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Yasir Qadhi | The Definition of “Travel” (safar) According to Islamic Law | Part 3


Part 1 |  Part 2 |  Part 3

In our previous parts, we discussed the travel distance required to be considered a traveler. In this article, we shall discuss the time duration that one remains a traveler.

2. For How Long Does One Remain a Traveler?

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The final issue that we need to discuss is the time duration for which one is allowed to shorten the prayer while one remains a ‘traveler’. In other words, once one has arrived at one’s initial destination and intends to remain there for a duration before returning home, for how long can s/he shorten and combine? Once again, we face a myriad of opinions on this issue (I have come across at least eighteen different opinions, and there are more); for the purposes of this article, we shall restrict ourselves to the more common ones.

2.1 The State of ‘Travel’ Ceases after 15 days

The Ḥanafīs considered a ‘traveler’ to be someone who intends to reside at a place for fifteen days or less (inclusive of the day that he intends to travel). They based this on qiyas, or analogy, with the longest possible days of a woman’s period. At first glance, this analogy does seem rather bizarre. However, they reasoned that both a traveler and a woman in her menses must ‘return’ to a more permanent state of worship (the menstruating woman returns to her prayers after desisting from them, and the traveler returns to the full prayer after ceasing to be a ‘traveler’), hence there is a commonality between these two scenarios that would allow us (or so the Ḥanafīs felt) to extrapolate the same ruling to these two scenarios.

They also use as evidence a tradition of Ibn ʿAbbās in which he stated that the Prophetalla Allahu ʿalayhī wa sallam stayed in Makkah for fifteen days, praying qar (Reported by Abu Dawud; most scholars of hadith consider this version to be inauthentic for a number of reasons, one of which is that more authentic versions of this hadith mention even higher numbers.)

The Ḥanafis also attributed this position to Ibn ʿAbbās and Ibn ʿUmar,[1] and it is also one opinion of Saʿīd b. al-Musayyib.

2.2 The State of  ‘Travel’ Ceases after 4 days

The Mālikīs, Shāfiʿīs, and Ḥanbalīs claimed that the time that makes a traveler into a resident is four days.

Note that the Ḥanbalīs have qualified this as ‘twenty prayers’ and not four days; also there is some difference of opinion between the Mālikīs and the Shāfiʿīs over when this time frame should start and end and whether the day that one arrives and leaves counts or not. For the purposes of this article, all of these differences will be ignored. What is important to note is that these three schools have a similar time frame of ‘four days’.

Their main evidence is the command of the Prophet alla Allahu ʿalayhī wa sallam that the Emigrants (Muhajirūn) who were performing Hajj with him should not stay in Makkah for more than three days [Reported by Muslim].

In order to understand the reasoning of these three schools with respect to this tradition, an important fact must be understood. The Emigrants who had left Makkah for Madinah during the hijra were prohibited from returning to Makkah as ‘residents’, since they had given up that land for the sake of Allah. The point derived by the majority, therefore, is that the reason the Prophet alla Allahu ʿalayhī wa sallam prohibited them to stay more than three days is that it is the staying of four days or more that converts a traveler into a resident. To buttress this point, these schools also mention that the Prophet alla Allahu ʿalayhī wa sallam himself prayed qaṣr when he remained in Makkah for three days, after performing ʿUmrah.

Another evidence that is used is the travel restrictions that ʿUmar b. al-Khaṭṭāb placed on non-Muslim traders who wished to conduct business in Makkah or Madinah: he only allowed them permission to remain for three days.[2] Once again, the interpretation given is that it is four days or more that converts a traveler to a resident, hence he forbade them from remaining for more than three days.

And it is also reported from Saʿīd b. al-Musayyib (d. 95), who said, “If you want to stay for four, then pray four!”[3] This is also the opinion of the Permanent Committee of Scholars, the fatwa of Shaykh Ibn Bāz, and the opinion of our Shaykh Muḥammad al-Mukhtār al-Shanqīṭī.

2.3 The Opinion of Ibn Taymiyya

Ibn Taymiyya, extrapolating from many of the same premises as his earlier position on thedistance of travel, felt that there exists no explicit evidence or reasoning that would specify a particular time period that effectively converts a traveler into a resident. Therefore, he felt that a traveler would remain a traveler even if he stayed at a specific location for a longer period of time, as long as his lifestyle was that of a ‘traveler’.

As part of his evidences, Ibn Taymiyya also pointed out that there are authentic narrations that indicate the Prophet alla Allahu ʿalayhī wa sallam would pray qar for more than fifteen days. Of them is the hadith of Jābir that the Prophet alla Allahu ʿalayhī wa sallam camped at Tabuk praying qar for twenty days (Reported by Abu Dawud). Another is the hadith of Ibn ʿAbbās in which he reported that the Prophet alla Allahu ʿalayhī wa sallam stayed in Makkah nineteen days, praying qar (Reported by al-Bukhārī). The four schools all re-interpreted these evidences (by claiming, for example, that the Prophet did not know how long he would camp at Tabuk during that expedition, so he did not intend to stay for more than ‘x’ number of days; and so forth). However, Ibn Taymiyya clearly takes an unbiased and apparent reading of these evidences to suggest that there is no specific number that the Prophet  alla Allahu ʿalayhī wa sallam suggested and that at times he prayed qar for more than four or fifteen days.

Nonetheless, perhaps understanding that this open-ended response also had potential problems, Ibn Taymiyya did feel that the majority opinion of four days was safer to follow.

In one fatwa, Ibn Taymiyya was asked about a traveler who intends to remain for one month in a city: is he permitted to shorten? He replied that it was safer for him not to shorten but to pray in full.[4] In another fatwa that he was asked, he explicitly permitted a person in a similar situation to shorten the prayer for this longer period, even while saying that it is ‘safer’ to pray the full amount.[5]

In other words, Ibn Taymiyya himself did not unequivocally allow such a person to pray qaṣrfor a limitless number of days. Even though he said that it is permitted and that one should not rebuke those who do this, he also said that it was better to pray full.

However, a modern follower of Ibn Taymiyya, Shaykh Ibn ʿUthaymīn, took this fatwa to a possible logical conclusion. According to Ibn ʿUthaymīn, as long as a person did not intend to remain permanently in a city, such a person would be considered a traveler, even if he remained in that city for years on end. Based on this fatwa, numerous Saudi students (some of whom I personally met) would pray qar for years while students overseas. They reasoned that since they had the full intention of returning to Saudi Arabia after their four or five years of study, they were, in fact, in the state of ‘travel’, even if they purchased houses and cars, and put their kids in a local school. When Ibn ʿUthaymīn was asked about this scenario, he agreed with this interpretation and reasoned that since there was no actual time limit, even the duration of ten years would constitute ‘travel’ as long as one wished to return to a place called ‘home’.

2.4 The Strongest Opinion

Before mentioning what appears to be the ‘strongest’ opinion, it should be mentioned that there are many other opinions on this issue as well. For example, some have said that the time duration is twenty days; Isḥāq b. Rāhwayh said this period was nineteen days; others said seventeen; yet others thirteen; al-Awzāʿī said twelve; al-Ḥasan b. Ṣāliḥ said ten; Ḥasan al-Baṣrī said three; and Rabīʿa al-Raʾy said a stay of one day converts one from a traveler to a resident. However, for the purposes of our discussion, we will limit the opinions to these famous and mashhūr ones.

Also note that the issue of one who is not certain about the time that he is remaining in a land is a separate one, and even within these schools, the majority would allow qar for much longer periods in this case. The classic example mentioned in legal books is that of the soldiers of the army guarding the borders; they could be called for duty at any time, and they are most certainly not ‘residents’ considering the harsh conditions they live in. There are authentic reports that some of the Companions prayed qar for months on end (perhaps even for years). It is reported that Ibn ʿUmar prayed qar for six months while in Azerbaijan.[6] However, this was done in a state of war, and therefore when one is in such a state that one can leave at any time, obviously this would take a separate ruling from the one who intends a particular number of days.

Returning to our discussion, once again, Ibn Taymiyya’s points resonate strongly with the open-minded researcher. The ‘four-day rule’ seems derived, and not intended. There are numerous authentic traditions in which the Prophet alla Allahu ʿalayhī wa sallam stayed at a location for more than four days while shortening the prayers. Therefore, even though the majority of the schools of law did stipulate four days, there really seems no evidence whatsoever to limit such a ruling to a specific time period. In our times, it is extremely common for office workers (in particular, consultants) to travel for five days of the week to an on-site location, and such workers are travelers in every sense of the word, despite the fact that they are remaining in the same location for more than four days.

Yet, to allow no limit whatsoever (as our respected Shaykh Ibn ʿUthaymīn did) really does not seem to be either in the spirit or the intent of the Shariah. Yes, it is true that a traveler cannot be defined by a particular time-frame, but surely s/he can be defined as a resident by actions that s/he undertakes. A traveler does not buy a house, or ‘settle down’, or take care of his children’s long-term education. Therefore, a person who comes to a town, knowing that he will stay for a few years, is clearly not a ‘traveler’ anymore, since he must take care of all of these matters and more. Owning or renting a house is not the same as living in a motel.

No doubt, such a distinction is not a black-and-white one, and there are many shades of grey in between. It is precisely because of such grey areas that most legal scholars are prone to give solid numbers (‘48 miles’, or ‘4 days’) rather than the more ambiguous yardsticks of Ibn Taymiyya. And therefore, should someone prefer to follow one of these standard opinions mentioned in our classical schools, this is something that should be encouraged and not looked down upon. Nonetheless, if someone were to follow the more academic position of Ibn Taymiyya, this (in my humble opinion) would be closer to the intent of the laws of the Shariah.

And in the end, it is indeed Allah alone who knows best.


This article did not discuss the following issues in detail; for the sake of completeness, they will be mentioned in passing:

Firstly, the legal status of shortening the prayer (qaṣr). The Ḥanafīs deemed it to be obligatory for the traveler and stated that if the traveler prays the regular prayer, he will in fact be sinful. The majority said that shortening the prayer was preferred, but not obligatory.

Secondly, the legal status of joining between two prayers (jamʿ), specifically of course, Ẓuhr and ʿAṣr, and Maghrib and ʿIshā. [No school of law allowed jamʿ for any other two combinations of prayers].

The Ḥanafīs did not allow any joining of the prayers except for the pilgrims during the days of Hajj. They did not view joining as one of the concessions granted to the traveler and claimed that the joining together during the days of ʿArafat and Mina are related to the rites of Hajj and not to the issue of traveling.

The vast majority of other scholars allowed Ẓuhr and ʿAṣr to be joined, and Maghrib and ʿIshā to be joined, based on explicit, authentic traditions on this matter. Additionally, they said that this should preferably be done only during the actual travel. Once a traveler arrives at his temporary destination, it is preferred (but not obligatory) to pray each prayer at its proper time.

Ibn Taymiyya writes, after mentioning some traditions that describe the Prophet’s prayer during travel,[7]

So all of this shows that combining the prayers (jamʿ) is not from the sunnahs of traveling, unlike shortening them (qaṣr) – rather, combining the prayers is only done where there is a need to do so, regardless of whether one is traveling or not, for it is also permissible for the resident to combine. Therefore, if a traveler needs to combine, he may do so, for example: if he will be engaged in the act of travel during the first or second prayer time, or he needs to sleep or rest… However, as for someone who stops for a few days in a village or city, then his ruling is the same as that of the people of that village. So such a person, even though he should pray qaṣr as a traveler, should not combine, just like he should not pray on an animal, or resort to tayammum, or eat a dead animal. All of these matters are only allowed when there is a need to do so, unlike shortening the prayer, for this is a sunnah for all travelers.

Note that this is contrary to what most travelers do: they assume that combining the prayers takes the same ruling as shortening does and regularly combine for the entire duration of the travel.

Thirdly, when precisely is it allowed for a traveler to begin shortening and combining the prayers? A small minority said that he may do so as soon as he commences the travel, even if he still be in his house (i.e., immediately before he leaves). However, the majority said that he may only begin shortening and combining once he has left the city walls (or, in our times, when he has exited the last settlements that are still considered a part of his city).

[1] Al-Kasānī, Badāʾi al-Ṣanāʿʾ; al-Tahānawī, Iʿlāʾ al-Sunan, 7/312-5.

[2] Ibn Qudāma, al-Mughnī, 3/148.

[3] Ibn Abi Shayba, Muṣannaf.

[4] Ibn Taymiyya, Majmūʾ al-Fatāwā 24/17.

[5] Ibid., 24/18

[6] Reported in the Sunan of al-Bayhaqī (3/152).

[7] Ibn Taymiyya, Majmūʾ al-Fatāwā 24/64-5.

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Sh. Dr. Yasir Qadhi is someone that believes that one's life should be judged by more than just academic degrees and scholastic accomplishments. Friends and foe alike acknowledge that one of his main weaknesses is ice-cream, which he seems to enjoy with a rather sinister passion. The highlight of his day is twirling his little girl (a.k.a. "my little princess") round and round in the air and watching her squeal with joy. A few tid-bits from his mundane life: Sh. Yasir has a Bachelors in Hadith and a Masters in Theology from Islamic University of Madinah, and a PhD in Islamic Studies from Yale University. He is an instructor and Dean of Academic Affairs at AlMaghrib, and the Resident Scholar of the Memphis Islamic Center.



  1. Pingback: Yasir Qadhi | The Definition of ‘Travel’ (safar) According to Islamic Law | Part 2 |

    • SS

      May 15, 2015 at 1:26 AM

      I agree with Ibn Tayyimiah’s opinion. So just to clarify if what I’ve understood is correct.

      – we pray qasr for all salats
      – we can join zuhr with asr, and Maghreb with isha?
      -I’ll be travelling overseas for 2-3 weeks

  2. abu Abdullah

    July 22, 2011 at 1:54 AM

    Jazak Allah khayr jiddan dear Shaykh Yasir. May Allah protect you and your family. Ameen.

    Q. I always face this dilemma about prayers travelling through time zones. How about praying during trans atlantic 15 hour flight from NJ to Mumbai (time zone difference, GMT++) or NY to San Francisco flight (GMT–)? Or should we just make them up afterwards.


    • MW_M

      July 22, 2011 at 7:50 AM

      I wondered this too. If you’re going by the actual physical signs, you’d be praying something like 8 prayers in a day one way and 2 prayers in a day on the return trip.

    • Yasir Qadhi

      July 22, 2011 at 11:52 AM

      Salaam Alaikum

      You would be required to pray them according to your current location.

      Merely look out the window and you can get a good enough estimate.

      So, a night flight from NJ to Mumbai (which I’ve taken a few times myself!) leaves at around 9 PM NJ time and arrives in Mumbai the next evening around 8 PM.
      Therefore, you would be required to pray Fajr and Dhuhr and Asr in the plane. You can pray Maghrib/Isha before boarding the late night flight, and then pray the next Maghrib/Isha in Mumbai.


      • abu Abdullah

        July 22, 2011 at 1:25 PM

        wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh,

        Jazaak Allahu khayran Shaykh. may Allah increase you in goodness and cause this to be accepted sawab jariya for you and forgive your parents . Ameen.

        Additionally, I wonder if such travelling destination is ALSO your home where you intend to stay (back home, Parents live there and you don’t have to live like in motel) for say 2-3 weeks and masjid is accessible easily. What do I do? (Pray Jam’/Qasr or both or none)

        In and of itself, its a good dawah opportunity to be praying on a plane. What was ibn Taymiyyah’s opinion on praying while flying in the air/space ( I heard He rahimahullah did give a fatwa about same, centuries before flying was discovered). If its there and is appropriate here, please let us know it.

        PS Regardless, when are you coming to Mumbai next insh Allah? :)

      • Sunny ibn Salman Al-Amreekee

        January 6, 2014 at 2:38 AM

        As-Salaamu `alaykum,

        I second the curious thought above by Abu Abdullah. What is the understanding of praying salaah while on a moving vehicle, be it a car, train, airplane, et cetera?

        Jazaakumu llaahu khayran was-salaamu `alaykum.

  3. Omar

    July 22, 2011 at 4:45 AM


    Jazakumullah Khairan! This was very informative!!

  4. Interesting

    July 22, 2011 at 7:12 AM

    Yasir Qadhi says:

    “as our respected Shaykh Ibn Ê¿UthaymÄ«n did”.

    It is just be or does it seem like he is implying he was a student of the late shaykh (rahimahullah)

    • Yasir Qadhi

      July 22, 2011 at 11:54 AM

      Salaam Alaikum

      Allah blessed me to study with the Shaykh in his annual summer intensives that he held in his mosque in Unayzah. I was only able to attend one summer intensive, in 2000, the very last year that they were held. The Shaykh passed away early 2001, yarhamuhullah.


      • Interesting

        July 22, 2011 at 1:02 PM

        Barak Allah fiyk, sorry for the apparent accusation.

  5. amina

    July 22, 2011 at 8:06 AM

    assalamu alaikkum warahmathullahi wabarakathuhu

    JazakumAllahkhair . Ma’asha Allah , You do all the hard work in searching and researching , and we get to learn easily from you. May Allah(swt) bless you and reward you and your family immensely .Ameen.

  6. Sadia

    July 22, 2011 at 8:44 AM

    Jazakallahu Khairan.

  7. Adam

    July 22, 2011 at 9:29 AM

    Salam alaykum Sheikh

    JazakAllah khair for an informative series. May this be the reason you enter jannat alfirdaws. ameen

  8. Amad

    July 22, 2011 at 1:04 PM

    salam & jazakalalhkhair

    how about following real-life situations:
    1) Travelling to work in another city, state or country. Everyday. E.g.: Commuters from Malaysia to Singapore.

    2) Excursion trip to another state for a day. E.g. going from Philly to Washington DC for a day-trip.

    3) Going to school in another city, 40 miles away everyday
    b) Weekend school where you stay overnight, e.g. Delaware to Philly.

    I have also heard that if u r “settled”, you shorten but don’t combine. When is that applicable?

    • Yasir Qadhi

      July 23, 2011 at 1:56 AM


      Did you actually read all three parts carefully ;) All of your answers are there….

  9. MHB

    July 22, 2011 at 1:32 PM

    The Prophet (S) said, “Live in this world as (if you are) a traveler.” (Bukhari). Does this mean we should shorten and combine prayers and not fast at all times?

    [P.S. This is a joke]

    • Yasir Qadhi

      July 23, 2011 at 1:59 AM


      Well, this can actually be used to correct the understanding that someone who is temporarily in a place for a long period of time can still be called a traveller (the opinion that Shaykh Ibn Uthaymin held). One could say, based on this hadith, that an entire lifetime is merely a ‘travel’ from this world to the next!

      Thsi hadith actually supports Ibn Taymiyya’s position, because the point here is that the Prophet (SAWS) intended to describe a particular lifestyle, here indicating someone with few possessions and little attachment to his place of residence. This clearly shows that a traveller is someone with a particular lifestyle, and this lifestyle is known by one’s culture and custom.


      • nod

        July 25, 2011 at 5:13 PM

        Actually, A lot of shias pray 3 times a day and they combine all the time. I was told this was one of thier proofs, we are all ”permanent” travelers.

  10. Fulaan

    July 22, 2011 at 3:00 PM

    It seems that defining residence is something which is struggled with even nowadays.

    The UK is currently trying to make a statutory tax definition of residence (in the UK, unlike in
    the US there are tax advantages to being non-resident as you are only taxed on your UK earnings
    if you are non-resident, not your worldwide earnings like the US.)

    The things they are listing as factors which are similar to above are things like:
    * Purchase of properties / availability of private accomodation in the UK
    * Location of the residence of your spouse and children (similar to what was said elsewhere (not above) in that you are not resident where your parents live)
    * Number of days passed in the UK (though cumulative, not in one instance as above)

    Previously (and currently) they relied on purported intention (did you ‘intend’ to live in the UK permanently)
    which is naturally hard to prove either way in a court of tax law.

    What Sh Uthaymeen seems to be describing is domicile – or what someone considers to be their natural home – taking that to its natural conclusion a refugee who is a citizen in say the UK and lives here all his natural life could be considered to be a traveller if they always intended to return to their home country when it was possible to do so – even if that return would be undefined and would be dependent on for example that country being politically stable enough for them to return to at some point.


  11. Omar

    July 22, 2011 at 4:28 PM

    BarakaAllahu feek ya Shaykh Yasir,

    Reading this series has tremendously increased my respect for our fuqaha’

    – There is a great deal of legal reasoning that goes into fiqh, a great deal of mental prowess, which many don’t appreciate
    – Islam is a vast deen, that respects differences, even on fundamentals like time of prayer
    – Our scholars are smart people, but fallible humans
    – We need many modern mujtahids
    – You are in love with Ibn Taymiyya :)

    • Yasir Qadhi

      July 23, 2011 at 1:59 AM

      You’re absolutely correct…on ALL counts!


  12. Abez

    July 22, 2011 at 5:13 PM

    JazakAllahuKheiran! Very informative, very useful, and very appreciated.

    Would love to read more pieces like this, this was like the FAQ for Qasr that I’ve never been able to find elsewhere. :)

  13. MangoLassi

    July 22, 2011 at 5:25 PM

    JazakAllahu khayran ya Shaykh! This was really informative. If you’re taking requests to do another fiqh series, i would appreciate it if you could do a series on the fiqh of investing. I’ve heard so many different opinions on this topic and can’t seem to get a hand on a comprehensive analysis on the topic like you do.

  14. MangoLassi

    July 22, 2011 at 10:07 PM

    Shaykh Yasir: what if the traveller attends a masjid or prays in congregation with the locals with the imam leading 4 rakahs for dhuhr or asr or isha? What should the traveller do? Pray the full 4 rakahs behind the imam or pray 2 rakahs and keep sitting in tashahud till the salam?

    • Yasir Qadhi

      July 23, 2011 at 2:00 AM

      Such a person must pray the full salat behind the Imam. This is in accordance with all four schools of Sunni law.

      • Omar

        July 24, 2011 at 8:16 PM

        What if I join late in the prayer and miss a few rakahs? For example in Isha if I join in the 3rd rakah, do I finish just my 2 and say salam with the imam, or do another 2?

        I recall Sheikh Waleed Basyouni said his personal opinion was to pray just my 2, though he said the majority view is to pray the full 4 (or whatever the imam prayed).

      • Zainab

        December 28, 2012 at 7:36 AM

        Salaam u alaikum,
        Dear Sheikh Yasir,
        Can u please authentife the following Hadith for me:
        “I will continue to struggle with this mission until a woman can travel freely all by herself without fear of molestation or assault on her person from any quarter!”

        And can u also please tell me what different scholars have said about the hadith of Abu Hurayra from Abu Dawud that a woman may not travel without a mahram the distance of a Bureida. Thank you.

  15. Ibn Sabeel

    July 22, 2011 at 10:56 PM

    As-salam-u-alaikum Shaykh Yasir Qadhi!

    Could you please briefly discuss what constitutes a city in the matter of travel?

    I have heard the following three opinions:

    1. City Limit
    2. County Limit
    3. Where the metropolitan area ends

    JazakAllahu khayr.

  16. Michael Scott

    July 23, 2011 at 1:39 AM

    mashaAllah great article! Thank you Shaikh Yasir! May Allah reward you for your efforts. I would encourage others to take the gist of his message and decide wisely based on their circumstances and pray to Allah SA for acceptance. We can continue to create hypothetical scenarios which will only complicate matters further and not achieve anything useful. Wallahu ‘Alam.

  17. Question

    July 24, 2011 at 4:36 AM

    combining the prayers is only done where there is a need to do so, regardless of whether one is traveling or not, for it is also permissible for the resident to combine

    Let’s say i’ve been out all day (in my own city), can I combine for example Maghrib and Isha @ Maghrib time only because I might be too tired when I get home @ isha time to pray Isha (because of being out the whole day with kids, etc)?

  18. Umar Shariff

    July 24, 2011 at 7:25 AM

    Very informative article. May Allah bless the Shaikh for bringing this wonderful piece of work.

  19. Ismail Kamdar

    July 24, 2011 at 8:48 AM

    Jazakallah Khair for Shaykh for this detailed explanation. Please publish more articles of this nature as we are much in need of them.

  20. Shuaib Mansoori

    July 24, 2011 at 10:30 AM

    It is reported that Ibn Ê¿Umar prayed qaá¹£r for six months while in Azerbaijan

    So for those of us who’ve recently moved to Azerbaijan from the West, can we invent a new ruling and pray qasr always? ;)

  21. Amy

    July 24, 2011 at 11:43 AM

    May Allah preserve you. This was a tremendously beneficial series of posts. Jazaakallahu khayran for clarifying the distinction in rulings regarding combining as opposed to merely shortening prayers for travel. InshaaAllaah I can see that immediately changing my perception of the issue.

  22. Khader Ali Khan

    July 25, 2011 at 1:25 PM

    Salaam Alaikum Shaykh Yasir,

    This is trivial question but I would appreciate if you answer it.

    All the rules and concession that applies to Traveler with regards to Salah also applies to fasting, correct?

    So, If I travel 90 miles to play cricket game (which is all day long), can I skip the fasting and make it on other day? Is it a valid reason? It is unthinkable for me to skip fasting in Ramadan.


  23. Ismail

    August 21, 2012 at 3:14 PM

    Salaam, I have a question. My wife follows the opinion that u are no longer traveler once u are stationary in a house or hotel etc. I follow ibn uthaymeens opinion. Should she obey me and follow my opinion or is it haram for me to make her follow my opinion?
    I feel it would cause hardship for me as I will always have to wait for he to pray full salah while I combine and also is praying in masjid fardh while traveling? And if I combine then how do I pray in masjid 5 times?
    Jazakallahu Kheiran sheikh

  24. Pingback: Yasir Qadhi | The Definition of “Travel” (safar) According to Islamic Law | Part 1 -

  25. Yasmin

    September 7, 2012 at 6:49 PM

    I’m a girl, and If i travel to university which is around 1/2-1hr away from my home everyday, do I take a mahram with me? Do I also need a mahram for everything else I do outside my home, like shopping?
    JazakAllah kheir

  26. muslimah

    September 8, 2012 at 10:04 AM

    JazakAllah khairan sheikh…its really helpful…brother i am going through a problem,my mother is asking me to travel without a mahram…i tried alot but she is not willing to change her mind,infact our seats hv been booked aswell,and it costs a lot of money if u want to change da bookings,em soo distressed sheikh…plz advice…secondly can u plz tell me if is it possible 4 me 2 publish my articles on dis website…honestly speaking,im literally dying 2 do sumthing 4 da sake of Allah but due to sum restrictions im unable 2 do wat i want…i consider writng islamic article for His sake a source of sawaab-e-jaaria….plz sheikh help me……..em eagerly waiting 4 reply…please sheikh…..JazakuAllah khairan…May Allah protect u and ur family…Ameen!

  27. muslimah

    September 8, 2012 at 10:06 AM

    please if anyone else has any answer to my questions plz plz answer me….May Allah reward aalll of u highely..wassalamualikumwRwB

  28. Pingback: MM Treasures | Yasir Qadhi | The Definition of “Travel” (safar) According to Islamic Law | Part 2 -

  29. Pingback: MM Treasures | Yasir Qadhi | The Definition of “Travel” (safar) According to Islamic Law | Part 3 -

  30. UmmM

    October 25, 2012 at 11:47 AM


    I do quite a few train journies and I was wondering if I can combine dhur and asr at home before leaving at dhuhr time, as during asr time I will be on the train and unable to pray. Would this be permissible?

  31. Cape Townian

    June 25, 2013 at 7:27 PM


    Sheikh yasir jazakakallah for your interesting article,
    Do you mind me enquiring as too what your approach is to the Quran and sunnah? I.e. what usool do you use?
    I am a Shafi, and naturally we would follow our schools usool as espoused in latter works such as جمع الجوامع of ابن السبكي rahimullah. And the shuruh and hawashiy there of.

    Certain of these points , when looked in light of each scholars approach (usool), would elucidate why the furu’ end up the way they do. Allah knows best

  32. emad

    January 30, 2014 at 5:52 PM

    Alhamdolelah I am a only a Muslim and not from the 44 mathhabs, and I follow The Prophet (ﷺ) and not anyone’s opinion

    In saheh Muslim Yahya b. Yazid al-Huna’i reported:
    I asked Anas b. Malik about shortening of prayer. He said: When the Messenger of’ Allah (ﷺ) had covered a distance of three miles or three farsakh (Shu’ba, one of the narrators, had some doubt about it) he observed two rak’ahs.

    That’s it either 3 miles or 3 farsakh (9 miles) , I am an ummi and I follow and I don’t measure – No opinion after the opinion of the Prophet (ﷺ).

    PS – Shiekh yaseer, why didn’t you mention the above hadith from sahih Muslim, it’s the most authentic hadith on the subject. with all due respect you have a long research of what this scholar said and their opinions are , what about the opinion of rasol Allah and Umar ibn Alkkhatab ?

  33. Gem

    April 19, 2014 at 7:36 AM

    Jazaa kumullah Shaykh.I’m an Australian residing in Turkey and follow many of your lectures online.May Allah(S.W.T) reward you well for all the good that you’re doing.

    As selamu Aleykum.

  34. Maleka Jamil

    May 28, 2014 at 7:30 PM

    Assalamualaikum. I have a question. Will a married women pray qasar ul salat when she goes to parent’s home to visit them?

    • new_wife

      June 12, 2014 at 3:11 PM

      That’s exactly my question!

  35. M. Akhtar, new delhi

    June 21, 2014 at 1:35 AM

    Salam o alaikum Sh Qadhi. Jazak Allah khair. Excellent article. May your tribe increase among Ummah

  36. Shakeel

    September 9, 2015 at 12:21 AM


    i live in North America, currently not able to afford to buy my own home for living. many people have told me having 1st mortgage for self residence is permissible.

    what is the exact ruling in Islam about it.

    and are there known Islamic Mortgage is shariah Compliance in North America that you know of.

    JazakuAllah khairan

  37. Pingback: Comment on Yasir Qadhi | The Definition of “Travel” (safar) According to Islamic Law | Part 3 by Shakeel | Souqhub | Blog

  38. Abdul Rahman

    August 19, 2016 at 3:14 PM

    I have a question regarding daily commutes that are pretty long 1-2 hours a day one way. So i can be in a car traveling for 2-4 hours daily. I primarily pray all prayers not shorten but sometimes it is difficult and choose to combine. Is that ok?

  39. Zia-e-Taiba

    November 11, 2016 at 7:29 AM

    Nice article! Everybody find the Qibla Direction and prayer time for this Web Application Al Moazzin

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