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Causes of Forgiveness in Ramadan

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The following is a translation of the second part to the work of Al-Hafidh ibn Rajab al-Hanbali (rahimahullah) on the last 10 nights of Ramadan.

Causes of Forgiveness in Ramadan

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It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah (radi Allahu anhu) that the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam), “Whoever fasts Ramadan out of faith and seeking reward, his previous sins will be forgiven. And whoever stays up and prays on Laylat al-Qadr out of faith and in the hope of reward, his previous sins will be forgiven.” He also related that the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said, “Whoever prays at night in Ramadaan out of faith and the hope of reward, all his previous sins will be forgiven.” (Agreed upon).

In the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah (radi Allahu anhu), there is evidence that each of these three actions is a cause for forgiveness of previous sins; fasting the month of Ramadan, praying in it’s nights, and praying in the night of Qadr. Praying in the night of Qadr is a cause of forgiveness alone for whoever is able to catch it, regardless of whether it is in the beginning of the last ten days, middle or in the end and regardless of whether the person feels that it is the night of al-Qadr or not. The forgiveness promised in this night is specific for it, and is not conditioned on completion of the month. As for the forgiveness promised for those who fast Ramadan and pray in its nights, it is conditioned on the completion of the entire month. So once the month is completed, only then is the believer counted among those who fasted the month and prayed it’s nights, thus being rewarded with forgiveness of previous sins. When those who fast complete their fasting in the month of Ramadan and praying in it’s nights, then they have completed what was upon them of deeds. What remains is what is for them of reward; being forgiven.

When they go out for prayer on the day of Eid ul-fitr, their rewards are distributed among them and they return to their homes having fully attained their reward (for the month). As for the one whose actions were deficient, then so will his reward be decreased accordingly, so he shall blame none but himself. Salman said, “The prayer is a scale, so whoever truthfully honored it, he will be truly rewarded. And whoever deceived in it, then you know what has been said about the Mutaffifeen.” Fasting and the rest of the acts of worship are on a similar pattern: whoever guards them in truth, then he is from the favored slaves of Allah, and whoever is deceitful, then woe to the Mutaffifeen.

Is he not shameful, one who honestly fills the scale of his desires, yet is treacherous in the scale of his fasting and prayer?

غداً تُوفّى النفوس ما كسبت *** ويحصد الزارعون ما زرعوا إن أحسنوا أحسنوا لأنفسهم *** وإن أساءوا فبئس ما صنعوا

Tomorrow shall the souls gains what they earned*****And the sowers shall reap their harvest

If good then for themselves it is*****And if bad, then evil is what they have done

The righteous predecessors would strive to complete their actions with perfection and proficiency. Afterwards they would worry about acceptance of the deeds and fear rejection. Such are those whom Allah described: {يُؤتُونَ مَاآتَوا وَقُلُوبُهُم وَجِلَةٌ} And they who give what they give while their hearts are fearful because they will be returning to their Lord (Al-Mu’minun 23:60).

It is narrated that Ali (radi Allahu anhu) said, “Worry more over the acceptance of the deed than the deed itself, do you not hear the words of Allah azza wa jal, {إِنَّمَا يَتَقَبَّلُ اللّهُ مِنَ الْمُتَّقِينَ} “Indeed, Allah only accepts from the righteous [who fear Him].” (Al-Ma’idah 5:27).

From among the causes of forgiveness in this month is providing food for the fasting ones to break their fast with. Remembering Allah and istighfar are also causes of being forgiven. Istighfar is supplicating for forgiveness, and the supplication of the fasting person is accepted during his fast and at the moment of breaking his fast.

And from the reasons of forgiveness is the istighfar of the Angels for the fasting people until they break their fast. With many sources of forgiveness in this month, then the one whom it passes without being forgiveness is truly the most deprived. When then will he be forgiven, he who is not forgiven in this Month? When then will he be accepted, he who was rejected in the night of Al-Qadr? When then will he be set aright, he who is not set aright in Ramadan? When will he be cured, he who is afflicted with the illnesses of ignorance and negligence?

All trees that do not bear their fruit during their time of ripening are broken and thrown in the fire. Whoever was inattentive to his plants when they bore their fruit has not gathered for the Day of harvest except remorse and loss!

Keep supporting MuslimMatters for the sake of Allah

Alhamdulillah, we're at over 850 supporters. Help us get to 900 supporters this month. All it takes is a small gift from a reader like you to keep us going, for just $2 / month.

The Prophet (SAW) has taught us the best of deeds are those that done consistently, even if they are small. Click here to support MuslimMatters with a monthly donation of $2 per month. Set it and collect blessings from Allah (swt) for the khayr you're supporting without thinking about it.

Amatullah is a student of the Qur'an and its language. She completed the 2007 Ta'leem program at Al-Huda Institute in Canada and studied Qur'an, Tajwid (science of recitation) and Arabic in Cairo. Through her writings, she hopes to share the practical guidance taught to us by Allah and His Messenger and how to make spirituality an active part of our lives. She has a Bachelors in Social Work and will be completing the Masters program in 2014 inshaAllah. Her experience includes working with immigrant seniors, refugee settlement and accessibility for people with disabilities.

2 Comments

2 Comments

  1. Syed J.

    September 9, 2010 at 9:01 AM

    Please fix the missed word ‘said’ in the first para..

    “It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah (radi Allahu anhu) that the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) __said__, “Whoever…

    Jazak Allah Khair.

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