wallahi it really saddens me how ignorant and relatively indifferent we Muslims are regarding this sacred site. I didn’t know many of these things! Jazak Allaahu Khair akhi for the great article on the greatest of subjects.

  7. Avatar

    Maira

    February 14, 2014 at 8:51 PM

    I didn’t know even a single point that you have mentioned. Jazak’Allahu khairun

  8. Avatar

    archerofmusings

    February 15, 2014 at 1:00 AM

    This article contains a historical mistake which has trailed from orientalist, Gold Zihers, poor attack on Az-zuhri that he helped abdul malik bin marwan to fabricate narrations regarding the Al-aqsa complex so people would stop going to the kabah for hajj. Apart from the indepth academic criticism and the undeniable answers given to Zihers misunderstanding of islamic history one major historical point needs to be corrected;
    waleed bin abdul malik ordered the construction of the dome of the rock. This is is undisputed amongst the leading historians of islamic chronology like Ibn asaakir, at-tabari, ibn al-atheer, ibn khuldoon, ibn katheer and many others. The only person to mention it was abdul malik ibn marwan was ibn khalikaan as reported by ad-dimyari in “The book of creatures”!!
    This obviously is a disproven by all historians as well as holding an un-authentic attribution to ibn khaliqan.
    Adapted from Dr.mustafa sibaiees The sunnah and islamic legislation arabic version (dar as-salam, cairo, 2008, pg 203)

  9. Avatar

    bmdarwinSam

    February 15, 2014 at 1:48 AM

    Point 7 is not accurate. There is no proof that Suleiman was buried their, yet it is annoying to see you repeat the Israeli hoax about Suleiman grave and the “place of the original building.”

    • Avatar

      Aly Balagamwala | DiscoMaulvi

      February 17, 2014 at 3:23 AM

      Dear bmdarwinSam

      Our Comments Policy requires a valid name or Kunyah as well as a valid email address to be used when commenting. You may also use a blog handle provided your blog is linked, the email address is a valid one, and it is not advertising a product.

      Best Regards
      Comments Team

  10. Avatar

    WAJiD

    February 15, 2014 at 3:39 AM

    Salaam alaikum,

    @archerofmusings – There is some debate about whether it was Abdul Malik or his Walid that built the dome of the Rock. I was taught and tend to agree with Al Wasiti and Maqdisi who believe it was the former. Like you, I believe that the claim that the intention behind building it was to serve as an alternative to the Kaaba is historical propaganda. That is why I didn’t mention it in the article.

    @bmdarwinsam – There is no proof that Sulaiman (A) was buried there, which is why I laid out my logic in the article. I may be wrong. Allahu Alam.

    Also, I believe you misunderstood what I mean by “original building.” Muslims all agree that the current structure is built on the area of the original Masjid Al Aqsa. This is what I meant. There is only debate about whether the original Masjids and the Jewish temples are one and the same.

  11. Avatar

    Tariq

    February 15, 2014 at 10:32 AM

    Great job, mashaAllah responding to the comments. I spent 8 wonderful days alhamdolillah at AlQuds, and it really was wonderful to pray at alAqsa. May Allah be pleased with the ummah and save her from Zionist aggression. Ameen.

    • Avatar

      mujtaba

      September 8, 2015 at 7:04 PM

      ASALAMUALAIKUM
      is it still possible to visit masjid al aqsa
      mashallah these people have visited it in the above comments they r blessed to recieve an opportunity like that
      may ALLAH S.W.T give us all this opportunity in life

      • Avatar

        AbdulMalik Shabazz

        December 5, 2015 at 4:51 AM

        Ameen ya Allah.

  12. Avatar

    waseem

    February 15, 2014 at 4:33 PM

    Salaam,
    need a advice. I hope to travel to alquds in march and also visit jordan. I am travelling from uk. Will I be able to get visa from jerusalam border to cross into jordan. Or should I get visa from uk. And will I be able to travel back across border to fly back from tel aviv. Jzk

  13. Avatar

    Adam Abdul

    February 15, 2014 at 8:35 PM

    The Muslims want it to share…….
    The Jews want it for themselves…….
    So the utmost consensus comes to no where close apparently……..
    So the Muslims to take heed every time the Jews try to outwit the Muslims but failed vainly…….
    We the Muslims knew the weakness origins of the Jews clearly depicted in The Glorious ………..
    Al Quran Nul Haqeem in The 2 nd Surah : Al Baqarah > The Heifer ( red calf ) ………………………!!!

    • Avatar

      Hillel Walters

      September 8, 2014 at 4:33 PM

      The Muslims want to share…
      How disappointing that an educated article like this would not mention another not well known fact – that alquds is built on the site that once was the Jewish temple.

  14. Muhammad Wajid Akhter

    Muhammad Wajid Akhter

    February 16, 2014 at 5:02 AM

    Salaam all –

    JazakAllah khairun for your kind words. As to advice on travelling to Jerusalem, it is worth noting that there is a difference of opinion amongst scholars. One opinion holds that it is a virtuous act since it has been mentioned in hadith as such, whereas another view is that it is unacceptable to travel there as a tourist whilst it is under occupation.

    The second view is the one that Salahuddin and his contemporaries held. It is the view acted upon by Umar (R) and the Sahaaba in general. It is the one I hold too.

  15. Avatar

    Muhammad Ahmad

    August 16, 2014 at 1:42 PM

    There is one thing you do not know that Israel is digging the Al Aqsa Mosque to reveal the books of magic teach by Harut and Marut which Hazrat sulaiman Buried under his throne. which is first revealed by the Britons and the call it a national treasure to keep the place secret they put the Knights there called FREEMASONS But Hazrat Sala ud DIN aubi (R.A) knew about the treasure so he fought with Crusaders and defeat them. and Sealed the Cursed books known as the jewish Magic KABALA. The Crusader took some of the books with them and then become the world super power for 1000 years. it was first stolen by Eqyptian Pharohs they become the world power too. Now you are beginning to see that why Israel choose the Palestine for there state. they start the digging too But Alas there is no Salah ud din aubi in us now to stop them. for information watch The arrivals series at http://www.wakeupproject.com. it is very sad that we dont even know about history.

  16. Avatar

    GregAbdul

    August 31, 2014 at 1:50 PM

    My understanding is the Jews have appointed a set of Muslims to control the area. Which means in reality the area is under Jewish control. I have a question because sometimes we do propaganda over history. The Prophet, sws, did Mirajj from al aqua. Did he rise from five different points and all the “mosques” you site in your report? Does anyone pray at the Dome of the Rock? Is there carpet under the Dome?

    • Avatar

      ridha

      September 19, 2014 at 4:30 PM

      1)when was isra & mi’raj
      2) when was buil al masjed al hyaram …it was only one ))…small one buil by khalif Omar …Mohamed was already expire …so can you understand ???
      THANK YOU IF YOU OPEN YOUR MIND

  17. Pingback: 8 THINGS YOU DIDN’T KNOW ABOUT MASJID AL-AQSA | PASS THE KNOWLEDGE (LIGHT & LIFE)

  18. Avatar

    firdaus wanjiru

    November 15, 2014 at 12:44 PM

    Assalam aleykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu.am doing a school research on Masjid Al Aqsa and its during my search that i came across this article.so was asking if you know of an authentic site or a book i can use to assist in my research.by the way nice article.
    jazakallahu kheir.

  19. Pingback: Ten Things You Didn't Know About The Kaaba - MuslimMatters.org

  20. Avatar

    Jan muhammad

    January 3, 2015 at 12:59 PM

    Asalamu alikum thanks for ur valuable information abt masjid al Aqsa dear i hv heard abt thre is a golden base inside the masjid wre from our beloved prophet Muhammad pbuh was invited for the holy journey is this true.

  21. Pingback: “. . . checking over my shoulder to see if I am shadowed. . .” (Yousef Abu Loz) | Palestine InSight

  22. Avatar

    Abu Muhammad

    June 1, 2015 at 11:49 AM

    Can you give me your sources on the history of Masjid al-Aqsa as being built on the same foundation as Beteyel, the masjid erected by prophet Ibrahim. Also where can we read authentic sources about Beteyel?

    There is a christian theologian cum researcher by the name of Dr.Robert Cornuke that claims that the temple mount was not the site of the temple od Solomon but a Roman fort. Is the significance of al-Aqsa based on it being built on the foundation of Solomon’s temple?

  23. Avatar

    Taslim

    June 7, 2015 at 1:29 PM

    I am really thankful to the people who have provided this information.thankyou

  24. Avatar

    Hisham

    September 19, 2015 at 4:24 PM

    I am a little confused. Al Aqsa was built by The first Umayyad ruler, Mu’awiya, between 688-691. How was it possible that the Quran would mention the Massjid Al Aqsa as the place where prophet Mohamad (pbuh) ascended to heaven when it was not built during the prophets life time? Is it possible that the quran was referring to another Massjid Al-Aqsa?

    • Avatar

      beleiveinonegod

      September 20, 2015 at 12:44 PM

      this can happen in folklore and when oral traditions are written down with embellishments to make the narrative more impactful and believable to the uneducated, highly superstitious and god fearing multitudes.

      • Avatar

        hisham

        September 20, 2015 at 12:56 PM

        Thats not the reason. I done more research today and discovered that Al-Aqsa that the Quran refers to, is actually the whole compound which was known as Massjid Al-Aqsa. Not the actual ‘Dome of the Rock’ that was built by the first Umayyad ruler, Mu’awiya. So the Quran was referring to the ancient temple of Prophet Solomon also known as a place of worship and prostration to the one God.

      • Avatar

        kris

        October 6, 2015 at 1:09 AM

        The Night journey and subsequent flight on a winged horse to heaven from the Al Aqsa Mosque (Which wasnt even built then) is obviously a fabrication simply to give legitimacy to Islam’s claim for a Holy site in Jerusalem.
        Not content with their own 2 Holy sites of Medina and Mecca they have to lay claim to the only Holy site for Jews and Christians so that this gives them the foundation for further attacks on the preceding religions that they are determined and have been determined throughout their history to eventually obliterate and establish ‘The last and final prophet’ throughout the entire world.

  25. Pingback: Comment on 8 Things You Didn’t Know About Masjid Al-Aqsa by Hisham | Souqhub | Blog

  26. Pingback: Al-Aqsa Mosque under Jewish attack | Uprootedpalestinians's Blog

  27. Avatar

    J

    September 25, 2015 at 10:31 AM

    Very interesting article, except for a few inaccuracies:

    1. The Israeli flag was never flown from the dome of the rock.

    2. The mounting not under siege. The excavations are archeological in nature and are meant to better understand and preserve history. They are certainly not destructive in any way and are carried out by Israel’s ministry of antiquities, which is the best in the world. This is the exact opposite of how the Waqf just destroys any archeological evidence of Jewish ties to the site. The only thing about the visits to the mount that are “unauthorized” is that the visitors are not Muslim and some dare to even want to pray at the site, which happens to also be the holiest site in the world in Judaism.

    Lastly, they’re are no serious efforts to destroy al aksa and rebuild a Jewish temple on the site. That is propaganda that is spread in order to stir up Muslim sentimentalities against Israel.

    • Avatar

      isaac

      February 15, 2016 at 4:22 PM

      its a shame that people in the muslim world are so easily led by fear mongers. i’m Jewish, the synagogue i belong to does not believe in the building of the third temple. if they wanted to build the temple; they would have done it by now.
      i came to this article with a genuine interest in the history. it was interesting that it made only one reference to the old temple. surely the fact that al-aqsa stands on the ruins of the holiest site in Judaism (the religion it owes its existence to), is worthy of note!

  28. Avatar

    M A Hussain

    September 30, 2015 at 2:10 AM

    Mr. Waseem – You have a valid passport, so just fly to Jordan (Amman) & you will be provided a visa for Jordan at the airport. That visa will be workable for your complete trip. With that visa there are 2 options, as stated:
    1. While entering Jerusalem inform at the border that you will come back to Amman & fly back to UK.
    2. While entering Jerusalem inform at the border that you will not return back & fly from Tel Aviv.

    Do not get the visa stamped from UK, as I visited recently with Canadian Passport under the same situation. There were many tourists like me from UK, Canada, US, Poland – – -. For your information whole of the old Jerusalem area is on 144 acres, covering the whole Al-Aqsa & the surroundings with different small mosques, churches, convents & other worship places.

    All the best with your trip.

  29. Avatar

    Manzoor Rabbani

    October 13, 2015 at 1:39 AM

    According to Islamic Scholar’s.

    In Isalmic history Hazrath Dawood alhi was salaam was the first Prophet to construct a Mosque at Bait Ul Muqaddas.

    Hazrath Suleiman alhi was salaam, later expanded this with the help of jinns.
    He built a raised Platform with huge stone blocks with Maqaam a Sakhra as its centre.

    Hazrath Moosa alihi was salaam was also commanded by Allah to make Maqaam a Sakhra his Qibla. And he build a Grand Mosque around it.

    This GRAND MOSQUE was first Destroyed by Firoun of Egypt and later by the Romans, Byzantines, Christians and other invaders.

    On the night of Meraj Our Holy Prophet Huzoor Sallalahu Alhi Wa Sallam led the prayers facing Maqaam a Sakhra as KAABATULLAH had not yet been made the Qibla.

    During the Kilafat of Hazrath Umer Farooq Raziallah Anhu, Palestine (present day Jeruselam) was for the first time conquered by the Muslim army. He immediately started searching for the sacred site.
    All he saw was a huge pile of debris, Hazrath Umer Farooq Raziallah Anhu looked around for Maqaam A Sakhra, he saw the stone slab under the pile of debris,he recognised the same as it had been described by our Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alhi Wa Sallam.

    He removed his cloak with which he cleaned the area.The Muslim army cleared the whole area with great respect and looked at Hazrath Umer Farooq Raziallah Anhu as to what he would do next.He stood in the small cave and facing KAABATULLAH bowed down in Prayers.

    Accompanied with the other Shaaba he looked around for a suitable place to build a Mosque in the vast platform and ordered a Mosque to be built with the Mehrab on the SOUTHERN side of the platform since Palestine is to the north of Mecca. And a Mosque was constructed.

    Sultan Malik ibn Marwan later expanded the Mosque and also constructed a beautifull Golden Dome on top of Maqaam A Sakhra.

    The Crusaders invaded Palestine and destroyed much of what Sultan Malik ibn Marwan had built.The Christians placed a cross on top of the dome. The Mosque was converted to a Church.

    Sultan Salahuddin Aiyubi reconqured Palestine and reconstructed the Mosque and Maqaam A Sakhra.And he built a metal curtain around the stone slab as people started to chip away small peices of the stone for Barkkat.

    The Turkey Sultans of the Ottaman Empire ruled Palestine until 1928.

    From 1929 to 1948 it was under British rule.

    In 1948 the Americans and British and handed it over to the jews the palestines were driven out of their homes and many were martyred.

    IN 1967 IN THE SIX DAY WAR AFTER ENTERING BAIT UL MUQQADAS, THEY WANTED TO BLOW UP BOTH THE MOSQUE AND MAQAAM A SAKHRA WITH 100 Kgs OF EXPLOVISES.
    BUT BY THE GRACE OF ALMIGHTY ALLAH THEY WERE DUMBSTRUCK, THEY LEFT HARAM SHERIFF AFTER A FEW HOURS GIVING BACK INCHARGE TO THE WAKF.

    HOW CAN WE DIFFRENCIATE BETWEEN THE MOSQUE AND MAQAAM A SAKRAH.
    THEY ARE WITHIN THE BOUNDERIES OF HARAM SHERIFF.THE WHOLE AREA AND ITS SURRONDINGS ARE BLESSED BY ALLAH.

    THE MOSQUE WHICH WE SEE TODAY IS IN THE SOUTHERN PORTION OF BAIT UL MUQADDAS WAS FIRST BUILT DURING THE TIME OF HAZRATH UMER FAROOQ RAZIALLAH ANHU.AND LATER REBUILT BY OTHERS.

    THE GRAND MOSQUE BUILT IN THE ENTIRE COMPLEX BY THE EARLIER PROPHETS WAS DESTROYED BY THE ENEMIES OF ISLAM.

    MAQAAAM A SAKHRA IS THE CENTRE OF MASJID AKSA(HARAM SHERIFF) IT THE PLACE OF PRAYERS OF PROPHETS OF ISLAM AND THE PLACE OF ACCEPTENCE OF THEIR DUA’S. IT IS THE QIBLA AWWAL. ALLAH HAS BLESSED THE PLACE AND ITS SOURRINDINGS.

    MUSLIMS DISPLAY THE PHOTO OF MAQAAM A SAKHRA IN THEIR HOMES AND OFFICES (IT IS EVEN DISPLAYED ON OUR PRAYER MATS).FOR BARAKKAT AS IT IS THE HEART OF BAIT UL MUQADDAS LIKE HOW KAABA IS THE HEART OF HARAM SHERIFF IN MECCA MOUIZMA.

    IT IS THE PLACE FROM WHERE THE HEAVENLY STEED BURRAQ ALONG WITH HAZRATH GIBRAIL (A.S.)LEFT FOR MERAJ WITH OUR HOLY PROPHET HUZOOR SALLALLAHU ALHI WA SALLAM.

    THE MOSQUE IN THE MASJID AKSA COMPOUND IS SLOWLY BEING DAMAGED BY THE JEWS BY DIGGING UNDERNEATH ITS FOUNDATION.

    FIRSTLY NO SANE MAN IN THE CORRECT STATE OF MIND WILL EVER THINK OF DESTROYING/REMOVING A MOSQUE

    SECONDLY IF A NATURAL CALAMITY WERE TO HAPPEN. THE MOSQUE WILL BE REBUILT INSHALLAH ON A MUCH GRANDEUR SCALE.

    THIRDLY IF SOMEONE WERE TO ”MAZALLAH” DESTROY OR REMOVE THE MOSQUE DELEBIRATELY, MAY ALLAH BURN HIM HELL FIRE OF THE FIRST DEGEREE. HE IS AN ENEMY OF ALLAH AND ALLAH WILL DESTROY THEM.

    THE JEWS WANT TO DESTROY THE MOSQUE AND MAQAAM A SAKHRA, AND TAKE FULL CONTROL OF BAIT UL MUQADDAS THEY ARE TRYING IN ALL WAYS AND MEANS AND ARE SAYING THAT IT IS THEIR’S KINGS PALACE.

    ALLAH PROTECT US FROM THIS SHIATEEN ”AMEEN” .THE PEOPLE OF PALESTINE ARE FIGHTING TO LIBERATE BAIT UL MUQADDAS. ALLAH WILL HELP THEM AND INSHALLAH BAIT UL MUQADDAS WILL BE LIBERATED ONCE AGAIN.

    MAY ALLAH FOR THE SAKE OF HIS BELOVED PROPHET MUHAAMMED UR RASOOLAH SALLAL LAHU ALHI WA SALLAM FORGIVE ME FOR ANY OMMISIONS/MISTAKES WHILE WRITING THIS.

    Manzoor Rabban

  30. Avatar

    Bilal Yaqoob

    November 2, 2015 at 12:09 PM

    The structure with the golden globe is not Masjid Al-Aqsa note that .

  31. Avatar

    zaid

    November 30, 2015 at 9:40 AM

    I have been in all aqsa mosque and the dome of the rock and prayed there it is a truly wonderful site

    I have also prayed there and I’m only 12!!!

  32. Avatar

    mohd shamim

    February 22, 2016 at 1:09 AM

    My any brother can me send masjid alaksa pic plz I want to history of this mosq plz

  33. Avatar

    Raj

    March 12, 2016 at 12:37 PM

    Brother wanjid:
    With all respect to Umar.
    On your number 6 comment.
    Umar did not free the Jews.
    Please read holly bible.
    Cyrus the Great (c. 600 or 576 – 530 BC) figures in the Hebrew Bible as the patron and deliverer of the Jews. He is mentioned 23 times by name and alluded to several times more.[1] From these statements it appears that Cyrus the Great, king of Persia, was the monarch under whom the Babylonian captivity ended, for according to the Bible, in the first year of his reign he was prompted by God to make a decree that the Temple in Jerusalem should be rebuilt and that such Jews as cared to might return to their land for this purpose. Moreover, he showed his interest in the project by sending back with them the sacred vessels which had been taken from the First Temple and a considerable sum of money with which to buy building materials. The existence of the decree has been challenged.

  34. Avatar

    Feresh

    March 19, 2016 at 5:30 PM

    I love this article. Every time I read about our history, I’m torn between admiration and feelings of guilt (due to the lack of knowledge). Yet history opens so many doors in our minds and most of all, helps us understand and get to know ourselves so much better. Still, it seems to be the most neglected part of our quest for knowledge (at least here in Germany, which is one reason why I do believe muslimmatters should be made available to German muslims as well).
    Very inspiring, jazzakAllah khayr for contributing both as a helpful hand (job) and a thinking mind (passion), Dr. internat. Director!

  35. Avatar

    Masjid Al Aqsa

    April 7, 2016 at 12:52 PM

    Subhanallah Alhamdulillah Lailaha Illallahu Allahu Akbar, this is very valuable information about Masjid Al Aqsa. I was totally unaware of facts and figures of it.

  36. Avatar

    ibrar hashmi

    April 8, 2016 at 1:34 PM

    SubhanAllah, JazzakAllah khair. This is very great job for the knowledge of Muslim um-ma. Please be careful in giving any such statement that should be supported with confirm evidence.

  37. Avatar

    Snober

    May 4, 2016 at 6:48 PM

    Subhan’Allah Jazak’Allah

  38. Avatar

    Abdul Mustafa

    May 13, 2016 at 12:49 PM

    Very informative article
    Jazak Allah
    but what is the current status over there
    do muslims pray there peacefully ???

  39. Avatar

    Nicky

    May 24, 2016 at 3:38 AM

    Tear it down. Restore the jewish temple. The alaqsa is originaly a church. Restore that one too.

    • Avatar

      Abdullah

      June 20, 2016 at 1:52 PM

      InshaAllah, Allah will liberate Al Aqsa once again in our life times and we will have the ability to pray in it, outside of occupation. Ameen ya Rabb’ul Aalimeen. As for you Nicky, for non-Zionist Jews, having the compound controlled by Muslims is a blessing for true Jews too. The state of affairs today is not just impacting the Muslims, the Christians and Jews are feeling the effects of the occupation albeit to a lesser extent. You would be fooled to think Al Aqsa and Palestine will not be liberated again. History only repeats itself. Until the next Umar RA or Salahuddin Ayubi awakens, good luck with whatever it is you think will happen.

    • Avatar

      chanah

      November 12, 2016 at 2:18 PM

      I agree with tear down the al aqsa and rebuildt the Temple and also if the al aqsa was a church then restore it

  40. Pingback: More problems in the 6th edition of Macmillan geography textbook (Petra Marquardt-Bigman) – 24/6 Magazine

  41. Avatar

    Micha Berger

    September 13, 2016 at 2:57 PM

    In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.
    Glory be to Him, Who transported His Servant one night from the Masjid-i-Haram to the distant Temple, whose surroundings We have blessed, so that we might show him some of Our Sings: the fact is that He alone is All-Hearing and All-Seeing.
    Before this We had given the Book to Moses and made it a means of guidance for the Israelites with this Command: “Do not make .any other guardian than Myself. You are the descendants of those whom We bore in the Ark with Noah, and he was truly a grateful servant”. Besides this, We forewarned the Israelites in the Scriptures: You will work great mischief twice in the land and will become overbearingly arrogant. When the occasion of the first of the two mischiefs came, O Israelites, We raised against you such of Our servants who were very mighty and formidable; so they penetrated through all parts of your country. This was a warning that was bound to be fulfilled. Then after this We afforded you an opportunity to over-power them and helped you with abundance of riches and children and increased you far more in numbers than before. Behold! If you did good it proved to be good for yourselves and if you committed evil it proved to be bad for your own selves. Then, when the time came for the fulfillment of the second warning, We set other enemies on you so that they might disfigure your faces and enter into the Temple just as the former enemies had entered and destroyed whatever they could lay their hands on. Now again your Lord may show compassion on you; but if you again repeat your former behavior; We will again visit you with. Our punishment, for We have prepared Hell to serve as a prison-house for the ungrateful people.

    Al Aqa must be the Jews’ Temple Mount, it says so in Surah Al Isra / Surah Bani Israil. To deny the Jewish claim is to deny your own.

  42. Avatar

    Java

    September 17, 2016 at 11:23 AM

    In the name of Allah The Beneficient the most Merciful, after reading all the above articles especially from the non-muslims, who are quoting from the Muslim holy scriptures , The prophecies yet to be fulfilled will make clear of who are what, The Jews themselves are planting the garkhad tree by the thousands for its protection as its been prophecised that they will seek refuge behind these trees (but it wont help them), They dont even know that the Messiah they are awaiting is the Ant- Christ (Dajall), And it will be The Muslim Messiah who will end the rule of the Antichrist to bring peace in the world by killing the false Messiah. Yes Muslims are today inflicted with lots of problems by the West, even this has been prophecised (Muslims will be great in numbers but as weak as the ocean froth)We are at that stage today.So I say to my Muslim brothers and sisters that may Allah keep steadfast in Imaan, Remain good and strive to be a better human being and let Allah and his Will come to pass, for our peace lies in the fulfillment of propheciesm because anything that has been uttered from the lips of my Prophet (peace be upon him) has to happen. So Sabar is our only hope and remain good to each other and to mankind in general.Please bear in mind that the emmergence of the Antichrist is in the last stages according to world events and fulfilled prophecies, We seek refuge in Allah from the era of fitna .from the King if Fitna and from the Followers of the Fitna.

  43. Avatar

    missmuslimah9

    December 27, 2016 at 7:40 PM

  44. Avatar

    VJay

    January 4, 2017 at 11:43 AM

    Al-Baqarah 2:122 O Children of Israel remember My favor I bestowed upon you and that I preferred you over the worlds.
    Abdullah bin Amr reported that the messenger of Allah said: “There will come a calamity which will wipe out the Arabs. Their slain will be in hell. The tongue will be more severe in this than the blow of the sword.” (Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah)

  45. Avatar

    Samer

    May 18, 2017 at 4:38 AM

    Salam Brothers,
    I read someplace that the guy who set the holy masgid on fire was fanatic christian, not zionist jew, is it true?

    Thanks Samer

  46. Avatar

    Abdul

    August 11, 2018 at 10:20 AM

    Jazakumullahu khair for your good work in putting this info togrther. Very sad that i sit here and watch as the jews kill and destroy palestine from exsistance. All the thousand year old zeytoun olive trees, salahuddines building, his history, his armys sacrifices all the muslims sacrifices just to get the holy land back, all muslim graves are being dug up and deleted. When will we stand up to represent islam. If we dont we will regret it. Dont wait until alaqsa is destroyed prepare yourself before its too late

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#Culture

Emotional Intelligence: A Tool for Change  

Imam Mikaeel Smith

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Why do we consider emotional intelligence to be half of the Prophetic intellect? The answer lies in the word “messenger.” Messengers of Allah are tasked with the divine responsibility of conveying to humanity the keys to their salvation. They are not only tasked with passing on the message but also with being a living example of that message.

When ʿĀʾishah, the wife of the Prophet ﷺ, was asked to explain the character of the blessed Prophet ﷺ, her reply was, “His character was the Qurʾān.[1]” We are giving emotional intelligence a place of primacy in the construct of Prophetic intelligence because it seems implausible that Allah would send a messenger without providing that messenger with the means necessary to exemplify and transmit the message to others. If the Prophets of Allah did not have the necessary knowledge and skills needed to successfully pass on the message to the next generation, the argument would be incomplete. People could easily excuse themselves of all accountability because the message was never conveyed.

We also see clear examples in the Qur’ān that this knowledge was being perpetually perfected in the character of the Prophet ﷺ. Slight slips in his Emotional Intelligence were rare, but when they did occur, Allah gently addressed the mistake by means of revelation. Allah says in the Qurʾān, “If you (O Muḥammad) were harsh and hardhearted, then the people would flee from you.” This verse clearly placed the burden of keeping an audience upon the shoulders of the Prophet ﷺ. What this means is that the Prophet ﷺ had to be aware of what would push people away; he had to know what would create cognitive and emotional barriers to receptivity. When we study the shamāʾil (books about his character), we find that he was beyond exceptional in his ability to make people receptive. He took great care in studying the people around him and deeply understanding them. Only after the Prophet ﷺ had exhausted all the means of removing barriers to receptivity would the responsibility to affirm the message be shifted to those called to it.

Another example of this Prophetic responsibility can be found in the story of Prophet Mūsa when he was commissioned to call Pharaoh and the children of Israel to Allah. When Allah informed him of the task he was chosen for, he immediately attempted to excuse himself because he had a slight speech impediment. He knew that his speech impediment could potentially affect the receptivity of people to the message. He felt that this disqualified him from being a Prophet. He also felt that the act of manslaughter he committed might come between the people and guidance. All of these examples show that Allah’s Prophets understood that many factors can affect a person’s receptivity to learning something new, especially when the implications of that new information call into question almost every aspect of a person’s identity. History tells us that initially, people did not accept the message of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ; they completely rejected him and accused him of being a liar.

One particular incident shows very clearly that he ﷺ understood how necessary it was for him to remove any cognitive or emotional barriers that existed between him and his community. When the people of his hometown of Makkah had almost completely rejected him, he felt that it was time to turn his attention to a neighboring town. The city of Ṭā’if was a major city and the Prophet ﷺ was hopeful that perhaps they would be receptive to the message. Unfortunately, they completely rejected him and refused to even listen to what he had to say. They chased him out of town, throwing stones at him until his injuries left him completely covered in blood. Barely making it outside the city, the Prophet ﷺ collapsed. Too weak to move, he turned his attention to his Lord and made one of the most powerful supplications made by a Prophet of Allah.

اللهم إليك أشكو ضعف قوتي، وقلة حيلتي، وهواني على الناس، يا أرحم الراحمين، أنت أنت رب المستضعفين وأنت ربي، إلى من تكلني؟ إلى عدو يتجهمني؟ أو إلى قريب ملكته أمري؟ إن لم يكن بك علي غضب فلا أبالي، غير أن عافيتك أوسع لي، أعوذ بنور وجهك الذي أشرقت له الظلمات، وصلح عليه أمر الدنيا والآخرة، من أن ينزل بي غضبك، أو يحل علي سخطك، لك العتبى حتى ترضى، ولا حول ولا قوة إلا بك”

“Oh Allah, only to You do I complain about my lack of strength, my insufficient strategies, and lowliness in the sight of the people. You are my Lord. To whom do you turn me over? Someone distant from me who will forsake me? Or have you placed my affair in the hands of my enemy? [2]

The Prophet ﷺ felt that he was the reason why the people were not accepting the message. His concern that “my low status in the eyes of the people,” informs us that he understood that people naturally judge the seriousness of a message based on the stature of the message bearer. The people of Ṭā’if were extremely ignorant, so much that they adamantly refused to enter into any dialogue. In reality, this was not due to any shortcoming of the Prophet ﷺ; he demonstrated the best of character and displayed extreme patience in the face of such ignorance. But the beginning of the supplication teaches us what he was focused on: making sure that he was not the reason why someone did not accept the message.

Because his message was not geographically restricted like that of other Prophets, those who inherited the message would have the extra burden of transferring the message to a people with whom they were unfamiliar. The intelligence needed to pass the message of the Prophet Muḥammad ﷺ around the world included an understanding of the cultural differences that occur between people. Without this understanding effective communication and passing on of his message would be impossible.

A sharp Emotional Intelligence is built upon the development of both intra- and interpersonal intelligence. These intelligences are the backbone of EQ and they provide a person with emotional awareness and understanding of his or her own self, an empathic understanding of others, and the ability needed to communicate effectively and cause change. Emotional Intelligence by itself is not sufficient for individual reform or societal reform; instead, it is only one part of the puzzle. The ʿaql or intellect that is referenced repeatedly in the Qurʾān is a more comprehensive tool that not only recognizes how to understand the psychological and emotional aspects of people but recognizes morally upright and sound behavior. After that this intellect, if healthy and mature, forces a person to conform to that standard. Therefore, we understand the ʿaql to be a comprehensive collection of intelligences analogous to Howard Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences theory.

Taking into consideration the extreme diversity found within Western Muslim communities, we see how both Moral Intelligence and Emotional Intelligence are needed. Fostering and nurturing healthy communities requires that we understand how people receive our messages. This is the interpersonal intelligence aspect of EQ. Without grounding the moral component of our community, diversity can lead to what some contemporary moral theorists call moral plasticity, a phenomenon where concrete understandings of good and evil, right and wrong, are lost. Moral Education (Moral Education, which will be discussed throughout the book, is the process of building a Morally Intelligent heart) focuses on correcting the message that we are communicating to the world; in other words, Moral Intelligence helps us maintain our ideals and live by them, while Emotional Intelligence ensures that the message is effectively communicated to others.

My father would often tell me, “It’s not what you say, son; it’s what they hear.”

Interpersonal understanding is the core of emotional intelligence. My father would often tell me, “It’s not what you say, son; it’s what they hear.” From the perspective of Emotional Intelligence, this statement is very accurate. The way we interpret words, body language, verbal inflections, and facial expressions is based on many different factors. The subtle power of this book lies in the simple fact that your emotional intelligence is the primary agent of change and thus the most powerful force you have. You must understand how people perceive what you are communicating to them. What is missing from my father’s statement is the primacy of Moral Intelligence. Throughout this book, I attempt to show how the Prophet Muḥammad ﷺ demonstrated a level of perfection of both of these intelligences.

*With the Heart in Mind is available for pre-order at https://www.qalam.foundation/qalambooks/with-the-heart-in-mind

[1]Bayhaqī, Shuʿb al-ʾĪmān, vol. 3, p. 23.

[2] Ibn Kathir, al-Bidāyah wa al-Nihāyah, vol. 3, p. 136.

 

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The Languages of the Sahaba

Antar Abdellah

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Arabs – during the time of the revelation- were known as an illiterate nation for whom the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was sent from among themselves. Yet, there are instances in the prophetic hadiths that draw attention to some literate companions who were even able to speak and write in more than one tongue. In this article, we shed light at samples of the companions who were multilingual.

The Prophetic stand towards foreign languages:

One hadith is well known among current Muslims in which the Prophet ﷺ says: “Whoever learns a language of a people (other than Arabic), he becomes safe from their wickedness”. Although this saying is well known among Muslims, the fact is that it is not a hadith of the Prophet ﷺ. Hadith scholars say it is root-less, fabricated, but its meaning is sound. Another fabricated hadith is the one that goes “Seek knowledge even in China”. Some people deduce that one cannot seek knowledge in China without being able to communicate with the Chinse in their own language.

Although these two fabricated hadiths are well known, there is no real need for them to establish the importance of learning a foreign language as perceived by the Prophet ﷺ and the companions in their dealings. After all, the Prophet’s tradition (Sunnah) is not just verbal hadiths; it includes his dealings and actions. Prophet Muhammad ﷺ is known to have used messengers to carry his messages to kings and emperors after the 6th year of Hijra. He sent Hatib ibn Abi Baltaa to Egypt because he was knowledgeable about Greek that was spoken by the rulers in Egypt at that time. He also sent Jaafar Ibn Abi Talib to the king of Abyssinia, because Jaafaar learned their tongue while he was there in the first Hijra, where he spent more than 10 years there. The Prophet ﷺ even ordered some of his companions to learn the tongue of the Jews so as to translate for him the messages they used to send to him.

In addition, he ﷺ used very few non-Arabic words in his hadiths that were known to his interlocutors. In Al Bukhari, Um Khalid (the daughter of Khalid bin Sa`id) who was a very young child narrated “I went to Allah’s Messenger ﷺ with my father and I was wearing a yellow shirt. Allah’s Messenger ﷺ said, “Sanah, Sanah!” (`Abdullah, the narrator, said that ‘Sanah’ meant ‘good’ in the Ethiopian language). I then started playing with the seal of Prophethood (in between the Prophet’s shoulders) and my father rebuked me harshly for that. Allah’s Messenger ﷺ said. “Leave her,” and then Allah’s Messenger ﷺ (invoked Allah to grant me a long life) by saying (thrice), “Wear this dress till it is worn out and then wear it till it is worn out, and then wear it till it is worn out.” (The narrator adds, “It is said that she lived for a long period, wearing that (yellow) dress till its color became dark because of long wear.”)

In another hadith, The Prophet ﷺ said, “Near the establishment of the Hour, there will be the days of Al-Harj, and the religious knowledge will be taken away (vanish i.e. by the death of Religious scholars) and general ignorance will spread.” Abu Musa raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) said, “Al-Harj, in the Ethiopian language, means killing.”

These rare instances of using non-Arabic words in the Prophet’s speech do not mean that he knew foreign languages. Rather, it means that he knew a few words that were known to most people to whom he spoke. He used them for recreation purposes (the case of Um Khalid), or for drawing attention to the importance of the idea (the case of Abu Musa).

Bilingual Sahaba:

  1. Abu Huraira:

There different instances where Abu Huraira raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) spoke Faris (Persian). In Al Bukhari, Hilal ibn Usamah quoted Abu Maimunah Salma, a client of the people of Madinah, as saying:

While I was sitting with Abu Huraira, a Persian woman came to him along with a son of hers. She had been divorced by her husband and they both wanted custody. She said: Abu Huraira, speaking to him in Persian, my husband wishes to take my son away. Abu Huraira said: Cast lots for him, saying it to her in a foreign language. Her husband came and asked: Who is disputing with me about my son?

Abu Huraira said: O Allah, I do not say this, except that I heard a woman who came to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ while I was sitting with him, and she said: My husband wishes to take away my son, Messenger of Allah, and he draws water for me from the well of Abu Anabah, and he has been good to me. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: Cast lots for him. Her husband said: Who is disputing with me about my son?

The Prophet ﷺ said to the boy: This is your father and this your mother, so take whichever of them you wish by the hand. So he took his mother’s hand and she went away with him.

In addition to Persian, Abu Huraira is reported to have spoken in Abyssinian. In Al Bukhari, Abu Salama narrated that ‘Abd al-Rahman bin ‘Auf raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger ﷺ as saying:

There is no transitive disease, but he is also reported to have said: A sick person should not be taken to one who is healthy. Abu Salama said that Abu Huraira used to narrate these two (different hadiths) from Allah’s Messenger ﷺ, but afterwards Abu Huraira became silent on these words:” There is no transitive disease,” but he stuck to this that the sick person should not be taken to one who is healthy. Harith b. Abu Dhubab (and he was the first cousin of Abu Huraira) said: Abu Huraira, I used to hear from you that you narrated to us along with this hadith and the other one also (there is no transitive disease), but now you observe silence about it. You used to say that Allah’s Messenger ﷺ said: There is no transitive disease. Abu Huraira denied having any knowledge of that, but he said that the sick camel should not be taken to the healthy one. Harith, however, did not agree with him, which irritated Abu Huraira and he said to him some words in the Abyssinian language. He said to Harith: Do you know what I said to you? He said: No. Abu Huraira said: I simply denied having said it. Abu Salama said: By my life, Abu Huraira in fact used to report Allah’s Messenger ﷺ having said: There is no transitive disease. I do not know whether Abu Huraira has forgotten it or he deemed it an abrogated statement in the light of the other one.

So, while Abu Huraira used Persian in the first Hadith for communication purposes, he used Abyssinian in the second for expressing his anger. Did he try to conceal his anger by holding his tongue in Arabic, and releasing it in a foreign language? This may be the case.

  1. Zaid ibn Thabit:

Zaid is known as on the geniuses of the companions. He was the one entitled with the responsibility of collecting the Quran during the time of Abi Bakr and the time of Othman Ibn Affan. He tells us about how the Prophet (ﷺ) ordered him to learn a foreign language.

Narrated Zayd ibn Thabit: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) ordered me (to learn the writing of the Jews), so I learned for him the writing of the Jews. He said: I swear by Allah, I do not trust Jews in respect of writing for me. So I learned it, and only a fortnight passed before I mastered it. I would write for him when he wrote (to them), and read to him when something was written to him.

The hadith indicates that Zaid learnt Syriac/ Aramaic which the Jews used in their writings. Zaid states that only 15 days were enough for him to master the language. It seems that Zaid focused more on the orthographic system rather than the phonic system because he does not tell us about instances where he used Syriac/ Aramaic in speaking.

  1. Salman The Persian:

As Salman was a native speaker of Persian, he was the first choice for the companions when they wanted to communicate with Persians. Narrated Abu Al-Bakhtari: “An Army from the armies of the Muslims, whose commander was Salman Al-Farisi, besieged one of the Persian castles. They said: ‘O Abu ‘Abdullah! Should we charge them?’ He said: ‘Leave me to call them (to Islam) as I heard the Messenger of Allah ﷺ call them.’

So Salman went to them and said: ‘I am only a man from among you, a Persian, and you see that the Arabs obey me. If you become Muslims then you will have the likes of what we have, and from you will be required that which is required from us. If you refuse and keep your religion, then we will leave you to it, and you will give us the Jizyah from your hands while you are submissive.’ He said to them in Persian: ‘And you are other than praiseworthy and if you refuse then we will equally resist you.’ They said: ‘We will not give you the Jizyah, we will fight you instead.’ So they said: ‘O Abu ‘Abdullah! Should we charge them?’ He said: ‘No.'” He said: “So for three days he called them to the same (things), and then he said: ‘Charge them.'” He said: “So we charged them, and we conquered the castle.”

We can deduce from the story of Salman that in seeking the last prophet, he knew some other languages, especially Syriac/ Aramaic as he used to serve Jewish and Christian monks and read their books. It is also narrated that a group of Persians asked Salman to translate the opening chapter of the Quran (Al Fatiha) for them to be able to understand its meaning. It is reported that he translated it or part of it. If this is true, then Salman would be the first translator of the meanings of the Quran –or part of it- in history.

  1. ‘Abdur-Rahman bin Hatib

Although we know very little about ‘Abdur-Rahman bin Hatib raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him), he is reported in Al Bukhari to have saved a non-Arab woman from the punishment for adultery. It was during the reign of Uman Ibn Al Khattab that a Persian woman was forced to commit adultery. She came to Umar, and ‘Umar said in the presence of ‘Ali, ‘Abdur-Rahman, and ‘Uthman, “What is this woman saying?” (the woman was non-Arab) ‘Abdur-Rahman bin Hatib said: “She is informing you about her companion who has committed illegal sexual intercourse with her.” Umar realized that she didn’t know that adultery was prohibited in Islam and that she was complaining from her companion who forced her to commit it. So Umar released her.

  1. Abu Jamra Al Basri

Abu Jamra is not one of the companions. He is one of the Tabieen (followers). He used to keep the company of Ibn Abbas, and while Ibn Abbas is known as the turjuman (interpreter) of the Quran, Abu Jamra was the inter-lingual interpreter of Ibn Abbas. Abu Jamar said – as narrated in Al Bukhari, “I was an interpreter between Ibn ‘Abbas and the people.” Based on four instances of using translators (The Roman translator at the palace of Heraclius in Abu Sufian’s account, the hadith by Zaid ibn Thabit, the account of Abdur-Rahman ibn Hatib and the account of Abu Jamara), Al-Bukhari commented that “a ruler should have two interpreters.”

*******

These are just some instances of companions and followers who are narrated to have spoken or written in foreign languages. It is strongly believed that there were numerous cases of other bilingual transactions in the early Muslim community, but they were not recorded as they were not relevant to religious matters. Learning foreign languages then is deeply rooted in the Islamic tradition, and we do not need to go to China to prove this.

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The Life and Works of Shaykh Abdul Fattah Abu Ghuddah | Sh. Abdul Wahab Saleem

Shaykh Abdul Wahab Saleem

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One of the things that I noticed from the life of Shaykh ‘Abdul Fattāḥ Abū Ghuddah رحمه الله is that everything he wrote, said, and taught was done with utmost precision and perfection. Thus, everything he did became a reference.

Many today, speak or write the very first thought or idea that comes to their minds and thus all of it is lost as quickly as they tried to disseminate it.

Let knowledge become part of you. Let yourself grow with it. Let yourself get used to it. The more you consider this, the slower your “growth-rate” will become. However, your roots will be grounded and not every passing wind will shake your entire legacy.

One of my dear teachers, Sh. Khālid Marghūb al-Hindī, once said to me, “Even if it’s just one book that you get to write in your entire life, make sure it’s done right.” It’s not about how much you speak, write, tweet, or admonish, it’s about how well you do it every time you do it. That’s Iḥsān, and that’s what finds divine aid and blessings from Allah in the long run.

Shaykh ‘Abdul Fattāḥ Abū Ghuddah as among the people who had given Ijazah to Sh. Muhammad Yunus al-Jaunpuri (r). Here is a lecture I gave about the life of SShaykh ‘Abdul Fattāḥ Abū Ghuddah.

Reading and listening to the biographies of the great luminaries of Islam is a great way to shape ourselves and stay focused in these times which challenge us with many distractions. This is especially true with the recent luminaries of Islam as studying their lives, sacrifices, accomplishments, and achievements leave no room for the excuse that ‘these are just tales of the early generations’.

https://youtu.be/j3teq_xoaG8
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❝I took knowledge from approximately a 100 scholars. All praise is due to Allah! [I sought knowledge in] my city Aleppo amidst other cities in Syria, Makkah, Madinah, Egypt, India, Pakistan, Morocco, and other places.

I have nearly 100 Shuyūkh from whom I took and learned. Each one of them had his own sources and methodology. I never stuck to the opinions of any one person merely because he is my Shaykh and teacher. Rather, I stick to what I believe to be correct, the truth or better.❞

— Sh. ‘Abd al-Fattāḥ Abū Ghuddah رحمه الله

To learn more about the life of Sh. ‘Abd al-Fattāḥ Abū Ghuddah رحمه الله, watch this brief account of his life:

https://youtu.be/j3teq_xoaG8
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On the 9th of Shawwal, 22 years ago, a little before Fajr prayer the great traditionist and scholar of our times, Sh. ‘Abdul Fattāḥ Abū Ghuddah (r) passed away. At the time of his death and during the funeral rites the Shaykh had his index finger raised in the manner of a person saying tashahhud.

Thousands of people came to attend his janazah in Jāmi‘ al-Rajiḥī in Riyadh. The body was then transported to Madina in a private plane by a royal order and again thousands of people attended the janazah in al-Masjid al-Nabawī. Thereafter, the body was taken to al-Baqī‘ and the lines of those following the janazah were connected all the way to the Masjid itself. May Allah have his mercy on the Shaykh and grant him a high place in Jannah.

To learn more about the Shaykh, watch this brief account about the life of the Shaykh: https://youtu.be/j3teq_xoaG8
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