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How to Extract Gems from the Quran

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Many of us have heard the beautiful gems Nouman Ali Khan gives in his tafsīr sessions. Whenever I’d take notes of the tafsīr sessions at LinguisticMiracle.com, I used to wish I could do just what he did the next time I read the Qurʾān.

Then I heard people who had a lot of experience with the Qurʾān praising his tafsīr sessions too. They said the tafāsīr were extremely powerful and in some ways unmatched (because he merged the different sciences of tafsīr into one combined study).

So I prayed to Allāh subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) to grant me the ability to understand Qurʾānic Arabic, and within a small period of time, I was able to grasp the meaning of the Qurʾān’s text and its linguistic beauty. Whenever I’d open a copy of the Qurʾān, I could feel the subtle yet powerful meanings Allāh subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) was conveying to us.

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I will share a brief yet detailed step-by-step method on how to extract gems from the Qurʾān and increase the pleasure you derive from your readings. Bi idhnillāh.

Layout:

I’ve laid this structure out similar to how Ustadh Nouman Ali Khan and Shaykh Abdul Nasir Jangda give their tafasir. They take the entire sūrah, and break it down into āyāt, and then they break down each āyah word for word. This is the focus of the outline, and I have divided it into 5 steps. Each step works its way up from a smaller scale to a larger scale.

After understanding the Arabic language, we can find gems through studying the basic layout of the language. This is how you extract gems from the Qurʾān.

Step 1 – Definitions of words through their pure roots, and identification of the types of words used i.e. their (verb or noun) pattern style, etc.
Step 2 – Placement of words in an ayah or sentence structure (Balaghah).
Step 3 – Placement of āyaat in a passage or ‘paragraph’ [Rukoo’] of discussion.
Step 4 – How all the different passages work together to form a theme.
Step 5 – To produce a conclusion by deriving the common theme and main message in the sūrah. (Through steps 1-4)

Step 1 – Focus on the Words and their Power

1. Look at definitions of words through their pure roots, and the types of words used i.e. their pattern style (verb patterns, rhymes, palindromes, etc.), the images the words portray, the sounds they make, etc. How can you do this? By discovering Literary Devices

 

Word Patterns

Verb Patterns: look at the verb patterns. What state are they in? If they are in Faa’il (Doer) form – imagine the object is a living object ‘doing‘ that action.

In Sūrah Taha 20:15, Allāh subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) says:

 Indeed, the Hour is coming – I almost conceal it – so that every soul may be recompensed according to that for which it strives.

 The Final Hour is ‘atiyah (coming) [the Faa’il (doer) form is used and depicts a picture of the Hour actively coming (as if it is walking and approaching us)].

When Allāh subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) tells us in Sūrat’l-Ḥāqqah 69:23 about the fruits of Jannah (Paradise):

69:23

Its [fruit] to be picked hanging near.

He says that they are  “daaniyah” [meaning: “close”] (But the verb form used  is in Faa’il (doer) form, so some scholars even say that the use of the Faa’il form shows that the tree itself ‘comes close’ to the Jannati  to feed him its fruit.

 

Meanings

1. Look at the word used, its root meaning, and its usage in:

  • Different contexts in classical texts (i.e. pre-Islamic Arabic poetry/speeches)
  • Different contexts in Qurʾān
  • Different explanations in ahadith
  • Different meanings and usages in dictionaries and lexicons

 

Allāh subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) tells us about Shaytan in Sūrat’l-Ḥijr 15:39-40 and Allāh subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) tells us the promise he made:

15:39

[Iblees] said, “My Lord, because You have put me in error, I will surely make [disobedience] attractive to them on earth, and I will mislead them all

 

15:40

Except, among them, Your chosen servants.”

I will misguide them all, except the mukhliseen ( مخلصين ) (see definition of root: Kh-lam-Sad ( خلص )

If you look at the precise word used and its root implication, you see that He will misguide all of us except the:

  1. sincere (Ikhlaas) slaves
  2. (Allāh’s subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He)) pure (Khaalis) slaves [those who are pure from shirk and sins)
  3. freed and liberated slaves:
    a.   Those who Allāh subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) has chosen to be saved by His Eternal Knowledge.
    b.   Who Allāh subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) will free and liberate from the Hellfire on Judgment Day by His Mercy.

 

  1. Study the harf* word used, and try to look at it from a literal, picturesque perspective.

 *Harf (Huroof) words are those small words which ‘connect’ a sentence together.

A word like “fee” (meaning “in”), or ‘Alaa (meaning ‘upon’), Ilaa (meaning ‘to’). Words like these can be looked at from a literal perspective to give more impact to the meanings of a sentence.

  • In Sūrat’l-Mulk 67:20:

67:20

Or who is it that could be an army for you to aid you other than the Most Merciful? The disbelievers are not but in delusion.

Allāh subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) tells us that the disbelievers are fi (in) ghuroor (deception) If we look at the word fi [meaning ‘in’] literally, it implies that the disbelievers are  literally engulfed in a graphic object called deception. So wherever they will look -they will always be surrounded by that deception.

  • If we look at the word ‘ila‘ (meaning ‘to‘) in Sūrat’l-Baqarah 2:257:

2:257

Allah is the ally of those who believe. He brings them out from darknesses into the light. And those who disbelieve – their allies are Taghut. They take them out of the light into darknesses. Those are the companions of the Fire; they will abide eternally therein.

We see that the devils are pulling the people out of the light (of the fitrah, the natural state humans are born in- believing in one Creator), and dragging them ‘to’ the darkness of disbelief and oppression.

  • If we look at the word ala (meaning ‘upon’) we can imagine someone being on top of what is being described, as if someone is sitting on top of a train.

So imagine there is a train called ‘manners’. Allāh subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) describes His Messenger as being ‘Alaa (upon)      constantly excellent and unmatched character and high morals. You can see an example of this in Sūrat’l-Qalam 68:4:

68:4

And indeed, you are of a great moral character.

We can then imagine someone upon excellent manners as being upon a train of excellent manners, so that wherever the train of perfect manners goes, that person will always be upon it and following it in goodness.

 

2. Look at the word used and look for harf* words similar to it, and then wonder why this one was used instead of the others.

In Sūrat’l-A‘rāf 7:19, Allāh subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) told Adam:

7:19

And “O Adam, dwell, you and your wife, in Paradise and eat from wherever you will but do not approach this tree, lest you be among the wrongdoers.”

And do not approach ( هَٰذِهِ ) haadhi al-shajarah – this tree.
By Allāh subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) telling Adam not to approach ‘this’ tree, it implied that this tree was near to where Adam lived. Why didn’t Allāh subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) use the word that?

If Allāh subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) said to Adam – do not approach; ’tilka’ ( تلك ) meaning ‘that‘ [feminine form of dhalika ( ذلك ) ] tree (shajarah), it would imply the tree was far from where Adam lived in the Gardens of Eden.

This one word ‘this’ (haadhihi ) shows that Allāh subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) tested Adam by placing the forbidden tree close to where he lived in the Gardens, just like when we have desires close to us and we are tested by them.

3. Look at the word used, and look for close synonyms to it, and then reflect on why this one was used instead of the others. i.e. إِنَّ اللَّهَ نِعِمَّا يَعِظُكُم بِهِ

In Sūrat’l-Nisā’4:58:

4:58

Indeed, Allah commands you to render trusts to whom they are due and when you judge between people to judge with justice. Excellent is that which Allah instructs you. Indeed, Allah is ever Hearing and Seeing.

 Surely Allāh is Ni’im (favorable) with what He advises you with…

Allāh subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) could have used many words to describe that He has been favorable to us by advising us to do good things, Sūrah Āle-‘Imrān:

3:164
Certainly did Allah confer [great] favor upon the believers when He sent among them a Messenger from themselves, reciting to them His verses and purifying them and teaching them the Book and wisdom, although they had been before in manifest error.

Other words for ‘Favor‘ include:

Fadl (فضل ): for something to be more in quantity than what is fair or expected. (i.e. I ask you for $1 and you give me $20 as a Fadl from you.) (see Sūrat’l-Baqarah 2:253)

2:253

Those messengers – some of them We caused to exceed others. Among them were those to whom Allah spoke, and He raised some of them in degree. And We gave Jesus, the Son of Mary, clear proofs, and We supported him with the Pure Spirit. If Allah had willed, those [generations] succeeding them would not have fought each other after the clear proofs had come to them. But they differed, and some of them believed and some of them disbelieved. And if Allah had willed, they would not have fought each other, but Allah does what He intends.

Mann ( من): favor or goodness. To remind another of one’s favor and to use it to impose oneself on another. It is also used for a heavy weight.

Ahsana ( أحسن): any commendable deed whether it has to do with the self or another. (see Sūrah Yusuf 12:100)

12:100

And he raised his parents upon the throne, and they bowed to him in prostration. And he said, “O my father, this is the explanation of my vision of before. My Lord has made it reality. And He was certainly good to me when He took me out of prison and brought you [here] from bedouin life after Satan had induced [estrangement] between me and my brothers. Indeed, my Lord is Subtle in what He wills. Indeed, it is He who is the Knowing, the Wise.

However, Allāh subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) chose to use another word instead; Ni’im (نعم), which means everything that fulfills a need and becomes a source of happiness.

Ni’m also comes from a similar word meaning Nu’oomah (نعومه): ‘softness’

So Allāh subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) specifically chose this word to tell us that He is:

Favorable (most common translation of Ni’m is ‘favor’) with what He advises us.
Fulfilling a need for us (by advising us) so we gain happiness.
Being ‘soft‘ with us in what He advises us with. He could have made the rules harder than needed, like the nations before us, but He was Merciful in His Law to us.

3. Next look at the word used and consider the antonym (opposite) to appreciate the power of the negativity in comparison to its positive meaning.

In Sūrat’l-Layl 92:4 ( إِنَّ سَعْيَكُمْ لَشَتَّىٰ ) Inna sa’yukum la shatta – Surely your travelling is no doubt diverse.

92:4

Indeed, your efforts are diverse.

Shatta ( شَتَّىٰ ) (means shatter or divide). But there are a lot of words that mean ‘divide’ in Arabic.

So what is this word’s opposite? It is allafa [ ألف ] (put together something divided as one united whole).

So we see that this āyah doesn’t just mean that mankind’s sa’ee (walking fast, traveling [to the next life]) is divided. Rather, it means our traveling was one and united once allafa [when all people followed the Guidance given to Adam], and now over time it has shattered, like glass breaks or shatters and now we are dispersing like breaking glass into different directions [shatta]. (Some traveling and doing deeds of the people of Hell, and others travelling and doing deeds of the people of Paradise).

 

Rhyme Patterns

Look for common and repeated patterns in the Sūrah.

In Sūrat’l-Ḥāqqah (69: 1-32) all of the words end in the letter ‘ha’ [ه] which implies

  • Rhyme builds consistency and suspense up to the āyah when the rhyme stops
  • Severity when recited (in accordance with the severe and violent sound produced from inside your body when pronouncing the letter ‘ha’ [ح], and that sound producing the violent punishments being portrayed in the theme of Sūrah al Haqqah).

This repeated pattern is sustained from āyāt 1-12 in Sūrat’l-Ḥāqqah and when the rhyme pattern changes, it’s because the topic of discussion has changed.

Resources:

  • Near Synonyms – Booklet created by Nouman Ali Khan – Available for free
  • A good Arabic reference is: Mutaraadifaat ul-Qurʾān – by Imam Raghib al Isfahani. It is translated in Urdu also by Abdul Rahman al Kilani, author of Mutaraadifaatul Qurʾān in Urdu. Read a discussion about it by Ustadh Nouman Ali Khan.
  • A really good resource for meanings is ejtaal.net – the Arabic Almanac dictionary. You simply type in the root letters in phonetic English, and the results for the three main dictionaries (Hans Wehr, Lanes Lexicon and Hava) come up in two seconds, it works on smart phones too, is downloadable, and free alhamdulillah.

In the next post we will discuss Step 2- dissecting the sentences structure and other concepts of balaghah. Please do post any gems you have reflected on in the comments?

 

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15 Comments

15 Comments

  1. Avatar

    IbnDuraidBaghdadi

    January 28, 2013 at 2:17 PM

    I’m going to read this again and again and again. Jazakallahu Khairan.

  2. Avatar

    peace

    January 28, 2013 at 2:59 PM

    Thank you, as a student of classical Arabic I find it very useful. Still waiting for the Fatha; opening.

  3. Avatar

    Yasmin

    January 28, 2013 at 3:33 PM

    Jazakallah khair for this immensely beneficial and useful post!

  4. Avatar

    taz

    January 28, 2013 at 3:34 PM

    Salam.

    Jzkk for a great article, it resonates with me on so many levels.

    I had a great Ustad when I was learning quranic Arabic alhamdolillah.

    He used to present gems all the time. He also made us find and present gems as well.

    The one I remember is where Allah swt says he will forgive “from the sins of” people x, y and z. But when referring to the people of prophet Muhammad (saw) the same ayat is used but the word min (from) is excluded, implying that *all* our sins will be forgiven. May Allah forgive me if I’ve made any mistakes in the above.

  5. Avatar

    Ramadan

    January 28, 2013 at 8:00 PM

    Jazakillahu khayr

  6. Avatar

    Quranreading

    January 29, 2013 at 1:11 AM

    This is really nice post! and easy to understand from Quran verses. In my openion the basic purpose of this story is to tell people that everything on the earth happens according to Allah’s will and people should choose the right path for not only in this world but also in the world hereafter.

  7. Avatar

    Barsawad

    January 29, 2013 at 11:51 PM

    Thank you very much for this wonderful information and insight.

  8. Avatar

    Olivia

    January 30, 2013 at 2:09 PM

    Does anyone know if Brother Nouman is planning on writing a tafseer of the Quran in book format?

  9. Avatar

    Hamayoun

    January 31, 2013 at 2:07 PM

    Salam

    Does anyone know if LingsuticMiracles.com has permission from Br. Nouman to transcript his tafseer?

  10. Pingback: How to Extract Gems from the Quran | Holy Quran Online | Scoop.it

  11. Avatar

    Mehru

    February 3, 2013 at 5:02 AM

    Thankyou for providinsuch an insight! :)

  12. Avatar

    QuranGems.com

    February 3, 2013 at 3:54 PM

    Asalaamu alaykum.

    Jazakum Allahu khayran for adding our article on your site :)

    We’ve made a few new sites now to build up on this Quran Gem experience for you:

    1 – http://QuranGems.com
    2 – http://QuranSynonyms.com (still in the Reviewing stage)

    3 – http://LinguisticMiracle.com – our original site, with an awesome book on the Quran’s LinguisticMiracle (150 pages) which you can get for free from our site.

    Please take a look, you will enjoy it inshaa Allah.

    To the people who asked if Ustadh Nouman gave us permission, then he has replied to my emails in a positive way. Furthermore, the QuranSynonyms site is based on a project which he recommended for us.

    Take a look and we hope you benefit. Please make dua for us, that He makes our good wishes come true. Ameen.

    Jazakum Allahu khayran once again to MM for this :)

  13. Avatar

    ummati

    February 9, 2013 at 12:40 PM

    what a beautiful beautiful piece.

    enthralled *

    subhan Allah

    jazakAllahu khayr for taking the time to write this out for us!

  14. Avatar

    Al kalaam

    February 10, 2013 at 7:49 PM

    Masha allah,
    May Allah give us all taufeekh to follow his QURAN and implement it.

  15. Avatar

    Mohammed Awal

    December 31, 2014 at 1:13 AM

    Please,I’m really interested in learning the Arabic language. Am so happy efforts of this nature are being made to help us learn the language. However,I find it difficult to see and download the books you talk about on my windows phone. If it’s that it can’t be downloaded with a phone,I hereby make a passionate appeal that you look into the matter and work out ways and means to make the download possible on phones. That will actually be of great help to some of us. Salaam

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#Islam

30 Khawaatir in 30 Days- A Parent’s Guide | Day 10: The Dua’ of Umm Salama

Now that we have learnt about a good word, let’s talk about the dua’ of Umm Salama.

Today I’m going to share with you a story of a very important woman in Islamic history named Umm Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her). She was a female companion, which means she was a sahaabiya (female companion)

Umm Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) was one of the first people to embrace Islam and she was one of the few Muslims who actually performed the hijrah twice. 

Question: Who can tell me what a hijrah is?

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A hijrah is when someone leaves a place they are in for the sake of Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He). The first hijrah was to Ethiopia, where a just Christian ruler named Najashi took in a group of Muslims and took good care of them. 

So Umm Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) and Abu Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) went to Ethiopia. After some time living there, they really wanted to go back to Mecca so that they could be next to the Prophet Muhammad ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) and learn everything about Islam. As they waited patiently, news traveled all the way to Africa saying that the Muslims were no longer getting persecuted because Umar ibn al-Khattab raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) and Hamza raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him), the uncle of the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him), had embraced Islam. 

Umm Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) and Abu Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) decided to return back to Mecca, and when they did, they realized that it was only a rumor and that the Muslims were still being tortured by Quraysh. So, when the Prophet Muhammad ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) instructed all of the Muslims of Mecca to leave to Madina for the second hijrah, they wasted no time getting ready. 

Question: Do you see how they were so active and didn’t take their Islam for granted?

As Umm Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) was about to mount her camel, her tribe, the Banu Makhzum, came and told Abu Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) that they would not allow him to take Umm Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) to Madina. Then Abu Salama’s tribe, the Banu Asad, takes Salama, his child, away.  Abu Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) could not defend himself against all of these men, so he sets off to Madina.

In just one day Umm Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) lost her husband and her child, and she suffers so much because of it. She is in a lot of pain. After some time her cousin starts to feel sorry for her and speaks to the tribes on her behalf. He is then able to reunite her with her son. Then after a year of waiting, Umm Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) is finally able to meet her husband in Madina. 

Abu Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) was known to be a very caring husband and courageous man. He fought in the Battle of Badr as well as in the Battle of Uhud. In Uhud, he received a wound that he wasn’t able to recover from. 

Umm Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) was so sad the day Abu Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) died, but the Prophet Muhammad ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) taught her to recite a beautiful dua’:

إِنَّا لله وإنا إليه راجعون اللهم أجرني في مصيبتي وأخلف لي خيرا منها 

“We belong to Allah and to Allah is our return. Oh Allah, reward me for my calamity, and replace my loss with something better.”

Umm Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) recited this dua’, but in her mind she thought, “Who can be better than Abu Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him)?” 

After a few months passed, Umar ibn al-Khattab raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) proposed to Umm Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her), but she said no. 

Then, Abu Bakr raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) proposed to Umm Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her), but again she said no. 

Then, the Prophet Muhammad ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) proposed to Umm Salama raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) and she accepted. So now, she was not only the mother of Salama, but the mother of all of the believers until the end of time! 

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30 Khawaatir in 30 Days- A Parent’s Guide | Day 9: A Good Word

Now that we have learnt about the life of this world, let’s talk about a good word.

I want you all to close your eyes and think of a beautiful tree. 

Question: Who can tell me what their tree looks like? Is the tree big and strong? Does it have lots of branches and leaves? Does it have fruit?

Now, I want you to think of a time when someone said something really nice to you.

Question:  What are some of the nice statements you remember people telling you?

Question: How did those statements make you feel?

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Yes, they fill us up with a warm feeling. We may have felt proud of ourselves and we may have felt loved. Do you know that Allah [wt] describes a good word to a good tree? 

In Surah Ibrahim, Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) says:

أَلَمْ تَرَ كَيْفَ ضَرَبَ اللَّهُ مَثَلًا كَلِمَةً طَيِّبَةً كَشَجَرَةٍ طَيِّبَةٍ أَصْلُهَا ثَابِتٌ وَفَرْعُهَا فِي السَّمَاءِ 

تُؤْتِي أُكُلَهَا كُلَّ حِينٍ بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهَا ۗ وَيَضْرِبُ اللَّهُ الْأَمْثَالَ لِلنَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَذَكَّرُونَ 

Have you not considered how Allah presents an example, [making] a good word like a good tree, whose root is firmly fixed and its branches [high] in the sky? [Surah Ibrahim; 24]

It produces its fruit all the time, by permission of its Lord. And Allah presents examples for the people that perhaps they will be reminded. [Surah Ibrahim; 25]

Question: Now, I want you to think of a time when someone said something mean to you. How did that make you feel?

It’s not fun to remember the mean stuff right? Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) continues in Surah Ibrahim and says:

وَمَثَلُ كَلِمَةٍ خَبِيثَةٍ كَشَجَرَةٍ خَبِيثَةٍ اجْتُثَّتْ مِن فَوْقِ الْأَرْضِ مَا لَهَا مِن قَرَارٍ

And the example of a bad word is like a bad tree, uprooted from the surface of the earth, not having any stability. [Surah Ibrahim; 26] 

Question: What do you think are good words we can use to build strong, firmly rooted trees?

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30 Khawaatir in 30 Days- A Parent’s Guide | Day 8: The Life of This World

Now that we have learnt about qalbun saleem, let’s talk about the life of this world.

Question: Do you know that there is an ayah in the Qur’an that takes us through all the stages of life and tells us what we find to be the most important aspect based on our age?

This ayah is found in the chapter named Al-Hadeed. 

Question: Does anyone know what Hadeed means? 

Yes! It means iron! The verse in Surah al-Hadeed starts by saying:

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اعْلَمُوا أَنَّمَا الْحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيَا لَعِبٌ وَلَهْوٌ 

“Know that the life of this world is play and amusement.”

Question: When you were really, really young, what was something that was important to you?

Yes, playing! You would use your imagination, play with your toys, and build legos. That is what  لَعِبٌ la’bun means. Then you got a bit older and you wanted to hear stories and be entertained. 

Question: Can you tell me in what other ways you’re entertained? (Examples can include watching TV, reading books, etc)

Yes! This is what is meant by  لَهْوٌ l(ahwun). Then we get a bit older and our goals change. The ayah continues by saying, وَزِينَةٌ وَتَفَاخُرٌ بَيْنَكُمْ (wa zeenatun wa tafakhirun baynakum). All of a sudden, you become a tween and a teenager, and you really care about your looks. You want to dress in the nicest clothing and look beautiful. This is zeena

Then you get even older and you enter college. You compete with your classmates and show off your knowledge and skills to impress future employees. This is tafaakhirun baynakum , i.e. boasting with one another. 

Then what usually happens after college? Work, marriage, and children! The ayah continues by saying, وَتَكَاثُرٌ فِي الْأَمْوَالِ وَالْأَوْلَادِ (wa takathur fil amwaali wal-awlaad), i.e. and competition in increasing wealth and children.

As parents, we try to give you the best life and education, and we work hard to provide for you. But, we always have to remember that it won’t be permanent, right? 

Question: We will be so happy, like farmers watching our seeds grow into beautiful plants, but what happens in the fall when it’s no longer sunny and becomes windy and cold? 

Yes, the plants turn yellow. Remember that toy you used to love playing with as a really little kid? Is it as interesting to you anymore? Remember that TV show you could not stop watching? You even memorized all the lines in it. Do you remember the title? Are you interested in something else now?

This is the example of our whole life. Once we get something we once were so excited to have, we realize that after some time has passed, that it has “turned yellow” to us. 

Question: What do you think that means?

Yes! It’s not as interesting as it once was. So knowing that this is going to happen, how can we make sure to not get distracted by the bright and shiny and stay focused on Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He)?

We’re in luck, because Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) gives us the answer! Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) says:

 “سَابِقُوا إِلَىٰ مَغْفِرَةٍ مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ وَجَنَّةٍ 

Race toward forgiveness from your Lord and Jannah! 

Question: How do you think we can race towards Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He)?

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