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Hasan, the Slave, and the Jug


We were discussing the difference between the word السماء and السماوات in the āyat (verses)[57:21] and [3:133] and while he was explaining the meanings of the 2 āyat, Ustadh Nouman Ali Khan expanded further into the next āyah of Sūrah Āle-‘Imrān, 134, and told us a story from the life of Ḥasan (raḍyAllāhu ‘anhu).

الَّذِينَ يُنفِقُونَ فِي السَّرَّاءِ وَالضَّرَّاءِ وَالْكَاظِمِينَ الْغَيْظَ وَالْعَافِينَ عَنِ النَّاسِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَ

Those who spend [in the cause of Allah ] during ease and hardship and who swallow anger and who lovingly forgive the people – and Allah loves those who do ihsā n/good.
Ḥasan, The Slave, and the Jug

Ḥasan (raḍyAllāhu ‘anhu) had  a slave and he asked the slave to pour him a glass of water.  The slave dropped the jug, which fell on his foot. The slave sees that Ḥasan (raḍyAllāhu ‘anhu) is upset, as is only expected.  In order to diffuse the situation, the slave quotes part of the above āyah, “who swallow  anger” and then Ḥasan says immediately “I swallowed my anger.” So the slave thinks that this is as good of an opportunity as ever, and the slave continues to the next part of the āyah and says “who forgive people” and then Ḥasan said to the slave, “I forgive you.” The slave persists and completes the āyah, telling Ḥasan (raḍyAllāhu ‘anhu) that Allah loves those who do good to others” (also a meaning of “ihsān”).

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And then Ḥasan said “Go, you’re free.”


This beautiful story from the life of Ḥasan (raḍyAllāhu ‘anhu) is one that most obviously is a story about controlling anger, but it made me think about a few other points, which I will discuss below.

First, look at the level of Islamic education that was not only available but attained by all people in society.  The slave, from the lowest possible strata of society, was the one who had this knowledge of the āyah so down, to the point where it was the slave himself who reminded Ḥasan (RA) of this āyah, and he was the son of one of the best teachers you could ever have prayed for, ‘Ali (raḍyAllāhu ‘anhu).

Second, notice the immediacy of the practical attitude that the ṣaḥābi had towards the Qurʾān.  They learned it and applied it in their lives and they knew it to so well that it simply popped into their minds.  They didn’t just keep the Qurʾān on a shelf wrapped in a pretty cover, or even memorize it and carry around a pocket-size mushaf…they actually lived by the Qurʾān.  It was internalized so much that it was the first thing that they would think of.  How many times in our own lives has there been an instance, any instance, in which an āyah pops into our heads?

Third, the Qurʾān was more than just a theory for them, it was practice.  As soon as the slave reminded Ḥasan (raḍyAllāhu ‘anhu) a part of the ayah which is describing the people of Jannah, he immediately acts according to Allah’s descriptions of these people.  This is an example in which “We hear and we obey” does not even  fully explain the level of submission that these people had towards their Master, Creator, and Sustainer.  We spend hours, days, weeks, months, even years, to finally come to the point where we are ready to accept something that Allah has commanded us to do in the Qurʾān.

Now look at the example of Ḥasan -(raḍyAllāhu ‘anhu)–as soon as the instance presented itself in which these 3 things (swallowing anger, pardoning people, and doing good to others) could be applied  came, he applies them without a second thought!  And Ḥasan (raḍyAllāhu ‘anhu) doesn’t just go halfway or shoot for hitting the minimal, he strives to maximize and excel.  Sometimes we think, at least I’m covering my hair, who cares about dressing in loose-fitting clothes; or I’m praying the 5 farḍ prayers on time everyday, doing the sunnah and nawafil prayers are too much to ask.  Look at how far Ḥasan (raḍyAllāhu ‘anhu) went– he freed his slave.

Fourth, observe the relationship between the slave and Ḥasan (raḍyAllāhu ‘anhu), especially Ḥasan (raḍyAllāhu ‘anhu)’s incredible humility. Firstly, Hassan (raḍyAllāhu ‘anhu) does not explode when the slave drops the jug on his foot.  Imagine that was you and a waiter just spilled a jug of water on you, let alone dropped the whole thing, jug and all, on your foot.  What would our reaction be?  How angry would we be?  This is not just a waiter, this is his slave.

Furthermore, Ḥasan (raḍyAllāhu ‘anhu) is so humble that he is actually able to listen to the slave.  Imagine again a circumstance between a parent and a child who’s at the college age.  The parent is doing something and the child decides to advise them in a certain way according to something they’ve studied or an understanding that they might have.  How willing would the parent be to listen to the child?  And even if he listened, how much would he listen?  Especially if the child had just committed an offense against him (like dropping a jug on his foot) or if the parent was angry with the child for some reason.  Or imagine this situation between the president of the MSA and a freshman, or the masjid board and some poor, zealous teenager in the Youth Group, or even a ruler and a peasant.  Would we expect any of these people to respect what the lower person advised them or reminded them of?  No, we wouldn’t.  Honestly, we would probably expect that it would make the person even more upset.  Yet we see Ḥasan (raḍyAllāhu ‘anhu) listening to his slave.  It makes me not only think about how down to earth he must have been, but also how earnest he was to please Allah that it in the end, to him it didn’t matter WHO was delivering the message of Allah, all that mattered was that the message itself was ultimately Allah’s.  Ḥasan (raḍyAllāhu ‘anhu) looked past the person and focused on the content.  Many times we will refuse to listen to someone because of our supposed superiority over them (whether it be in social status, education, wealth, or even “religiosity”) or because they have wronged us in some way.  Our pride will get in the way of us listening to others and therefore we are the ones who cut ourselves off from benefiting from them, whether they are good or bad people and have treated us well or poorly.

I pray that I will one day soon be at the level where I have a grasp of the Qurʾān like the slave and the submission, passion to strive for excellence, and humility of Ḥasan (raḍyAllāhu ‘anhu).  This story really showed to me a concrete example of how difficult it would be to find a person who fits all 3 qualities of swallowing anger, lovingly pardoning others, and doing good to others and in turn how difficult it would be to qualify for a such a high level of Jannah.

May Allah make us of those people.  Ameen.


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Meena is a writer, podcaster, high school English teacher, wife, and new mom. She loves working with Muslim youth and is interested in literature, arts, and culture. She studied Comparative Literature and Creative Writing at the University of California, Irvine and has a Master’s in Education from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. She briefly dabbled in Classical Arabic studies in the US and is also studying the Asharah Qira'aat/10 Recitations. Check out her podcast and website Brown Teacher Reads: the brown literature circle you always wanted to be in. (



  1. Siti Friedman

    January 5, 2012 at 6:23 PM

    Subhanallah…a very powerful advice for us Muslims.

  2. Yasmin

    January 5, 2012 at 7:31 PM

    Jazakallah khair for this truly beautiful post!

  3. Sultana

    January 5, 2012 at 9:36 PM

    JazakAllah Khairan. This was an eye-opener. May Allah reward you.

  4. Hannah

    January 6, 2012 at 12:11 AM

    Masha’Allah, I relly loved this. Truly. May Allah bless you. Humility is hard to find in this world of ours today, and your message and the message of that story are really important for us as Muslims. May Allah help us to achieve our best with regards to this religion and our worship. Ameen.

  5. Ramadan

    January 6, 2012 at 8:57 AM

    jazakallahu khayr

  6. UmmBelal

    January 6, 2012 at 12:15 PM

    beautiful story….jazakallahu khayir for sharing the lessons!

  7. Umm Sulaim

    January 6, 2012 at 3:11 PM

    Good points.

    In addition, people who offend others should be prompt to recognise that and make amends.

    Some persons think they have the birthright to be a nuisance and the religious must put up with them.

    Umm Sulaim

  8. Kashif Dilkusha

    January 8, 2012 at 6:31 AM

    Tabarak Allah. This has really increased the passion for learning and acting upon Islam in me.

  9. Meem

    January 9, 2012 at 2:26 AM

    As I was reading this I kept thinking about a few scenarios where I can implement this ayah insha’Allah.
    Jazakillah Khayr!! =)

  10. Green

    January 9, 2012 at 3:52 AM

    Jazkallah Khairan, a great inspirational post. Furthermore, I appreciate the common day examples because they spoke to me directly. In addition, there was one point which really insh’Allah if everyone can take this one point we would be a lot better off when it came to disagreements etc and that is the point that Hasan (ra) didn’t look at who was saying the message rather who’s message was it which is Allah (swt) and who was saying these words primarily, which again is Allah (swt). If someone can see through the person and judge only off the content of what is being said then truly this is a great blessing of Allah (swt). Such insight will allow us Muslims to be protected from arrogance insh’Allah.

    May Allah (swt) reward you, Ameen

  11. Omar

    January 10, 2012 at 11:59 AM

    May I ask the source of the story and if it is authentic?
    I recall hearing the exact same story except it had an Abbasid Khalifa and a female slave.

  12. Laila

    January 10, 2012 at 11:32 PM

    short, sweet, and right to the heart.

  13. none

    January 11, 2012 at 4:59 PM

    I’d like to point out the same narration has been reported on behalf of Muawiya (radiaAllahanhu) as well. I think its especially important since 1) Not much was recorded of Muawiya’s viritue 2) Many people have the wrong idea on how to treat Muawiya (radiaAllahanhu). 3. We love all the sahaba and recognize the virtue Allah blessed them with over the rest of the generations. The sahaba were the best nation with the deepest knowledge mashaAllah.

  14. Fauzi

    March 15, 2012 at 6:28 PM


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