All Praise and Thanks are for Allah Alone – The Forgiver of sin, the Acceptor of repentance, the Severe in punishment, the Bestower (of favors). None has the right to be worshipped but Him, to Him is the final return.
This month of mercy will soon come to an end, and this post will be last in the Ramadan duaa series. Alhamdulillah we’ve learned during this blessed month to ask Allah for The Greatest Delight, The Best of Both Worlds and Success in the Hereafter.
We’ve saved the best for last, the Attribute of Allah that embraces all things, His Mercy. Allah ta’ala says:
وَرَحْمَتِي وَسِعَتْ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ
and My Mercy embraces all things. (7:156)
We should constantly seek forgiveness of Allah and turn back to Him while hoping in His Mercy and fearing His Punishment. What better way to end this month of mercy than by seeking forgiveness and mercy from Allah!
The Supplication of Abu Bakr
The first duaa is known as the duaa of Abu Bakr radi Allahu anhu. In a hadeeth in Saheeh Bukhari and Muslim, he narrated, “I asked Allah’s Apostle sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam to teach me an invocation so that I may invoke Allah with it in my prayer. He told me to say,
اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي ظَلَمْتُ نَفْسِي ظُلْمًًا كَثِيرًا وَ لَا يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ إِلَا أَنْتَ فَاغُفِرْ لِي
مَغْفِرَةً مِنْ عِنْدِكَ وَارْحَمْنِي إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ
Allāhumma Innī dhalamtu Nafsī dhulman Kathīran Walā Yaghfirudh Dhunuba Illā Anta Faghfir Lī Maghfiratħan Min ‘Indika Warḥamnī Innaka Anta Al-Ghafūrur Raḥīm
“O Allah, Indeed I have wronged myself excessively, and none can forgive sins except You, so forgive me out of Your forgiveness, and have mercy on me. Truly, You are the Oft- Forgiving, the Most Merciful.”
Please download the word for word translation here.
Selected Word Analysis
Dhalamtu/dhulman: Committed wrong. Dhulm literally means to place something where it does not belong. It also means to reduce the right of someone and to not give something in full that one deserves. In the Qur’an, dhulm is used to describe many things. Shirk is referred to as the greatest dhulm because those who ascribe partners to Allah are giving the rights of Allah to those who do not deserve those rights. It is also the greatest dhulm because ascribing partners to Allah is reducing the rights of Allah ta’ala. Allah also states in many ayat that He does not commit even the smallest amount of dhulm against anyone. This means that He does not reduce the recompense for anyone: whatever punishment or reward one deserves is what they will receive and He will not be unjust in giving the punishment. Furthermore, when one does not acknowledge the blessings of Allah and is arrogant, they are committing dhulm against themselves.
In this duaa, the dhulm we have committed against ourselves are sins. Why are sins referred to as dhulm? It is because when we commit sins we are disobeying Allah which is reducing His Rights.
Maghfiratan: Forgiveness. Maghfirah means covering the sin and not calling to account for it. When we ask Allah for His maghfirah, we are asking for our sins to be concealed and that He does not punish us for them.
Warḥamnī: And have Mercy upon me. Rahmah, mercy, means compassion, kindness and gentleness. It is when a person is kind, compassionate and tenderhearted towards the other. From the root of ‘rahmah’ also comes the word for ‘womb’. The Rahmah of Allah ta’ala envelops us and protects us, just as we were protected in the wombs of our mothers.
Al Ghafūr: The Oft Forgiving. This Name of Allah and the word “maghfirah” come from the same root. There are two opinions on the root meaning of this word. The first one means to cover, to conceal, and putting a shield over something. When Allah forgives, He protects His slaves from their sins just like a shield would protect the soldier and He conceals their sins from others. The second meaning comes from the word for a plant with which wounds are healed. It is said that sins are like an ailment, a disease or a wound on a person, and maghfirah is a cure that Allah gives us to heal the wounds that are all over us. The structure of “Ghafoor” denotes quality, indicating that He forgives sins that are small and big, those that are minor and major. If Allah is Al Ghafur, it means that He does not expose the sins of the sinner and covers their sins while He is fully aware of their wrongdoing, He protects them from the consequences of their sins, He forgives when He is asked and when He is not asked.This Name of Allah appears over 90 times in the Qur’an.
Al Raḥīm: The Especially Merciful. This Name of Allah and the word “rahmah” come from the same root. Al Raḥīm is the One who has a lot of Rahmah and the One who expresses a lot of rahmah. This Name denotes that Allah is the One who has extensive and great mercy but He expresses it on the ones whom He chooses, specifically the Believers. This Name of Allah appears over 100 times in the Qur’an.
These two Names are paired 72 times in the Qur’an. The link between Al Ghafūr and Al Raḥīm is that He forgives the sins, over and over again, out of His Mercy.
Memorize this duaa: [audio:http://muslimmatters.org/audio/dua/3.mp3]
Download it here.
Ali radi Allahu anhu narrated that the Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam used to recite this duaa in his prayer before saying the tasleem:
اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي مَا قَدَّمْتُ وَ مَا أَخَّرْتُ وَ مَا أَسْرَرْتُ وَ مَا أَعْلَنْتُ وَ مَا
أَسْرَفْتُ وَمَا أَنْتَ أَعْلَمُ بِهِ مِنِّي أَنْتَ المُقَدِّمُ وَ أَنْتَ المُؤَخِّرُ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَا أَنْتَ
Allāhummaghfir Lī Mā Qaddamtu Wa Mā Akhkhartu Wa Mā Asrartu Wa Ma A’lantu Wa Mā Asraftu Wa Mā Anta A’lamu Bihi Minnī. Antal-Muqaddimu Wa Antal-Mu’akhkhiru Lā Ilāha Illā Anta
“O Allah! Forgive me what I have done in the past, and what I will do in the future, and what I have concealed, and what I have done openly, and what I have exceeded in, and whatever You are More Knowing of than I. You are the One who Brings Forward, and You are the One who Delays, there is no (true) diety except You.” (Ahmad, Saheeh)
Download the word for word translation here.
Selected Word Analysis
Qaddamtu: I committed in the past. Qadam is an interesting word in Arabic because it can have opposite meanings depending on the context. Qadam can mean to advance and it can also mean something that was left behind or previously done. In a way these meanings are connected because deeds that we did in the past have been advanced to Allah. In this duaa, ‘qaddamtu’ means sins that we already did in the past.
Akhkhartu: I will commit in the future. Akhkhar literally means to defer or delay something. It also means something that comes later, or has not come yet or has remained behind. The hereafter is called the aakhirah because it is something that comes later and it is the last life. In this duaa, ‘akhkhartu’ means sins that we will commit in the future.
Asrartu: I concealed. This word comes from the root ‘sirr’ which means something done in private and is a secret. In this duaa, ‘asrartu’ means sins that no one knows about except for Allah.
A’lantu: I did publicly. This word comes from the root which means something that is done publicly and is manifest. In this duaa, ‘a’lantu’ means sins that were not done secretly.
Asraftu: I exceeded all bounds. This word comes from the root ‘israaf’ which literally means to eat away. Israaf not only means to be excessive, but it means to waste and be extravagant. Israaf means someone spends more in quantity than is actually needed. The who who transgresses is wasteful because they waste their own selves and destroy their moral and spiritual potential. In this duaa, ‘asraftu’ means those sins that we transgressed the bounds of Allah and may have done in excess.
Al Muqaddim: The One who Brings Forward. Al Muqaddim is a Name of Allah ta’ala which means the One who hastens or speeds whatever He wills. Allah can hasten our punishment if we do not repent for our sins.
Al Muakhkhir: The One who Delays. Al Muakhkhir is a Name of Allah ta’ala which means the One who delays or slows whatever He wills. Allah can delay our punishment until we repent from our sins. Out of His Mercy, He gives us respite and forgives much of what we do because if Allah were to take us fully to account for our wrong doings, not a single creature would remain on this earth. Rather Al Muakhkhir delays punishment so those who are sincere can repent to Him and those who disbelieve in Him can increase in sin.
Memorize this duaa: [audio:http://muslimmatters.org/audio/dua/4.mp3]
Download it here.
Since both of these duaas relate to the forgiveness and mercy of Allah, their points of benefits have been combined.
Points of Benefit
- The sunnah time to recite both of these duaas is during the tashahud before saying the salaam.
- The first duaa was given by the best, to the best. If the Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam and Abu Bakr radi Allahu anhu are calling upon Allah saying, “I have wronged myself greatly”, then where do we stand? We learn from this that we should be humble in front of Allah and never think ourselves to be better or more righteous than anyone.
- The Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam loves you. He made a duaa like the second one for his ummah after every prayer, showing how much he loved his ummah. ‘A’ishah radi Allahu anha narrated: “Once, when I saw the Prophet in a good mood, I said to him: “O Messenger of Allah! Supplicate to Allah for me!” So, he said: “O Allah! Forgive ‘A’ishah her past and future sins, what she has hidden, as well as what she has made apparent.” So, I began smiling, to the point that my head fell into the lap of the Messenger of Allah sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam out of joy. The Messenger of Allah said to me: “Does my supplication make you happy?” I replied: “And how can your supplication not make me happy?” He then said: “By Allah, it is the supplication that I make for my Ummah in every prayer.” [Al Bazzaar, Hasan]
- The nature of mankind is that we will sin, but the best are those who repent to Allah. The Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam said, “Were you not to commit sins, Allah would create people who would commit sins and ask for forgiveness and He would forgive them.” [Muslim] Allah ta’ala says in a beautiful ayah that includes both Names that are in the first duaa duaa and the word “dhulm”:
وَمَن يَعْمَلْ سُوءًا أَوْ يَظْلِمْ نَفْسَهُ ثُمَّ يَسْتَغْفِرِ اللَّهَ يَجِدِ اللَّهَ غَفُورًا رَّحِيمًا
And whoever does evil or wrongs himself but afterwards seeks Allah’s Forgiveness, he will find Allah Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (4:111)
- Only Allah, Al Ghafūr, can forgive our sins. To receive His forgiveness and mercy, forgive and be merciful to others. The Messenger of Allah alayhi salaatu wa salaam stated in a beautiful hadeeth, “irhamoo turhamoo, be merciful so Allah will be merciful to you, ighfiroo yaghfirullahu lakum, forgive others so Allah will forgive you.” In another hadeeth it states, “The merciful will be give mercy by the Most Merciful. Have mercy to those on earth and the one in the heavens will have mercy upon you.”
- We learn from the second duaa that Allah knows everything we do, He is All-Aware of our sins; those we do in complete secrecy that even our close relatives don’t know about and those sins that we do publicly and can be seen by the whole world.
- Feel regret for your sins but never give up hope in the mercy of Allah. If you commit a sin, repent immediately. Rasul Allah sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam said in a hadeeth, “”Allah, the Exalted, and Glorious said: `A slave committed a sin and he said: O Allah, forgive my sin,’ and Allah said: `My slave committed a sin and then he realized that he has a Rubb Who forgives the sins and punishes for the sin.’ He then again committed a sin and said: `My Rabb, forgive my sin,’ and Allah said: `My slave committed a sin and then realized that he has a Rubb Who forgives his sin and punishes for the sin.’ He again committed a sin and said: `My Rabb, forgive my sin,’ and Allah said: `My slave has committed a sin and then realized that he has a Rubb Who forgives the sin or takes (him) to account for sin. I have granted forgiveness to my slave. Let him do whatever he likes”. [Bukhari]
- We are deprived of great good when we don’t seek forgiveness from Allah. Nuh alayhi salaam tells his people, ” ‘Ask forgiveness from your Lord, verily, He is Oft-Forgiving; ‘He will send rain to you in abundance, and give you increase in wealth and children, and bestow on you gardens and bestow on you rivers.'” (71:10-12)
- When a person seeks forgiveness from Allah ta’ala, He forgives him, and He will do things that are not done normally to forgive that person. In the narration of the man who killed 100 people, Allah commanded the earth to shrink so that the person could be forgiven. Imagine the earth was reduced for him, because he was sincere! If we are sincere in our repentance, and we seek forgiveness, Allah will forgive us. It is only our arrogance that is holding us back, yet Allah is ready to forgive.
- Make Allah Happy! Allah loves those who repent and turn back to Him. (2:222) He azza wa jal laughs and is happy when one of His slaves repents to Him. The Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam said, “Truly, Allah is happier with the repentance of His slave than one of you who is on his mount, and upon his mount is his drink and food; then he loses his mount in the desert, and he searches for it until he loses hope; so he sleeps and then wakes up to find that his mount is beside him, and he says, ‘O’ Allah, you are my slave and I am your Lord’. He pronounced this mistake as a result of extreme happiness.” [Bukhari]
- Allah covers the sins on His slaves in this life and the next. The Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam said, “A believer will be brought close to his Rabb on the Day of Resurrection and enveloping him in His Mercy, He will make him confess his sins by saying: `Do you remember (doing) this sin and this sin?’ He will reply: `My Rabb, I remember.’ Then He will say: `I covered it up for you in the life of world, and I forgive it for you today.’ Then the record of his good deeds will be handed to him”. [Bukhari]
- Allah’s Rahmah is greater than we can ever imagine. The Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam said, “Allah created one hundred units of mercy on the Day He created the heavens and the earth. Each one of them can contain all that is between the heaven and the earth. Of them, he put one on earth, through which a mother has compassion for her children and animals and birds have compassion for one another. On the Day of Resurrection, He will perfect and complete His Mercy”. [Bukhari]
- Think of how much your mother loves you. Al Rahim is more merciful to us than our own mothers. Umar ibn Al-Khattab said: Some captives were brought to the Messenger of Allah. Suddenly, this woman saw an infant in the midst of the captives. She took hold of it, brought it into her bosom, and started nursing it. The Prophet then told the Companions, “Do you think that this woman would throw her child in the fire?” We said, “No, By Allah she would not, if she is able not to!” He then said, “Allah the Exalted is more merciful with His slave than this woman with her child.” [Bukhari]
How Merciful, how Compassionate, how Loving, how Forgiving is our Lord. Seek His forgiveness now, The Messenger of Allah sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam said, “Allah, the Exalted, stretches His Hand during the night so that those who commit sins by day may repent, and He stretches His Hand in the day so that those who commit sins by night may repent. He keeps doing so until the sun rises from the West.” [Muslim]
What are you waiting for?
5 Duas For Ramadan Therapy | Sh Yahya Ibrahim
Use these precious days and night to ask Allah in the best of ways
Dua 01 – #RamadanTherapy – The Magnificence of Ayat ul Kursi and its Power with Yahya Ibrahim
Allahu laaa ilaaha illaa huwal haiyul qai-yoom; laa taakhuzuhoo sinatunw wa laa nawm; lahoo maa fissamaawaati wa maa fil ard; man zallazee yashfa’u indahooo illaa be iznih; ya’lamu maa baina aideehim wa maa khalfahum; wa laa yuheetoona beshai ‘immin ‘ilmihee illa be maa shaaaa; wasi’a kursiyyuhus samaa waati wal arda wa la ya’ooduho hifzuhumaa; wa huwal aliyyul ‘azeem
“Allah! There is no god but He – the Living, The Self-subsisting, Eternal. No slumber can seize Him Nor Sleep. His are all things In the heavens and on earth. Who is there can intercede In His presence except As he permitted? He knoweth What (appeareth to His creatures As) Before or After or Behind them. Nor shall they compass Aught of his knowledge Except as He willeth. His throne doth extend Over the heavens And on earth, and He feeleth No fatigue in guarding And preserving them, For He is the Most High. The Supreme (in glory).”
Dua 02 A Treasure from Jannah – Last two verses of Al-Baqarah
The Messenger has believed in what was revealed to him from his Lord, and [so have] the believers. All of them have believed in Allah and His angels and His books and His messengers, [saying], “We make no distinction between any of His messengers.” And they say, “We hear and we obey. [We seek] Your forgiveness, our Lord, and to You is the [final] destination.”
Allah burdens not a person beyond his scope. He gets reward for that (good) which he has earned, and he is punished for that (evil) which he has earned. “Our Lord! Punish us not if we forget or fall into error, our Lord! Lay not on us a burden like that which You did lay on those before us (Jews and Christians); our Lord! Put not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Pardon us and grant us Forgiveness. Have mercy on us. You are our Maulâ (Patron, Supporter, and Protector) and give us victory over the disbelieving people.” (Al-Baqarah 2:286)
Dua 03 Salawat & Durood upon our Nabi ﷺ help us in all hardships & circumstances
Allahumma salli `ala Muhammadin, wa `ala aali Muhammadin, kama sallaita `ala aali Ibrahima, innaka Hamidum Majid. Allahumma barik `ala Muhammadin, wa `ala aali Muhammadin, kama barakta `ala aali Ibrahima, innaka Hamidum Majid
[O Allah, exalt the mention of Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as you exalted the family of Ibrahim. You are Praised and Glorious. O Allah, bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as You blessed the family of Ibrahim. You are Praised and Glorious.]”’ [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
Dua 04 The Greatest #Dua of Seeking Forgiveness
اللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ رَبِّي لا إِلَهَ إِلا أَنْتَ خَلَقْتَنِي وَأَنَا عَبْدُكَ وَأَنَا عَلَى عَهْدِكَ وَوَعْدِكَمَا اسْتَطَعْتُ أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ شَرِّ مَا صَنَعْتُ أَبُوءُ لَكَ بِنِعْمَتِكَ عَلَيَّ وَأَبُوءُ لَكَ بِذَنْبِي فَاغْفِرْ لِي فَإِنَّهُ لا يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ إِلا أَنْتَ
“The Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) used this particular expression – Sayyid al-Istighfar – literally, ‘the master of supplications’ to indicate that this is the best of supplications for those in need, and which will fulfil the need—sincere seeking of forgiveness”>Allahumma anta Rabbi la ilaha illa anta, Anta Khalaqtani wa ana abduka, wa ana ‘ala ahdika wa wa’dika mastata’tu, A’udhu bika min Sharri ma sana’tu, abu’u Laka bini’matika ‘alaiya, wa Abu Laka bidhanbi faghfirli innahu la yaghfiru adhdhunuba illa anta
O Allah! You are my Lord! None has the right to be worshipped but You. You created me and I am Your slave, and I am faithful to my covenant and my promise as much as I can. I seek refuge with You from all the evil I have done. I acknowledge before You all the blessings You have bestowed upon me, and I confess to You all my sins. So I entreat You to forgive my sins, for nobody can forgive sins except You.)
Shaddad ibn Aws relates that the Prophet said that he (Sayyid al-Istighfar) most superior way of asking for forgiveness from Allah is to say (the above du’a). That “If somebody recites it during the day with firm faith in it, and dies on the same day before the evening, he will be from the people of Paradise; and if somebody recites it at night with firm faith in it, and dies before the morning, he will be from the people of Paradise.”
[Sahih al-Bukhari; 8,75,318, at-Tirmidhi; 3393, an-Nasa’i; 5522, Ahmad; 16662]
Dua 05 When the Prophet’s ﷺ daughter felt weak he taught her this Zikr
حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنِ الْحَكَمِ، عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي لَيْلَى، عَنْ عَلِيٍّ، أَنَّ فَاطِمَةَ ـ عَلَيْهِمَا السَّلاَمُ ـ شَكَتْ مَا تَلْقَى فِي يَدِهَا مِنَ الرَّحَى، فَأَتَتِ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم تَسْأَلُهُ خَادِمًا، فَلَمْ تَجِدْهُ، فَذَكَرَتْ ذَلِكَ لِعَائِشَةَ، فَلَمَّا جَاءَ أَخْبَرَتْهُ. قَالَ فَجَاءَنَا وَقَدْ أَخَذْنَا مَضَاجِعَنَا، فَذَهَبْتُ أَقُومُ فَقَالَ ” مَكَانَكِ ”. فَجَلَسَ بَيْنَنَا حَتَّى وَجَدْتُ بَرْدَ قَدَمَيْهِ عَلَى صَدْرِي فَقَالَ ” أَلاَ أَدُلُّكُمَا عَلَى مَا هُوَ خَيْرٌ لَكُمَا مِنْ خَادِمٍ، إِذَا أَوَيْتُمَا إِلَى فِرَاشِكُمَا، أَوْ أَخَذْتُمَا مَضَاجِعَكُمَا، فَكَبِّرَا ثَلاَثًا وَثَلاَثِينَ، وَسَبِّحَا ثَلاَثًا وَثَلاَثِينَ، وَاحْمَدَا ثَلاَثًا وَثَلاَثِينَ، فَهَذَا خَيْرٌ لَكُمَا مِنْ خَادِمٍ ”. وَعَنْ شُعْبَةَ عَنْ خَالِدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سِيرِينَ
Fatima complained about the blisters on her hand because of using a mill-stone. She went to ask the Prophet for servant, but she did not find him (at home) and had to inform `Aisha of her need. When he came, `Aisha informed him about it. `Ali added: The Prophet (ﷺ) came to us when we had gone to our beds. When I was going to get up, he said, “‘Stay in your places,” and sat between us, till I felt the coolness of the feet on my chest. The Prophet (ﷺ) then said, “Shall I not tell you of a thing which is better for you than a servant? When you (both) go to your beds, say ‘Allahu Akbar’ thirty-four times, and ‘Subhan Allah’ thirty-three times, ‘Al hamdu ‘illah’ thirty-three times, for that is better for you than a servant.” Ibn Seereen said, “Subhan Allah’ (is to be said for) thirty-four times.”
Baby It’s Cold Outside: A Dua To Help You Make The Most of The Severely Cold Weather
لا ِاله ِالا الله ُمَا أشَدَّ بَرْدَ هذا الْيَوْمْ ، اَللّهُمَّ أجِرْنِيْ مِنْ زَمْهَريْرِجَهَنَّمْ – رواه ابن السني
Laa ilaaha illallahu ma ashadda barda hazhal yawm , allahumma ajirni min zamhareeri jahannam.
Translation: “There is no deity but Allah, How severe is the cold of today!
O Allah! Protect me from the severe cold of Jahannam”
Rasulullah is reported to have said: ” When a person recites this supplication, Allah says to Jahannam: “Verily a servant of mine has sought refuge in me from you, bear testimony that I have granted him salvation from you”
Here is a hadith that makes this clear.
Sayyiduna Abu Hurarah Radiyallahu Anhu reported that Rasulullah said: “ Jahannam complained to its Lord saying ;”Oh My Lord! Parts within me have devoured each other” So Allah allowed it two breaths; one in summer and the other in winter. Therefore the extreme heat that you experience (on earth) is caused by the heat of Jahannam and the severe cold too is due to the Az-zamhareer (the extreme cold section of Jahannam)
(Sahih Bukhari, Hadith 537, Sahih Muslim).
This article on Ilmgate explains the cold section of hell in detail.
A Powerful Dua for Happiness
‘Abdullāh ibn Masʿūd (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet ﷺ said, “No person (“no believer” in another report) suffers any anxiety or grief, and then says:
اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي عَبْدُكَ ، وَابْنُ عَبْدِكَ ، وَابْنُ أَمَتِكَ ، نَاصِيَتِي بِيَدِكَ ، مَاضٍ فِيَّ حُكْمُكَ ، عَدْلٌ فِيَّ قَضَاؤُكَ ، أَسْأَلُكَ بِكُلِّ اسْمٍ هُوَ لَكَ ، سَمَّيْتَ بِهِ نَفْسَكَ ، أَوْ أَنْزَلْتَهُ فِي كِتَابِكَ ، أَوْ عَلَّمْتَهُ أَحَدًا مِنْ خَلْقِكَ ، أَوْ اسْتَأْثَرْتَ بِهِ فِي عِلْمِ الْغَيْبِ عِنْدَكَ ، أَنْ تَجْعَلَ الْقُرْآنَ رَبِيعَ قَلْبِي ، وَنُورَ صَدْرِي ، وَجَلَاءَ حُزْنِي ، وَذَهَابَ هَمِّي
(O Allah, I am your slave, the son of your slave and the son of your maid-slave. Your command over me is forever executed and Your decree over me is just. I ask you by every Name belonging to You, which You have Named Yourself with, or revealed in Your Book, or You taught to any of Your creation, or You have preserved in the knowledge of the unseen with You, that You make the Qur’ān the life of my heart and the light of my chest, and a departure for my sorrow and a release for my anxiety) except that Allah will remove his sorrow and replace it with happiness.”
They asked, “O Messenger of Allah, should we memorize these phrases (of the supplication)?” He responded, “Yes, whoever hears these words should memorize them.”
Allaahumma innee ʿabduk, wabnu ʿabdik, wabnu amatik, naasiyati beyadik, maadhin fiyya hukmuk, ʿadlun fiyya qadhaa’uk, as’aluka bi kullismin huwa lak, sammayta bihi nafsak, aw anzaltahu fee kitaabik, aw ʿalamtahu ahadan min khalqik, awista-tharta bihi fee ʿilmil ghaybi ʿindak, an taj-ʿal al-Qur’aan al-ʿađ̣eema rabeeʿa qalbi, wa noora sadri, wa jalā’a huzni, wa dhahāba hammi.
Duʿā breakdown and reflections:
“O Allah, I am your slave, the son of your slave and the son of your maid-slave”
Ibn al-Qayyim stated in his book, Zād al-Ma’ād, that these words are full of recognition of who Allah is, and in it, the worshipper is calling upon the Lord, acknowledging the Creator, and presenting oneself as the slave of Allah, and the son/daughter of His slaves.
The supplicating believer also places things where they belong by recognizing (the following):
- that his fate is in Allah’s control
- that his destiny takes place according to the Divine Plan
- that Allah does whatever He Pleases with it
- that the servant can neither bring benefit nor harm to himself
- that he cannot bring about his own birth, death, or resurrection
- that he has no power to alter his decree except as Allah Wills
- that he is completely dependent on his Creator, Cherisher, Sustainer, and Lord
- that his own existence is subject to whatever Allah Decrees, and
- that Allah is Just, and what He Wills shall Be.
Your Command over me is forever executed and Your Decree over me is just.
This part of the supplication highlights two important points related to the Oneness of Allah:
- The first is the recognition and confirmation of fate, and that Allah’s Decree regarding His slaves shall unfailingly come into being, and that His slaves cannot escape it or repel it.
- The second point is that Allah is Just; He does not oppress His servants, and His decree takes place by virtue of His Knowledge and Divine Justice. This is because injustice represents the need, ignorance, incompetence, weakness, and inferiority of an unjust individual, and therefore, such attributes are not Divine, and they cannot come from one who is Omniscient, All-Knowing, Wise, and has no needs.
Allah is the All-Wise (Al-Hakeem), and thus His Wisdom is in effect wherever His Will is executed and ordained. Every atom and every cell in the universe and the entirety of His creation is in need of Him, but He is Rich beyond any need, and His Will affects all of His creation at all times and places. Belief in His Wisdom, therefore, must be combined with full acknowledgement and humble recognition that the slave is unaware of the full scope of matters, even when they are perceived to be difficult, for the All-Wise does not oppress His slaves. He tests them to elevate them, to purify them, to strengthen them, and to increase them in gratitude, guidance, resilience, and purpose. He plans for His slaves better than they plan for themselves, and He wants mercy and salvation for His slaves more than they want it for themselves.
We are in need of exemplifying gratitude towards Him, and as a result, He increases us in blessings for our action of praise.
وَإِذْ تَأَذَّنَ رَبُّكُمْ لَئِن شَكَرْتُمْ لَأَزِيدَنَّكُمْ ۖ وَلَئِن كَفَرْتُمْ إِنَّ عَذَابِي لَشَدِيدٌ
“And [remember] when your Lord proclaimed, ‘If you are grateful, I will surely increase you [in blessings]; but if you deny, indeed, My punishment is severe.’ “
I ask you by every Name belonging to You, which You have Named Yourself with, or revealed in Your Book, or You taught to any of Your creation, or You have preserved in the knowledge of the unseen with You…
The Messenger of Allah ﷺ is calling upon Allah by His beautiful Names and Attributes that He named Himself with, revealed in His Book, taught to any of His creation, or preserved in the knowledge of the unseen – to the extent that even the angels amongst His creation do not know of them – in a manner that is powerful, for such a prayer surpasses other prayers and is beloved to Allah and most certainly worthy of a response, because it highlights the slave’s humility, knowledge, and recognition of the Lord of the Worlds.
…that You make the Qur’ān the life of my heart and the light of my chest, and a departure for my sorrow and a release for my anxiety
The Qur’an, by Allah, is a cure for every type of illness in this world: mental, emotional, physical, and spiritual, if only we took it as a cure for everything, knowing that it is a means to rebalance the heart and retune the heart to its original natural disposition.
The Qur’an, by Allah, is a light for every type of darkness in this world, if only we embraced that light consistently, knowing that it removes the dark corrosions of sinfulness and heedlessness that accumulate in one’s heart.
The Qur’an, by Allah, is a relief for every type of sorrow and anxiety in this world, if only we resorted to it constantly through ease and through difficulty, knowing that it is a means of wiping away one’s stress, pain, anxiety, and sorrows.
The Qur’an as a cure, however, works only in proportion to how patient and sincere the believer is in embracing it, trusting in its effectiveness, and knowing that Allah’s Will, with His Speech as a prescription, will lead to an excellent and complete recovery, for Allah’s Promise is always fulfilled.
No person suffers any anxiety or grief, and then says … except that Allah will remove his sorrow and replace it with happiness.”
This is a guarantee from the Messenger of Allah ﷺ who does not speak about religious matters from himself but rather from revelation. This is a guarantee that the one who prays with this prayer, sincerely, humbly, gratefully, persistently, and patiently, will see that their sorrows are replaced with happiness. The one doing so, however, should not give up quickly on their supplication and should ideally implement as many of the etiquettes of duʿā as possible, such as repenting for one’s sins, being in a state of purification, facing the Qiblah, raising one’s hands, and so forth.
They asked, “O Messenger of Allah, should we memorize these phrases (of the supplication)?” He responded, “Yes, whoever hears these words should memorize them.”
This final part of the narration reminds us of at least two significant points:
- It is important to benefit from what we hear as believers, particularly when there is an advice to do so. With this particular narration in mind, remember that every human being will face some type of sorrow or anxiety at one point or another in their lives, and thus it is wise for the believer to know these words and to pray with them often.
- It is imperative as believers to also share this duʿā with others for the sake of helping them gain nearness to Allah and relief from their hardships, by His will, while being rewarded for our sharing of knowledge that is of vast benefit. The one who encourages others to do good is rewarded equally – every time they perform that deed – without the performer of the deed losing anything of their reward, as was authentically reported.
This duʿā is one of many reminders to bring us closer to Allah through sincerity, humility, gratitude, submission, and acknowledgement of His Majesty and the status of His Speech. Memorize this invocation and its meanings, pray with it frequently, and teach it to your loved ones, and may Allah the Exalted rectify your affairs, relieve you of your hardships, and reward you immensely for your patience and good deeds in this life and the next.
 Recorded by Aḥmad (4167), al-Ḥākim (1809), and Ibn Ḥibbān (984).
 See: Ibn al-Qayyim, Provisions for the Hereafter.
 Qur’ān 14:7.
 See: Qur’ān 53:4.
 Reported by at-Tirmidhi (2613).