This is Part #2 of a multipart post: You can find  Part 1 here

Step 2: Sentence structure – Placement of Words in an ayah:

a – Understand the main meaning of the ayah.

b – Look for the main direct targeted object [maf'ool bihi – the one to who something is being 'done' to] in the ayah's discussion and look at the location of the words surrounding it to see their relationship with that main object.

[Part of Balaaghah – rhetoric -finding out the reasons why words are sequenced in a certain order.*]

 

33_24
( Suratal Ahzab 33:24)
That Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) may reward the truthful for their truth and punish the hypocrites if He wills or accept their repentance. Indeed, Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) is ever Forgiving and Merciful.

Point #1:

See how; Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) mentions His Name near the Saadiqeen [truthful], yet He does not mention His Name near the hypocrites.
This is done because Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) is close to the Saadiqeen [truthful to themselves and truthful to Allahsubḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) – so He mentions His closeness to them by mentioning His Name next to them, and is angry with the hypocrites, so He does not mention His Name near the hypocrites [i.e. He is distant from them].

Point #2:

But to give hope to those who have hypocrisy in their hearts, He mentions that the hypocrite can still reach that closeness to Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He), and that can only be reached by approaching His Forgiveness and Mercy.
He pictures this by placing His Names of Mercy (Ghafoor & Raheem) next to the Name, Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He), so the hypocrite will only get closer to Allah by approaching His Forgiveness & Mercy.
Point #1 is used many times in the Qur'an, sometimes in selected ayat/verses [like above], sometimes in whole Surahs i.e. in Surah Tariq, Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) does not even mention His Name once in the whole Surah, due to His Anger and distance against the rejectors/disbelievers.

Sentence Tajweed Sound Gems

Look for:
– Sound (Onamatopeia) effects
– Visual effects (i.e. low note letters like Daad give a heavy/sluggish meaning)
– Flow of the ayah's recital
– Other sounds produced through Tajweed sounds including how they impact the Tajweed sounds

Tajweed Sounds

If we study the arts of Tajweed, we see that there are some rules you have to learn to recite the Qur'an well.

Ikhfaa:

The Ikhfaa rule is commonly called 'the nasal sound' rule – wherein you don't recite the letter 'Nun' (you don't touch your tongue on the top roof of your inner mouth) before certain letters, but instead you almost touch it and the sound that comes out of your nose and mouth makes a nasal sound – causing the sound of the recitation to 'flow' instead of abrupt pauses (which would happen if you fully pronounced the letter 'Nun'.)

This flow in recitation will give a 'smooth' feeling to the listener, as if you're flying on air or floating over water. So that when the following ayah is recited, it is recited smoothly, as if you are gliding.

Quran 14_24

Have you not considered how Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) presents an example, [making] a good word like a good tree, whose root is firmly fixed and its branches [high] in the sky? [Qur'an 14:24]

Comparison: On the other hand, when we see the description being mentioned of a tree representing disbelief, we see there is no Ikhfaa rule applied, and we also hear difficult to pronounce letters (like Daad) being used. This means the letter 'Nun' and other difficult to pronounce letters will be pronounced a lot in this ayah, which causes abrupt STOPS in the flow of the ayah. This continuous abrupt stopping in the recitation makes you feel 'sluggish', as if you are continuously falling on your face – making you feel, through hearing the recitation, that disbelief is continuously heavy and hard upon you.

14_26

And the example of a bad word is like a bad tree, uprooted from the surface of the earth, not having any stability. [Qur'an 14:26]

Step 3 – The Location of an ayah within a Passage of Discussion

Ruku': Shaykh Abdul Nasir Jangda says that the Rukoo'aat (sub sections within a surah) you find in copies of the Qur'an are divided by scholars based on the different subjects within a Surah. So take advantage of these when studying different passages within surahs' of the Qur'an.

The location of an ayah may be based on:

i – the context of the whole passage (Ruku')
ii – Or even based on the theme of the entire Surah

Example:
6_151
And kill not your children out of poverty, We provide you and them.
(An'am 6:151)

17_31
And kill not your children for fear [of] poverty. We provide them and you. (Israa' 17:31)

It seems like the same thing but it's not.
In Surah al An'am, it is describing when poverty already exists. Who are you worried about feeding in that moment the most? Yourself. So Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) tells us that He will provide for YOU and them.

In Surah al Isra', there is a future fear of poverty being depicted. People may be able to feed themselves, but they fear for the providing of their children.

So Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) mentions that He will Provide for THEM [the children], since that is the person's main worry.

The Location of an ayah and its content is important.

The following examples will explain how.

i – Surah al Baqarah has 286 ayat within it, and tells us how to be the best nation. If we divide that (286) by two, we get the number 143.

The exact MIDDLE ayah of Surat al Baqarah is 2:143. And in that ayah, Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) tells us:

2_143

And like that, We have made you a MIDDLE (wasaTan) nation…

ii – Surah al Haqqah – Order of words gradually going upwards in location:

i.e. (1) Earth > (2) mountains > (3) sky > (4) > angels, (5) > Throne ('Arsh), (6) – Our Lord Allah (see Haqqah 69: 13-16)

69_13

69_14

 

69_15

69_16

Then when the Horn is blown with one blast. And the (1) earth and the (2) mountains are lifted and leveled with one blow, then on that Day, the Resurrection will occur

And the (3) heaven/sky will split [open], for that Day it is infirm.

And the (4) angels are at its edges. And there will bear the (5) Throne of your (6) Lord above them, that Day, eight [of them (i.e. angels)].

2 Responses

  1. LinguisticMiracle.com

    Asalaamu alaykum.

    Jazakum Allahu khayran for posting this :)

    Please download the full book:

    Quran – the Linguistic Miracle, from our site (LinguisticMiracle.com).

    Baarak Allahu feekum.

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