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Quran and Sunnah

Riyad as-Saliheen Series – Hadith 9

The explanation of this hadith was translated by  Abd-Allah

Chapter 1 – Hadith 9: Sincerity and Significance of Intentions and all Actions, Apparent and Hidden

Abu Bakrah ath-Thaqafi (may Allāh be pleased with him) reported – The Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) said “If two Muslims meet each other with their swords, then both the killer and the killed will be in the Hell-fire.” I said, “O Allāh’s Messenger, that is the case for the killer but why should that be the case for the killed?” He answered, “Because he wanted to kill his companion.” [Al-Bukhari & Muslim]

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Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen (may Allāh have mercy on him), in his explanation of this hadith says that the condition of the sentence “When two Muslims meet with their swords” does not exclusively refer to a sword; the term applies to any weapon with which two Muslims intend to cause harm, leading to death for the other. Any weapon such as, a sword, rifle, rock, etc. that is used intentionally to cause damage to another Muslim is prohibited in Islam. The reference to two Muslims spells out the nature of the meeting – they both have the intention to do harm to one another. If any Muslims meet with a method by which they can kill, and one of them is successful in killing the other, then both, the killer and the killed shall be in the Hell-fire.

Abu Bakrah (may Allāh be pleased with him) said to the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him), “This is the killer” This type of statement, the repetition of the announcement as a fact, is known in the field of discussion as an agreement to what was said. Allāh says,

“Whoever kills a believer intentionally, his recompense is Hell, he shall abide therein forever. The wrath and the curse of Allāh shall be upon him, and a great punishment is prepared for him” [93, Al-Nisa’a].

This makes it clear why the killer shall be in Hell, but what about the one killed?

Upon Abu Bakrah’s questioning about the killed, the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) said, “He was eager to kill his companion” This shows that even though he was killed, this individual will abide in Hell because of his intention and actions. The result, his failure and subsequent death, does not absolve him of the sin. Intention alone, however, is not the only determining factor. The fact that this man brought a means — a weapon, to fulfill his intention is what sealed his fate in Hell. His bringing a weapon shows that he was, “eager to kill his companion.” Success and failure are insignificant because both men are destined for the Hellfire.

This hadith proves that actions are according to their intentions, and that when this man intended to kill his companion, it was as if he actually did kill him.  There is, however, a stark difference between these men and martyrs. The Prophet stated, “Whoever is killed protecting himself is a martyr, whoever is killed protecting his family is a martyr, and whoever is killed protecting his wealth is a martyr, [and whoever is killed protecting his deen is a martyr]” [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]

One who is being attacked and acts in self-defense is not the aggressor; therefore if in the course of defending himself, a man kills an aggressor he is no punished for the act. The Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) stated that one who comes to take another’s wealth by force, “If you kill him then he shall be in the Fire, and if he kills you then you are a martyr” [Muslim]

The person who is defending his wealth, family, self and honor is only warding off an aggressor, one who is not repelled except by fighting (him off). If he kills the aggressor, the aggressor shall be in the Fire, and if he is killed in self-defense then he shall be a martyr in Paradise.

There is proof of the graveness of killing in this hadith it is from the reasons of entering Hell, we seek refuge with Allāh. There is also proof in this that the companions (may Allāh be pleased with them) used to mention (any) lack of clarity (regarding a matter) to the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him), and he used to answer them. That is why we do not find anything from the Qur’ān and Sunnah that really contains any lack of clarity, except that the answer to it is known.  Either the answer is known through the Qur’ān and Sunnah without having any questions being brought up (by the companions), or through having a question brought up (by the companions) which is answered (by the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him)).

Another example of that is when the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) foretold about the Dajjal (Antichrist) and that, He shall stay on earth for forty days, the first day (shall be) like a year, the second day (shall be) like a month, the third day (shall be) like a week, and the rest of the days (shall be) like our days. The companions asked him, “O Messenger of Allāh, that day which is like a year (in length), would it be sufficient if we only offered (during it) the prayers of a single day?” The Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) said, “No, [but rather] estimate the times [for prayer]” [Ṣahīh Muslim]

In this there is the clearest proof and praise, that there is nothing in the Qur’ān and Sunnah which is not clear and does not have an answer.  It is the lack of understanding that leads to the inability to know the answer, or the unwillingness of a person to seek (knowledge), nor ponder, nor review (knowledge); this is what keeps the matter unclear to him.

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4 Comments

4 Comments

  1. Avatar

    Abu Sumaiyah

    June 1, 2012 at 3:38 AM

    Naseehah means advice.

    • Avatar

      Nadeer

      January 30, 2014 at 7:47 AM

      You are right bro

  2. Avatar

    Jamshaid Ibrahim

    September 5, 2015 at 10:00 AM

    Thanks very right explanation I am clear enough and trying to clear myself researching more. Thanks bro.

  3. Pingback: Comment on Riyad as-Saliheen Series – Hadith 9 by Jamshaid Ibrahim | Souqhub | Blog

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30 Khawaatir in 30 Days- A Parent’s Guide | Day 14: Making Our Intentions Big

Now that we have learnt about the Prophet Adam 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) and the Shaytan, let’s now talk about Prophet Adam 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) and the Shaytan.

Question: Have any of you heard the phrase:  إنما الأعمال بالنية  (innamal ’amaalu bi-niyyaat)? Does anyone know what it means? 

It means that actions are judged by their intentions. 

Question: What does it mean to intend something? Do you need to say your intention out loud?

An intention is something that you feel internally – it is the ‘why’ behind your actions. 

Question: Do you think we always make intentions behind the things we do?

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If we really tried to make an intention behind every small thing, it would probably cause us some frustration. Most of our actions are done out of habit anyway; like making our beds, brushing our teeth, and making our meals. But, what if we started to be more intentional with the way we operated? What good do you think could come out of it?

Maybe we wouldn’t be so quick to lose our temper. Maybe we could get even more hasanat (reward) for transforming our ordinary chores into extraordinary acts of worship!

One day, Imam ash-Shafi’, a great scholar of Islam -may Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) be pleased with him-, had some students over at his house when they heard someone knock on the door. One of his students went to answer the door, and Imam ash-Shafi’ stopped him and asked him what he was doing.

“I’m going to answer the door,” the student replied.

Imam ash-Shafi’ said, “Before you answer the door, make the intention that if it is a poor person seeking help, you will give them charity. And if it is a guest, that you will host them.” 

Something as simple as answering the door became a way to get lots of rewards! How? Well, whenever we make a good intention, we get the reward for it even if we are unable to do it. That’s how generous Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) is, and Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) can reward a good intention up to 700 times!

I want each of you to pick something ordinary that you always do and make your intention behind it very big! 

[A parent can give the example of washing the dishes: Intend to have a clean home, intend to make dhikr while washing the dishes, intend to have clean plates and utensils for us to be nourished and well fed, all so that we can be healthy and remember Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) and His blessings etc.]

Now, who wants to share?

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30 Khawaatir in 30 Days- A Parent’s Guide | Day 13: Prophet Adam and the Shaytan

Now that we have learnt about Prophet Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) and overcoming fear, let’s now talk about Prophet Adam 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) and the Shaytan.

Adam 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) and Shaytan both made mistakes, but one is going to be rewarded and the other punished. 

Question: Can anyone tell me the one mistake that Adam 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) and Hawa made? 

Yes! They ate from a tree that Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) told them not to eat from. What did they do after they made a mistake?

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They asked Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) to forgive them. They said:

رَبَّنَا ظَلَمْنَا أَنفُسَنَا وَإِن لَّمْ تَغْفِرْ لَنَا وَتَرْحَمْنَا لَنَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ 

“Our Lord, we have wronged ourselves, and if You do not forgive us and have mercy upon us, we will surely be among the losers.” [Surah Al-A’raf; 23]

Alhamdulillah, Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) accepted their tawba (repentance), and forgave them.

Question: What sin did the Shaytan commit?

Yes, he refused to bow down to Adam 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) even though Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) commanded him to do so. When Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) asked him why he refused to bow down, Shaytan responded by saying:

أَنَا خَيْرٌ مِّنْهُ خَلَقْتَنِي مِن نَّارٍ وَخَلَقْتَهُ مِن طِينٍ 

“I am better than him. You created me from fire and you created him from clay.” [Surat Al-A’raf; 12]

Question: Did Shaytan ask Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) to forgive him?

No, instead he promises that he will try his very best to lead those that believe in Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) on the wrong path. 

Question: What trait is that called, when you know you did something wrong but you refuse to ask for forgiveness?

Shaytan is arrogant in front of Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He), while Prophet Adam 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) knows that every blessing he has is due to Allah’s subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) generosity.

Do you see the difference between the two? As long as we continue coming back to Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He), we need to have firm faith that Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) will forgive us. 

Let’s read this beautiful Hadith Qudsi together:

قَالَ اللهُ تَعَالَى : يَا ابْنَ ادَمَ ، إِنَّكَ مَا دَعَوْتََنِي وَرَجَوْتَنِي ، غَفَرْتُ لَكَ عَلَى مَا كَانَ مِنْكَ وَلَا أُبالِي . يا ابْنَ ادَمَ :لَوْ بَلَغَتْ ذُنُوبُكَ عَنانَ السَّماءِ ثُم اسْتَغْفَرْتَني ، غَفَرْتُ لَكَ . يَا ابْنَ ادَمَ : إِنَّكَ لَوْ أَتَيْتَنِي بِقُرَابِ الأَرْضِ خَطَايا ثُمَّ لَقِيتَني لَا تُشْرِكُ بِي شَيْأً ، لَأَتيْتُكَ بِقُرَابِها مَغْفِرَةً

I heard the Prophet Muhammad ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) say: Allah the Almighty has said: “O son of Adam, so long as you call upon Me and ask of Me, I shall forgive you for what you have done, and I shall not mind. O son of Adam, were your sins to reach the clouds of the sky and were you then to ask forgiveness of Me, I would forgive you. O son of Adam, were you to come to Me with sins nearly as great as the earth and were you then to face Me, ascribing no partner to Me, I would bring you forgiveness nearly as great as it.” [Tirmidhi]

So let’s never lose hope in the mercy of Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) and always remember to turn back to Him whenever we sin or make mistakes! 

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30 Khawaatir in 30 Days- A Parent’s Guide | Day 12: Prophet Musa and Overcoming Fear

Now that we have learnt about gratitude, let’s talk about Prophet Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) and overcoming fear.

I want you to close your eyes and think of a moment when you were afraid. 

Question: How did you feel? Did you feel like running away? Does anyone want to share that moment with us now?

Did you know that the Prophets also felt scared sometimes? 

Question: Can anyone tell me a time when a Prophet was scared?

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There was a time when Prophet Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) saw a fire in the distance, and he went to see if there was anyone there because he was lost with his family. There, he spoke to Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He)! Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) asked him about his staff and told him to throw it down. 

Question: Does anyone know what happened when Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) threw down the staff?

Yes! It became a snake! How did Prophet Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) react when it became a slithering snake? He ran away! He was so scared! 

Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) told him not to be scared, and that Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) would return it to its original form- a staff.

A little while later, Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) told Prophet Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) to go and speak to Pharoah. Now, we know that Pharoah was one of the worst humans to ever live. He did very evil things and treated the people of Israel very poorly. Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) was scared to speak to Pharoah, but Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) calmed his fears and told him that He subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) is with him, and that He will allow Prophet Musa’s 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) brother -Prophet Harun 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him)– to accompany him for support. This helps Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) feel calm for his meeting with Pharaoh. 

After he meets Pharoah and the magicians become Muslim, Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) takes the Bani Israel (the Children of Israel) with him, and they escape from the clutches of Pharoah and his soldiers until they see the Red Sea. Now, Bani Israel start to lose hope. They say,  “إِنَّا لَمُدْرَكُونَ” (We will surely be overtaken!)

Question: How do you think Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) responds?

Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) sees Pharoah and his soldiers galloping at a great speed about to attack him and his people, and instead of being afraid and running away he says: 

كَلَّا ۖ إِنَّ مَعِيَ رَبِّي سَيَهْدِينِ 

“No! Indeed, I have my Lord, He will guide me!”  [Surah Ash-Shu’ara;62]

And that’s when Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) strikes his staff, and Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) parts the Red Sea and saves  the Children of Israel from the clutches of Pharaoh and his men!

Question: What was the journey that Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) took with his fear? 

First his fear was a physical response, and he runs away from the snake. Then he feels fear inside his heart, because he is so worried about confronting Pharaoh. But he realizes that without fail,  Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) is always there to guide him and help. So, when the Children of Israel feel afraid, Musa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him)  knows to feel assured and confident that Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) is on his side.

So, every time you feel afraid, remember that Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) is always with you. He subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) hears and sees everything.

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