Lecture by Nouman Ali Khan | Hosted by Br. Abdullah Syed | Transcribed by Sameera[The transcript includes slight modifications for the sake of readability and clarity.] www.ramadanprep.com
[Br. Abdullah Syed]: Al-salāmu 'alaykum waraḥmatullāh. For those that are new, Ramadan Prep is a way for us to get ready for the month of Ramadan spiritually. We have speakers who give us some reminders and benefits that can make us rejuvenated for the month of Ramadan. This year, it will be July 8-18 inshā'Allāh.[Nouman Ali Khan]: I'd like to start by saying al-salāmu 'alaykum wa raḥmatullāh wa barakātuh.
I'm going to share with you a reminder I planned on sharing with my own family and close friends about preparing for the month of Ramadan and working towards bettering our relationship with the Qur'an. I want to start with something very basic. Alḥamdulillāh now we're in the age where lectures, talks, and live programs like this one and recorded ones are so readily available. Myself and all of you have benefitted from programs like these. We continue to do so.
At the same time, there is such a thing as overdose. What I mean by that is that we get desensitized to these talks, lectures, reminders, or we start thinking that this is our Islamic activity: to make the most of Ramadan, just listen to a whole bunch of lectures. I, for one, can't possibly undermine the value and importance of listening to talks and durūs because I'm a beneficiary of them and I am someone who conducts them all the time. I hear from students and others who are benefitting from those talks. May Allāh give us all reward for the efforts we are making.
At the same time, I feel like it is slowly substituting some very important aspects of our religion, especially aspects that have to do with building our relationship with the Qur'an. On the one hand, the Qur'an demands that we understand it very well. These durūs and ḥalaqāt of tafsīr are very important and good, but at the same time it turns us into couch potatoes. We just listen to a lecture about the Qur'an, and that is our getting closer to the Qur'an. This is only one part of it. The other parts, which are equally if not more important, are memorizing the Qur'an, reciting the Qur'an every day, making sure you are reciting it in a way that is better and better. These are the practical dimensions of our relationship with the Qur'an.
Tip #1: Make Time to Recite Qur'an Starting Now
When somebody really wants to prepare for Ramadan very well, the first basic piece of advice I would give you – I'm talking to so many different kinds of people right now and some of you are mothers, some of you are students, some of you are employees, and you have different kinds of schedules and obligations, so you have to figure out this piece of advice for yourself – making time to recite the Qur'an every day. Put everything else down. I'm not talking just about the Qur'an you have memorized. I'm talking about picking a time in the day, preferably after one of the prayers like fajr or 'ishā'. This is not after Ramadan starts but from now. Sit with the book of Allāh and recite it. If you can't handle a lot, then do at least a couple of pages. You will notice that you get lazy very quickly. You will recite a little bit and then start yawning or feeling like you have to do something else. You are actively doing it yourself and have to put an effort into reciting the Qur'an.
This is really where your personal litmus test is going to come into play. How much time do you really enjoy spending with this book? If you don't get into the habit of reciting it regularly, then the next step I'm trying to advise you of, which is memorizing it, will never even start. The first thing is getting into the habit of reciting the Qur'an every day.
I'm not saying this as a replacement of the lectures and the talks and the other stuff. I'm saying this as a basic, practical starting point in your own personal journey with the Qur'an. It is something that the scholars among us and speakers among us and those who don't know much at all about Arabic or Qur'an or tafsīr are in the same boat when it comes to this. This is something we equally have to give importance to. Just because I've been studying or trying to study the Qur'an for the last decade doesn't mean that I'm exempt from having to recite the Qur'an every single day. It is something I need as much as you need and even my teachers need.
It is not something that anybody will graduate beyond. That is the beauty of this book. We are never past it. We can't just say, “Oh, I already recited that page. Oh, I already recited this sūrah.” It doesn't work like that. Ramadan is a great opportunity for instilling and reinforcing those good habits, inshā'Allāh.
My first two bits of advice: get in the habit of reciting Qur'an regularly from now until the beginning of Ramadan – a manageable amount. That is the other thing I was mentioning in this khuṭbah of mine last week: Ramadan comes and we go overboard. There's a person who doesn't even pray, or if they pray, maybe they pray at home. In Ramadan, for 30 straight days they come to the masjid and they are there for 8 or 20 tarāwīḥ, exhausting themselves. Halfway into it, they cannot wait for Ramadan to be over so they can go back to normal again. This is unhealthy, actually. I'm not saying you shouldn't make 20 tarāwīḥ or 8 tarāwīḥ, please go ahead! But get into good habits that you can bring to life before Ramadan starts and you can keep alive after Ramadan is over.
When Ramadan starts, recite a whole juz' every day or two juz' a day if you can. If you can't handle that after Ramadan is done, then start with something far more manageable. What is manageable and sustainable is far better for you. “The best of deeds are the ones that are the most constant.” The most constant deeds are the ones that are the most manageable. They are the ones you wouldn't have to go out of your way to maintain.
My first bit of advice: recite Qur'an regularly from now on every single day. My personal recommended time is after fajr. It is a particularly peaceful time and there is an enjoyment in the Qur'an and barakah in it. You will enjoy the rest of your day. You will feel the effects of the blessings at work, in school, and in whatever you are doing. You will see the benefits of it. This is one more point on the side I wanted to make before sharing with you the next bit of advice.
We often don't realize the spiritual benefits of praying in the masjid, reciting the Qur'an, and active acts of worship – extra prayers, nawāfil. You will know the difference between a prayer that is just a hit and run – you literally bang your head on the floor a couple of times and made sajdah and got it out of the way – or you took your time and prayed peacefully. You will notice a difference not only in the prayer but how you feel that day after the prayer. The day you make it to the masjid to pray fajr and 'ishā', you are going to feel different. You are going to be at a peace you haven't enjoyed before. From your past experience, you can already testify to those differences. It does make a difference. These are some of the joys of Islam. One of the joys of our īmān is that we get to taste its fruits even in this life. You don't have to be an advanced scholar or zāhid to enjoy these things.
Even if you are not in the habit of regularly praying in the masjid or reciting a lot of Qur'an, if you get started now, you will start tasting the sweetness of it right away. It is not something you are going to have to wait for. I pray that all of you get to enjoy that sweetness and get in that beautiful habit inshā'Allāh.
Tip #2: A Golden Opportunity - Da'wah
That's my first bit of advice. The second bit of advice that I want to share with you about the month of Ramadan – again, keeping in mind there are all kinds of audiences listening to this talk and you have different family and social situations that I can't even imagine, but I do want to make an educated guess that a lot of you belong to families where there are significant family members that aren't interested in religion or aren't “religious” and don't are for learning the religion more or learning Islam more or worshipping more. Even those kinds of members of the family when it comes to Ramadan turn towards the dīn a little more than usual. The most they will become religious is in this month. I see that as a golden opportunity (not to complain about those people).
Usually what happens in the khuṭbah is that in the 'Īd khuṭbah or the last khuṭbah of Ramadan, the khaṭīb is angry at the crowd and says, “Don't just come here every Ramadan and then just disappear. Come here every single night of the prayer. I only see you at the 'Īd prayer.” Instead of using that as an opportunity to vent your frustrations, it is an opportunity to invite people as guests. These people who don't normally come have come. The fact that the even show up is a favor. It is not something we should complain about. We should look at it the other way. These are people who otherwise have little or nothing to do with the faith. They are barely holding onto the faith. Take it as an opportunity to invite them.
In your family, if you have a hard time bringing up dīn or a religious conversation – maybe the beauty or value or prayer, or maybe something you recited from the Qur'an or you heard something explained about the Qur'an that you found particularly beautiful – Ramadan is a good opportunity when you go over for ifṭār at your cousin's house and get invited to a friend's house or you invite them to your house. When you normally never get a healthy opportunity, now you get an opportunity to talk about the religion. You have a disarmed and non-confrontational opportunity to speak to your friends and family in a way that is not going to create an argument. You don't want to have an argument in the days of Ramadan. Don't fall into those debates, and don't allow those debates to become dominant in your conversation with others.
Ramadan is about getting closer to Allāh and maybe doing your part in helping somebody else get closer to Allāh. On that note, I want to take you to my third and final bit of advice that I think applies to myself and would like to share with you also inshā'Allāh.
In Ramadan, you will get an opportunity to talk to folks that you don't normally see the rest of the year. You don't normally get to talk to them about the religion the rest of the year. Those kinds of people have all kinds of interesting and weird opinions about Islam. They are members of your family – it could be your uncle, cousin, grandfather. When you do talk about the dīn, they will bring up tangents and weird ideas of theirs, and then they will ask you your opinion about them. One of your relatives may start criticizing aḥadīth saying it is all made up, or someone else may say the Qur'an talks about alcohol but it is not the same as beer, so it's okay. You will be sitting there thinking, “What are you talking about?! Why are you talking like this?” It will make you upset because obviously these are some basic things in the religion and these people are bringing them up almost as a joke, or they are bringing up really absurd and ridiculous understandings of the religion that can boil your blood.
I'm particularly talking to the young in the audience that feel like they have to defend the faith at any cost, even if it means severing family ties. This is the point where you have to put the brakes on your tongue and hold yourself back and allow the conversation to be steered back in a good direction. “I just wanted to talk about getting closer to Allāh. I just wanted to talk about how great the recitation of Qur'an was the other night.” Change the subject. Don't go into debates! Don't go into religious arguments. This is not the month to do it. It is not the time to do it. Everyone should walk away with a good taste in their mouth after a conversation about dīn in this month.
Yes, those issues should be hashed out and discussed, but find another time to do them. Shaytan is out of the picture right now. These people are ripe for da'wah, and that will entirely depend on your mannerism and your patience and courtesy with them in trying to deliver that message.
The sisters listening right now will have to do that with their husbands who are averse to the religion. There are some husbands whose wives don't really like anything to do with Islam. They think that you have become too religious. This will be the opportunity to soften those hearts. There may be your parents who think that you have become too religious and are upset with you and criticize you all the time. This will be a chance for you to not respond to those things impulsively and become reactionary but rather to become very patient and calm in your reaction to them. Keep the atmosphere positive and good.
Another bit of advice that is tied to this is with friends. All of us have friends who are not very religious. They may be old friends from college or high school. You keep in touch, but maybe you talk about sports or a movie that just came about. You don't talk about dīn. This is the month to try to invite one of your friends to come over for ifṭār and go to the masjid and pray. Hang out with them. Just go for 'ishā' and bring them back. You don't have to preach a word. Just try to bring them into that environment. Let Allāh do the rest. Being in a masjid after so long will do something to their hearts. It happens!
You and I are not in charge of changing people's hearts, but we can certainly try to bring them to a good, positive environment. If there is goodness in them, and I'm sure there is, it will flourish. Allāh will allow it to flourish. This is the time to do that. Mend family ties and help friends come to better company, and for you and me to memorize more Qur'an at the end of this month than we knew going in. We should have recited more Qur'an than we had coming in. We have these perfectionist ideas that we are going to finish the Qur'an three times in Ramadan. That intention lasts about a week and then you run out of gas. Say at least you will recite the whole Qur'an once in Ramadan and you start out like that but then again run out of steam. Why? You are not in the habit, which means you have to get started from now. You have to get yourself in the habit from now inshā'Allāh.
I really hope that you and I do that and we don't get lazy this Ramadan. The worst thing you can do is that Ramadan came to an end and you look back and you say, “Man, another Ramadan went and I didn't fully take advantage of it. I ran out of steam too early.” You don't want that to happen to you this Ramadan. inshā'Allāh we will get ourselves in gear ahead of time.
Tip #3: Guard the Sunnah Prayers
As parting advice, what I want to share with you, especially the young in the audience, is take care of your sunnah prayers. Pray the sunan before the farḍ prayers. Pray the sunan after the farḍ prayers. Pray the sunan in the masjid or come home and pray them. Take care of them! This is a huge part of reaping the spiritual benefits of 'ibādah. It will get rid of laziness from you. You will become active in doing worship. Ramadan is a time of extra worship. If you are even barely making the energy to do the farḍ (obligatory) prayers, then in Ramadan, you will run out of steam very quickly. You will not have the energy to do much. It is going to be an opportunity wasted. Take advantage of having a little bit more 'ibādah than usual from now on. Make sure to pray the two rak'ahs after maghrib. Make sure you pray your sunnah after ẓuhr. Finish the sunnah and nawāfil after 'ishā'. Make sure you take care of those extra acts of worship. Sit and make du‘ā’ by yourself. Put yourself in that situation so you are trained to really take advantage of this Ramadan.
I pray that you and I are able to learn a lot about the Qur'an and memorize and recite. I pray that all of us are able to worship Allāh in a way that we haven't done before or have gotten too lazy to do and that we don't compare ourselves to the person praying next to us. We should at least compare ourselves to own selves from yesterday to today. We should be a better Muslim today than yesterday.
I'm very optimistic about this Ramadan. I think it is going to be a beautiful month for all Muslims, especially for us here in the US inshā'Allāh.
I want to extend my salāms to all of you and your families and make du‘ā’ that their fasting and worship is all accepted by Allāh and that they make the most of it. Ramadan is going to be late nights all across the country. 'Ishā' is going to be late, which means tarāwīḥ is going to be late after that, which means guys, don't hang out after prayer. Go to sleep! It is going to ruin your fajr. What is the point of praying 20 tarāwīḥ and you can't even wake up for fajr? It is an exercise in futility. Make your worship, but make sure you have a healthy sleep schedule. Make sure you don't overdo it so that you can stay on course and be productive inshā'Allāh throughout the entire month. These are a few good tips of advice that I wanted to remind myself of and remind all of you of in getting ready for the beautiful month of Ramadan.
May Allāh make this a month we are closer to the Qur'an than we have ever been. May Allāh help you and I understand this book, enjoy this book, love this book, memorize this book and act on this book as it deserves to be acted on.
Q&A[Br. Abdullay Syed]: Couple of questions that are not fiqh based, that are particularly geared towards you. One of them says: What is Bayinnah TV? Please tell us more about it. [Brother Nouman]: Bayinnah TV, the URL is bayinnah.tv, it's my attempt to put as much Qurʾān study and Arabic study resources in video form, almost like a video library, as possible. Inshā'Allāh by the end of Ramadan, I should have the entire video translation of the Qurʾān posted on there. Already, up to Surah Nisa is posted and every couple of weeks, another surah is being added.
A lot of you are familiar with the seminar I taught sometime ago called Divine Speech, a recording of that in its entirety is already available on Bayinnah TV. And finally I teach my eldest daughter, Husna, about 15-20 minutes of Quranic Arabic a day and I record those sessions in a studio that I've set up in my house, and as I do them, I keep posting them on Bayinnah TV. So you get access to whatever projects I'm doing long term, as opposed to lectures that you find on YouTube, that's one lecture here one lecture there. So inshā'Allāh the entire Qurʾān presented in translation and the entire Divine Speech, and Arabic with Husna. All of those 3 series inshā'Allāh ta'ala continually are going to be replenished on Bayinnah TV. And you can check it out and sign up for it inshā'Allāh ta'ala at bayinnah.tv. and I hope over the years to actually add more and more and more subscription and more content. My estimate is probably between 300-500 hours of content will be added to the site inshā'Allāh on a yearly basis.
And finally I wanted to mention, based on how popular Bayinnah TV gets inshā'Allāh, what I hope to do is with some of the funding that comes in, to fund Quranic studies and Quranic research and research papers and even eventually produce documentaries and literature on the Qurʾān. For instance, I wanted to do a documentary on the historical sights in the Qurʾān or how Jews are treated in the Qurʾān because that's something Muslims are confused about, or jihad in the Qurʾān, or for instance the people of the book or fatherhood in the Qurʾān, women in the Qurʾān, I wanted to actually produce quality, professional level documentary style films and keep adding those to the same site, on bayinnah.tv. So make duaa for the success of the project and inshā'Allāh ta'ala if you find it worth while, and I think you willl, those that have signed up are already really benefitting. This would be one easy way for you to get familiarized with the entire Qurʾān from home. The duroos I conduct from campus will be posted there[Br. Abdullah Syed]: There's a lot of fiqh questions but I'm just going to give you a couple of more questions. One of them is regarding muslims who may not be familiar with the Arabic language. What are your tips for them reciting Qurʾān? [Nouman Ali Khan]: The muslims that are not Arab, you and I should be reciting Qurʾān whether we understand it or not. Qurʾān understanding is a separate project for us, reciting it is a separate project, and they are two equally important projects. That's how we should think of them. Some people say “I don't understand the Qurʾān, what's the point of reciting it?” actually there is a point. It is literally the word of God and every letter is divine so we get 10 good deeds for every letter as the prophet recited them whether we understand it or not. So that is in and of itself an act of worship that shouldn't be undermined and one shouldn't say “I don't understand it so what's the point?” actually I should recite and work towards understanding it, that's the point. That's kind of my motivation for starting the Bayinnah TV thing also, to help you learn a little more about the Arabic language a little bit at a time, at your own pace inshā'Allāh so that you build that relationship. But absolutely, if you don't know how to recite, make Ramadan the month where you learn to recite. If you already know how to recite, better your recitation in the month of Ramadan. And if it's already good, be regular in your recitation in the month of Ramadan. That is a steady, constant act of worship that you should take very very seriously inshā'Allāh. [br. Abdullah Syed]: inshā'Allāh. So our last question for the day, before we move on to a presentation by a group called iHajj..some of our guests wanted to get basically some motivation to memorize the Qurʾān. So are there any ayaat, any hadith that talk about benefits of memorizing the Qurʾān? [Nouman Ali Khan]: My favorite āyah that I think is my motivation for memorizing the Qurʾān is in Surah Al Ankabut. Allāh says Those are miraculous ayaat that lie in the chests of those who have been given knowledge. So if the Qurʾān is in your chest, Allāh calls you someone who has been given knowledge. Allāh compliments those who have the Qurʾān in their chest. What bigger motivation can there be? Allāh says that person is educated. Allāh didn't even call them the knowledgeable. He says they have been given knowledge, as if Allāh granted them this gift, it wasn't even theirs.
There are two things here: The knowledge isn't theirs, it's a gift given to them so they should appreciate it. And if it's given to them, it doesn't necessarily mean that it's given to somebody else. So the one who has that gift in his chest is special. And then Allāh specifically mentions that it's in their chests. Allāh mentions that dhikr and remembrance is in the chest. So memorizing the Qurʾān, Allāh aza wajjal gives us a key, for those who memorize for the right reason, their hearts are going to be safe. Their hearts are going to be in a good place. And that memorization of Qurʾān is going to fortify the faith in their hearts. It's a huge motivation for you and I to memorize the Qurʾān. There are many ahadith and many excerpts, among the sahabah for example, to memorize the Qurʾān, but this one sticks out to me. And at the end, He says “Who's going to argue against Our miraculous signs except those who do wrong” people accuse the Qurʾān of being plagiarized from the Bible and Torah, this is in Surah Al Ankabut also. Allāh says, you didn't write this with your own hand and you weren't reading from the people of the book. The fact of the matter is that the Qurʾān doesn't rest on paper, the Qurʾān lies in the chests of those who have been given knowledge.
The one who memorizes the Qurʾān becomes a part of the miracle of Allāh. The one that Allāh boasts Himself. This is how I protect the Qurʾān, by keeping it in the chests of the believers. Why wouldn't we want that medal of honor on our shoulders, and carry that in our chests? So that's our motivation to memorize the Qurʾān and may Allāh aza wajjal make it easy for every single one of us to memorize. And if you're losing motivation because it's getting hard, remember “We made Qurʾān easy for remembrance” also means for memorization. Allāh guaranteed He'll make it easy. Let's see some effort from you and Allāh aza wajjal will make that effort easy for you and me and Qurʾān will become easier and easier and easier to memorize inshā'Allāh ta'ala.