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Yahya Ibrahim | Life Lessons from Sūrat ṬāHā: “Shepherding – The Way of the Prophets”

The Qurʾān is not a storybook of wondrous tales and ancient fables, isolated from the realities and complexities of real life. Each verse, in fact, each letter is miraculously precise in meaning, succinct in message and pure in sound.

 

Those of you who follow me on Twitter  will already be familiar with my short points of insight into Sūrat ṬāHā (#TafseerTaHa).  The life lessons that can be gleaned from any Sūrah are amazing, but in my opinion Sūrat ṬāHa, in particular, is unique in this regard.

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Recently I undertook teaching a course on ‘Tafsīr Sūrat ṬāHā: the Chronicles of Mūsā’, with AlKauthar Institute, that discusses the life lessons we can derive from Sūrat ṬāHa, the 20th chapter of the Qurʾān, which chronicles the life of Mūsā 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him).

 

The life lessons that may be derived from the Qurʾān are infinite. The more one contemplates it, approaching it with a sincere heart and giving it one’s full attention while recognizing its magnificence, the more one’s heart connects with the Almighty.

This post is the second instalment of what I hope will be many discussions on this life changing sūrah (the first part of which may be accessed here.

 

In verse 17 of this sūrah Allah, the Most High, asks Mūsā 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) a question and is answered:

 

 وَمَا تِلْكَ بِيَمِينِكَ يَٰمُوسَىٰ (١٧)

“And what is that in your right hand, O Moses?”

قَالَ هِىَ عَصَاىَ أَتَوَكَّؤُا۟ عَلَيْهَا وَأَهُشُّ بِهَا عَلَىٰ غَنَمِى وَلِىَ فِيهَا مَـَٔارِبُ أُخْرَىٰ (١٨)

He said, “It is my staff; I lean upon it, and I manage my sheep with it and I have therein other uses.”

-Surah ṬāHā, [20:17-18]

 

Life Lessons:

1-     Allah can see you right now.

Allah, the Most High, asks Mūsā 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) what is in his right [hand]. The implication being that Allah is observing Mūsā 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) at that very moment; moreover the question is not simply, ‘What is in your hand?’, rather Allah specifies which hand also. The question serves to reconcile the supernatural and miraculous conversation he is having with Allah with Mūsā’s 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) temporal and earthly reality, emphasizing that Allah is Near to him with His Power, Order, Sight and Speech while transcending the physical proximities of His creation.

It behoves you then that in your life you remain equally conscious that Allah observes and sees you and all that you do. Consider then what it is that you have in your right hand, what is playing on your Mp3 or your TV etc., what you have downloaded on your phone and what you have buried in your heart; Allah is witness to it all.

 

2-     Allah knows & provides you with the means to your success

Mūsā 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) utilizes a wooden staff to aid him in herding his flock, to lean on and to facilitate his travels through the rugged terrain that he is traversing. This same ‘ordinary’ staff is then given wondrous traits by Allah that Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) could not have imagined.

Likewise, in your life, what you are in possession of and have authority over today may be the means to your greater success in the future in a way that you cannot yet comprehend. Work towards this success by aiming to achieve the maximum benefit of your skills, possessions and authority and remain open to a world of possibility in the future, possibilities rooted in your means of today. And remember that for Allah all things are possible, such that the transition of day to night may witness an opening to success that you failed to comprehend.

 

3-     Full Disclosure

The revealed scriptures characterize the righteous as people of truth and honesty. Mūsā 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) was asked a simple question for which a one-word-answer would have sufficed; yet, he responded with full disclosure.

In your life understand that half the truth is falsity and that there is no honour in duplicity. Mūsā’s 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) response here demonstrates why he is fit for leadership and a position of trust, he states clearly what is in his hand and for what purpose. Our Messenger, Muḥammad sala Allahu alihi wasSalam, was the same, particularly when his action might otherwise be misconstrued.

In Saḥīḥ al-Bukhārī it is reported from ʿAlī ibn al-Ḥusayn that Ṣafiyya, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, reported to him that she went to visit the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, while he was in iʿtikāf, in the mosque, during the last ten days of Ramaḍān. She spoke to him for some time and then got up to return home. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, also rose, accompanying her to the door – near the door of Umm Salama. During this time two men of the Anṣār passed by and greeted the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who said to them, ‘Don’t be hasty! It is Ṣafiyya bint Huyayy.’ They were affected by the Prophet’s clarification and exclaimed, ‘Glory be to Allah, O Messenger of Allah!’ The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, explained, ‘Shayṭān gets to wherever a man’s blood gets to and I feared he might cast something into your hearts.’

 

4-  Wooden Staff – ʿaṣā  عَصا

A wooden branch is limited in its uses. Presumably, it can be used for firewood or put to use as a cane or staff to lean on, or as something to point with. When found lying on the side of a road, one’s curiosity would generally not be aroused by it, nor would one covet its possession. Yet, this lifeless piece of wood was previously a living branch to a breathing plant. It bore leaves, fruits and flowers and provided sustenance and shelter for those who sought shade under it.  Being cut away from the tree rendered it hollow, lifeless and worthless. Such is Sin. Sin (ʿiṣyān), ‘rebellion’ and ‘wilful sinfulness’, originates from this same concept.

Equally then, in your lives bear in mind that you are whole and your sins destroy this ‘wholeness’ and pollute your existence. Sincere repentance, however, brings you back from the brink of being a lifeless piece of wood, a description with which Allah, the Most High, designates the hypocrites:

كَأَنَّهُمْ خُشُبٌ مُّسَنَّدَةٌ

“[The Hypocrites are] as if they were pieces of (dead) wood propped up.”

 –Sura Al-Munafiqun [63:4]

 

5-     Service of Others

Mūsā 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) explains, in detail, the primary uses of his staff. He begins with “I lean on it.” He would rely on his staff in three ways:

1.   (a)    To prevent injury he sought its support when traversing rugged terrain.

(b)  When worn out and physically exhausted he would lean on it.

(c)   When injured he would push along and remain upright and attentive to the needs of his family and flock.

2.      To prevent injury to his flock, he would utilise his staff to remove brambles/thorns.

3.      To facilitate finding sustenance he would utilise his staff to beat down fruit, etc.

Keep in mind that shepherding a flock has been the vocation of every prophet of Allah and as such it is a term often used to describe one’s responsibility to family and society. We are all shepherds over something having responsibilities over them. Mūsā 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) possessed the traits of successful leaders: he was resilient, strong, patient, and clement in the service of those under his care.

 

6-     Justice is Life

Mūsā 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) would separate the larger, horned rams from the weaker, younger ones during their grazing and watering. So much so that when he observed one sheep ate more than others he would drive it away with his staff. His life was built on seeking justice and the pursuit of maintaining equity – even amongst his livestock.

Seek to establish justice whenever you encounter an imbalance in your life. Justice is one of the lofty aims of revelation, and Islam as exemplified through the Sunnah, the way of life of the Prophet Muḥammad, seeks balance in its purest form. This balance is justice, especially when it is difficult to accomplish. When the world is in shambles and our day seems like night, balance is re-established through justice! Allāh equates His Divinely revealed scripture and the clear evidence of its manifest Truth with balance that maintains justice (Read more about these themes here.

 

7-    Maximize your benefit, even from a lifeless piece of wood

Mūsā 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) calculates what he has to gain from his staff. He states that there are many other benefits that he has utilized it for in the past, and possibly more, unknown ones, in the future.

In your life always aim to seek maximum benefit, even from precarious situations that may outwardly appear a complete loss and even from objects that others would overlook. Think outside the box and be industrious and remain open to new, innovative, possibilities.

 

The Qurʾān refers to a wealth of human experience, seeking to enrich our lives on earth before our eventual return to our Maker, the Most High. As we proceed with our insights into Sūrat ṬāHā, I pray that our benefit increases.

The Prophet was commanded to follow his righteous predecessors and take heed from their trials and inspiration from their eventual and divinely-ordained triumph.

 

Allāh, the Most High, instructs us to contemplate the final Word and benefit from its lessons and parables:

وَلَقَدْ صَرَّفْنَا فِى هَٰذَا ٱلْقُرْءَانِ لِلنَّاسِ مِن كُلِّ مَثَلٍ ۚ وَكَانَ ٱلْإِنسَٰنُ أَكْثَرَ شَىْءٍ جَدَلًا (٥٤)

And We have certainly diversified in this Qur’an for the people from every [kind of] example; but man has ever been, most of anything, [prone to] dispute.

-Surah Al-Kahf [18:54]

 

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Ustadh Yahya Ibrahim is Canadian by birth & education, Egyptian through a rich ancestry, Turkish via the blessing of marriage to Songul and Australian by Choice of residence and migration.Since his early teens, in the 90's, Ustadh Yahya has been talking about Islam to Muslims and non-Muslims. He was blessed with numerous opportunities to meet, translate, study and teach alongside some of the Islamic worlds top scholars.Ustadh Yahya is blessed now to be living in Perth, Western Australia with his wife and three wonderful children – Shireen, Omar and Adam. He is a regular lecturer to Muslim and non-Muslim audiences their and around the world. Recently, Ustadh Yahya was awarded by the West Australian State Government the "Individual Excellence in Community Service Award."Ustadh Yahya is a passionate educator with a decades experience in school leadership as an Asst. Principal & registered Teacher.He, also, serves the Muslim community at Curtin University and the University of Western Australia as the Islamic Chaplain and teaches Islamic Ethics & Theology,internationally, with al-Kauthar Institute www.alkauthar.org .

6 Comments

6 Comments

  1. Avatar

    Ibn Siddique

    April 27, 2013 at 3:15 AM

    Beautiful share, Sh. Yahya. I really enjoyed it. In a khutbah, this story was mentioned, but the concentration was mainly on how Musa talked a lot about the stick just out of his emotions at being close to Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. This took that even further with an explanation of his words, subhanAllah.

    BarakAllahu feek.

  2. Avatar

    JIA

    May 4, 2013 at 3:22 AM

    Mr.Ibrahim, why don’t you utter salat after the mention the name of Musa (s.a.w.) the way you pay so much respect after the utterance of Muhammad (s.a.w.)? Isn’t all the Rasool of Allah deserve equal respect?

  3. Avatar

    Mohammad Rafique Etesame

    May 17, 2013 at 3:14 PM

    Very informative Islamic article Mr. Ibrahim, but I agree with Mr. /IA in this regard that you should write with the name of Hazrat Musa (Peace and Mercy of Allah be upon him) or (A.S.)or (s.a.w.) necessarily. Why not?

    • Aly Balagamwala | DiscoMaulvi

      Aly Balagamwala | DiscoMaulvi

      May 27, 2013 at 12:36 PM

      The necessary modification has been made. It was not the author but our editorial staff oversight and we have rectified. JazakAllahu Khairin for pointing this out.

  4. Pingback: Sourate Taha: 7 lecon tirees de la vie de Moïse (as) | Blog - AlKauthar Institute France

  5. Avatar

    zulqarnaini

    May 3, 2015 at 3:26 AM

    Jazakal Lah khyr

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30 Khawaatir in 30 Days- A Parent’s Guide | Day 17: Hajar and her Sa’i

Now that we have learnt about the best of you, let’s now talk about Hajar raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) and her sa’i.

Question: Can anyone tell me the common steps we have to take when we perform the Umrah or Hajj in Mecca? 

Yes! We have to make tawaaf around the Ka’bah, and walk/jog between the hills of Marwa and Safa, drink zam zam, and then shave or cut our hair. 

Question: Do you know who we’re emulating when we walk/jog between Marwa and Safa?

Hajar raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her)was a noble woman, who was also the wife of Prophet Ibrahim 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) and the mother of Prophet Isma’il 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him). One day, Prophet Ibrahim 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) was instructed by Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) to leave his wife and baby in the barren desert. There were no people there, no water, no animals; it was completely deserted. Hajar raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) asked Prophet Ibrahim 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him): “Did Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) command you to do this?”

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Prophet Ibrahim 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) replied “Yes,” to which she said: “Then certainly, He will not abandon us.”

After a while, Hajar’s raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) milk started to run out and so did her food. Baby Ismai’l 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) was crying and crying out of thirst and hunger. Out of desperation, Hajar raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) then starts running between the hills of Marwa and Safa, climbing to the very top of each hill and looking to see if anyone is there to help her and her baby.

After Hajar raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) runss between the two hills seven times, the angel Jibril  appears and strikes the ground where baby Ismai’l 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) is crying, and out gushes zam zam water that is still quenching the thirst of and healing Muslims until today! 

Question: Do you know the Arabic word for what Hajar raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) was doing? 

It’s called sa’i (to pursue, endeavor, to strive). When we are putting in our utmost effort, sometimes, we won’t see the fruits of our labor directly. Hajar  raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) did not see the zam zam gush out on the hilltop. Rather, Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) told Angel Jibril to strike the ground near Prophet Ismail’s 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) body. However, Hajar’s raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) effort is not lost with Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He). She had firm faith that Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) would not abandon them, and Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) rewarded and protected them. They were now in charge of the zam zam water; birds soon came to drink from it, and people soon followed. This once barren desert is now where millions of people go to perform Hajj and Umrah every single year. 

Question: I want you all to think of what your sa’i for the sake of Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) looks like. Do you feel like you are striving to please Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He)? When we look back at our family’s sa’i, will we be proud of it? 

Sometimes, we find ourselves only focusing on getting the zam zam, but we don’t want to put in the hard work that it takes to get there. So, every time you are struggling with a new idea, or doing a chore you don’t really want to do, or getting into the habit of learning how to read Qur’an and pray those extra prayers, remember that this is all a part of your sa’i and Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) will actually thank you for it.  Can you believe it?

 

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30 Khawaatir in 30 Days- A Parent’s Guide | Day 16: The Best of You

Now that we have learnt about fruit out of season, let’s now talk about the best of you.

I want you all to think about your closest friends and how you treat them. 

Question: Would anyone like to share how they try to treat their closest friends?

That’s wonderful! You try to be thoughtful and considerate of their feelings. You bring snacks to share with them, you may buy or make them a gift.

Question: Now, I want you to close your eyes and think of the way you treat your family members. Is it the same?

Question: Why do you think that there is a difference between the way we treat our friends and the way we may treat our siblings or parents?

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Yes, we do spend a lot of time together. We see each other when we’re cranky or frustrated. Sometimes we want our own space to think, or we don’t want someone interfering with our things. Those are all valid reasons. But, do you know that it is more beloved to Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) that you treat your family members better than you even treat your friends?

It’s true! In a hadith, Aisha raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) reported: The Prophet Muhammad ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) said: 

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ قَالَتْ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ خَيْرُكُمْ خَيْرُكُمْ لِأَهْلِهِ وَأَنَا خَيْرُكُمْ لِأَهْلِي وَإِذَا مَاتَ صَاحِبُكُمْ فَدَعُوهُ

“The best of you are the best to their families, and I am the best to my family.” 

Question: What are some ways we can be the best to our family members? I’m going to share with you a hadith that may help you get some ideas: 

وعن أبى أمامه الباهلى رضي الله عنه قال‏:‏ قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم‏:‏ “أنا زعيم ببيت في ربض الجنة لمن ترك المراء، وإن كان محقاً، وببيت في وسط الجنة لمن ترك الكذب، وإن كان مازحاً، وببيت في أعلى الجنة لمن حسن خلقه” ‏(‏حديث صحيح رواه أبو داود بإسناد صحيح‏).‏

“I guarantee a house in Jannah (Paradise) for one who gives up arguing, even if he is in the right; and I guarantee a house in the middle of Jannah for one who abandons lying even for the sake of fun; and I guarantee a house in the highest part of Jannah for one who has good manners.”

If we work on these three things: less arguing, no lying, and good manners, alongside all of your other suggestions, we will be rewarded with Jannah, inshaAllah

Question: Do you think we can all work hard to be the best to our family members?

 

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30 Khawaatir in 30 Days- A Parent’s Guide | Day 15: Fruit Out of Season

Now that we have learnt about making our intentions big, let’s now talk about fruit out of season.

Who can tell me who Maryam raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) is

Yes, she was the mother of ‘Isa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him), and also the best woman to ever live. Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) says in the Qur’an that He chose her over all the women in the world.

Question: Do you know that she was also the niece to a Prophet? Does anyone know her uncle’s name? 

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His name is Zakariya 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him), good job! Do you know that Prophet Zakariya  'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him)  was actually inspired by something he saw in Maryam’s raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) room? It’s unusual for adults to admit that they learn from younger people, but we actually do, all the time! 

One day, Prophet Zakariya 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) went inside Maryam’s raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) room and he saw fruit that was out of season. 

Question: Can anyone tell me what fruit would be out of season in the spring, but we love to eat it in the summertime? Can we get that same fruit in the wintertime?

Well, Maryam raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) would get fruit that was supposed to only grow in the summer during the wintertime too! This was a gift that Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) would give her. Zakariya 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) was so amazed by this! He asked Maryam raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) how she came upon the fruit and she replied:

 هُوَ مِنْ عِندِ اللَّـهِ ۖ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ يَرْزُقُ مَن يَشَاءُ بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ

“It is from Allah. Indeed, Allah provides for whom He wills without measure.” [Surat Ali ‘Imran; 37] 

Now, by this time, Zakariya 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) was very old. And when you get to be very old, it is very unusual to have any more children. Zakariya 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) and his wife never had any children at all. But, he was so inspired by what his niece said that he raised his hands in dua’ and asked Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) for a child. Even though having a child seemed  impossible because it was “out of season” for Prophet Zakariya 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) he asks anyway knowing that Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) can grant us anything- even if it is not “in season!”

Question: Can we get that same fruit in the wintertime?Did Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) answer Prophet Zakariya’s 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) dua’? 

Yes! Prophet Zakariya 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) was blessed with Yahya 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him), who too became a Prophet and was the cousin of Prophet ‘Isa  'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him)!

This shows us that it’s never too late or too early to ask for what our heart desires. Maybe Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) will grant you something that is out of season too!

 

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